NASB — Romans 1 — KJV

The Gospel Exalted

1 Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, Iacalled [as] an apostle, bset apart for cthe gospel of God, 2 which He apromised beforehand through His bprophets in the holy Scriptures, 3 concerning His Son, who was born aof a Idescendant of David baccording to the flesh, 4 who was declared athe Son of God with power Iby the resurrection from the dead, according to the IISpirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord, 5 through whom we have received grace and aapostleship Ito bring about [the] bobedience of faith among call the Gentiles for His name’s sake, 6 among whom you also are the acalled of Jesus Christ;

[1] ILit a called apostle a1Co 1:1; 9:1; 2Co 1:1 bAc 9:15; 13:2; Ga 1:15 cMk 1:14; Ro 15:16
[2] aTit 1:2 bLk 1:70; Ro 3:21; 16:26
[3] ILit seed aMt 1:1 bJn 1:14; Ro 4:1; 9:3, 5; 1Co 10:18
[4] IOr as a result of IIOr spirit aMt 4:3
[5] ILit for obedience aAc 1:25; Ga 1:16 bAc 6:7; Ro 16:26 cAc 9:15
[6] aJde 1; Rv 17:14

7 ¶ to all who are abeloved of God in Rome, called [as] Ibsaints: cGrace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

[7] IOr holy ones aRo 5:5ff; 8:39 bAc 9:13; Ro 8:28ff; 1Co 1:2, 24 cNu 6:25f; 1Co 1:3; 2Co 1:2; Ga 1:3; Ep 1:2; Php 1:2; Col 1:2; 1Th 1:1; 2Th 1:2

8 ¶ First, aI thank my God through Jesus Christ Ifor you all, because byour faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world. 9 For aGod, whom I bserve in my spirit in the [preaching of the] gospel of His Son, is my witness [as to] how unceasingly cI make mention of you, 10 always in my prayers making request, if perhaps now at last by athe will of God I may succeed in coming to you. 11 For aI long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be Iestablished; 12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you [while] among you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine. 13 aI do not want you to be unaware, bbrethren, that often I chave planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some dfruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14 aI am Iunder obligation both to Greeks and to bbarbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. 15 So, for my part, I am eager to apreach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

[8] IOr concerning you all, that... a1Co 1:4; Ep 1:15f; Php 1:3f; Col 1:3f; 1Th 1:2; 2:13 bAc 28:22; Ro 16:19
[9] aRo 9:1 bAc 24:14; 2Ti 1:3 cEp 1:16; Php 1:3f
[10] aAc 18:21; Ro 15:32
[11] IOr strengthened aAc 19:21; Ro 15:23
[13] aRo 11:25; 1Co 10:1; 12:1; 2Co 1:8; 1Th 4:13 bAc 1:15; Ro 7:1; 1Co 1:10; 14:20, 26; Ga 3:15 cAc 19:21; Ro 15:22f dJn 4:36; 15:16; Php 1:22; Col 1:6
[14] ILit debtor a1Co 9:16 bAc 28:2
[15] aRo 15:20

16 ¶ For I am not aashamed of the gospel, for bit is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the cJew first and also to dthe Greek. 17 For in it a[the] righteousness of God is revealed Ifrom faith to faith; as it is written, “IIbBUT THE RIGHTEOUS [man] SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.”

[16] aMk 8:38; 2Ti 1:8, 12, 16 b1Co 1:18, 24 cAc 3:26; Ro 2:9 dJn 7:35
[17] IOr by IIOr But he who is righteous by faith shall live aRo 3:21; 9:30; Php 3:9 bHab 2:4; Ga 3:11; He 10:38

Unbelief and Its Consequences

18 ¶ For athe wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who bsuppress the truth Iin unrighteousness, 19 because athat which is known about God is evident Iwithin them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For asince the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, bbeing understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not Ihonor Him as God or give thanks, but they became afutile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 aProfessing to be wise, they became fools, 23 and aexchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and Icrawling creatures.

[18] IOr by aRo 5:9; Ep 5:6; Col 3:6 b2Th 2:6f
[19] IOr among aAc 14:17; 17:24ff
[20] aMk 10:6 bJb 12:7-9; Ps 19:1-6; Jr 5:21f
[21] ILit glorify a2K 17:15; Jr 2:5; Ep 4:17f
[22] aJr 10:14; 1Co 1:20
[23] IOr reptiles aDt 4:16-18; Ps 106:20; Jr 2:11; Ac 17:29

24 ¶ Therefore aGod gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be bdishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for Ia alie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, bwho is blessed IIforever. Amen.

[24] aRo 1:26, 28; Ep 4:19 bEp 2:3
[25] ILit the lie IILit unto the ages aIs 44:20; Jr 10:14; 13:25; 16:19 bRo 9:5; 2Co 11:31

26 ¶ For this reason aGod gave them over to bdegrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is Iunnatural, 27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, amen with men committing Iindecent acts and receiving in IItheir own persons the due penalty of their error.

[26] ILit against nature aRo 1:24 b1Th 4:5
[27] ILit the shameless deed IILit themselves aLv 18:22; 20:13; 1Co 6:9

28 ¶ And just as they did not see fit Ito acknowledge God any longer, aGod gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper, 29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; [they are] agossips, 30 slanderers, Iahaters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, bdisobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, aunloving, unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of adeath, they not only do the same, but also bgive hearty approval to those who practice them.

[28] ILit to have God in knowledge aRo 1:24
[29] a2Co 12:20
[30] IOr hateful to God aPs 5:5 b2Ti 3:2
[31] a2Ti 3:3
[32] aRo 6:21 bLk 11:48; Ac 8:1; 22:20


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Paul commendeth his calling to the Romans,

1 ¶ Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; 4 And declared [to be] the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: 5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name: 6 Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ: 7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called [to be] saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. 8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.

[1] Lv 20:24; Nu 16:9; Dt 10:8; 1Ch 23:13; Is 49:1; Jr 1:5; Mk 16:15; Lk 2:10; Jn 12:26; 13:14; 15:15, 20; Ac 9:15; 13:2, 9; 20:24; 21:40; 22:7, 13, 14, 21; 26:1, 14, 16; 27:23; Ro 1:5, 9, 16; 11:13; 15:16, 29; 16:18, 25; 1Co 1:1; 9:1, 16; 15:8; 2Co 1:1; 4:5; 11:5; 12:11; Ga 1:1, 10, 11, 15; Ep 1:1, 13; 3:5; 4:11; Php 1:1; 2:11; 3:6; Col 1:1, 25; 1Th 2:2; 2Th 2:13; 1Ti 1:1, 11, 15; 2:7; 2Ti 1:11; Tit 1:1; He 5:4; 7:26; Jm 1:1; 2P 1:1; Jde 1:1; Rv 1:1; 22:6, 9.
[2] Lk 24:26; Ac 10:43; 26:6; Ro 3:2, 21; Tit 1:2.
[3] Gn 3:15; 2S 7:12; Ps 2:7; 89:36; Is 9:6; Jr 23:5; 33:15, 26; Am 9:11; Mt 1:1, 6, 16, 20; 3:17; 9:27; 12:23; 15:22; 22:42; 26:63; 27:43; Lk 1:31, 35, 69; 2:4; Jn 1:14, 34, 49; 3:16, 35; 5:25; 7:42; 10:30, 36; 20:28, 31; Ac 2:30; 3:13; 8:37; 9:20; 13:22; Ro 1:9; 8:2, 3, 29; 9:5; 1Co 1:9; Ga 4:4; Col 1:13; 1Th 1:10; 1Ti 3:16; 2Ti 2:8; 1Jn 1:3; 3:8, 23; 4:2, 9, 15; 5:1, 5, 10, 20; 2Jn 1:7; Rv 2:18.
[4] Lk 18:31; 24:26; Jn 2:18; Ac 2:24, 32; 3:15; 4:10; 5:30; 13:33; 17:31; Ro 1:3; 2Co 13:4; Ep 1:19; He 5:5; 9:14; 1P 1:11; 2P 1:21; Rv 1:18; 19:10.
[5] Mal 1:11, 14; Jn 1:16; Ac 1:25; 6:7; 15:14; Ro 3:29; 12:3; 15:15, 18; 16:26; 1Co 9:2; 15:10; 2Co 3:5; 10:4; Ga 1:15; 2:8; Ep 1:6, 12; 3:2; 1Ti 1:11; He 5:9; 1P 2:9.
[6] Ro 8:28; 9:24; 1Co 1:9; Ga 1:6; Ep 1:11; Col 1:6, 21; 1Th 2:12; 2Th 2:14; 2Ti 1:9; He 3:1; 1P 2:9, 21; 2P 1:10; Rv 17:14.
[7] Dt 33:12; Ps 60:5; So 5:1; Mt 5:16; 6:8; Jn 20:17; Ac 7:59; 15:23; Ro 1:6; 5:1; 9:25; 1Co 1:2, 3; 16:23; 2Co 1:1, 2; 12:8; 13:14; Ga 1:3, 4; 6:18; Ep 1:2; 6:23; Php 1:1, 2; 4:13, 20, 23; Col 1:2; 3:12, 15; 1Th 1:1, 3; 3:11; 4:7; 5:28; 2Th 1:1, 2; 2:16; 3:16, 18; 1Ti 1:2; 6:2; 2Ti 1:2; 4:22; Tit 1:4; Phm 1:3, 25; Jm 1:1; 1P 1:1, 2, 15; 2P 1:2, 3; 1Jn 3:1; 2Jn 1:3; Jde 1:1, 2; Rv 1:4; 2:1, 8, 12, 18, 29; 3:1, 7, 14, 22; 22:21.
[8] Mt 24:14; Lk 2:1; Ac 11:28; Ro 6:17; 16:19; Ep 3:21; 5:20; Php 1:11; 1Th 1:8; He 13:15; 1P 2:5; 4:11.

and his desire to come to them.

9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers; 10 Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you. 11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established; 12 That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me. 13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles. 14 I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise. 15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also.

[9] 1S 12:23; Jb 16:19; Mk 1:1; Lk 18:1; Jn 4:23; Ac 3:26; 12:5; 19:21; 27:23; Ro 9:1; 1Co 14:14; 2Co 1:23; 11:10, 31; Ga 1:20; Ep 1:16; 3:14; 6:18; Php 1:4, 8, 9; 2:22; 3:3; Col 1:9, 28; 1Th 1:2; 2:5; 3:10; 5:17; 1Ti 2:7; 2Ti 1:3; Phm 1:4; 1Jn 5:9.
[10] Ac 18:21; 19:21; 21:14; 27:1; Ro 15:22, 30; 1Co 4:19; Php 4:6; 1Th 2:18; 3:10; Phm 1:22; He 13:19; Jm 4:15.
[11] Gn 31:30; 2S 13:39; 23:15; 2Ch 20:20; Ac 8:15; 16:5; 19:6; Ro 15:23, 29, 32; 16:25; 1Co 12:1; 2Co 1:21; 9:14; 11:4; Ga 3:2; Ep 4:8; Php 1:8; 2:26; 4:1; 1Th 3:2, 13; 2Th 2:17; 3:3; He 13:9; 1P 5:10, 12; 2P 1:12; 3:17.
[12] Ac 11:23; Ro 15:24, 32; 2Co 2:1; 7:4, 13; Ep 4:5; 1Th 2:17; 3:7; 2Ti 1:4; Tit 1:4; 2P 1:1; 2Jn 1:4; 3Jn 1:3; Jde 1:3.
[13] Is 27:6; Jn 4:36; 12:24; 15:16; Ac 14:27; 15:12; 16:6; 19:21; 21:19; Ro 11:25; 15:18, 22, 23; 1Co 9:2; 10:1; 12:1; 2Co 1:8, 15; 2:14; 10:13; Php 4:17; Col 1:6; 1Th 1:8, 9; 2:13, 18; 4:13; 2Th 2:7; 2Ti 4:17.
[14] Pv 1:22; 8:5; Is 35:8; Mt 11:25; Lk 10:21; Ac 9:15; 13:2; 22:21; 26:17; 28:4; Ro 1:22; 8:12; 11:25; 12:16; 13:8; 16:19; 1Co 1:19; 2:13; 3:18; 9:16; 14:11, 16, 23; 2Co 10:12; 11:19; Ep 5:15; Col 3:11; 2Ti 2:10; Tit 3:3; Jm 3:17.
[15] 1K 8:18; Is 6:8; Mt 9:38; Mk 14:8; Jn 4:34; Ac 21:13; Ro 12:18; 1Co 9:17; 2Co 8:12; 10:15.

What his gospel is, and the righteousness which it sheweth.

16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

[16] Ps 40:9; 71:15; 110:2; 119:46; Is 53:1; Jr 23:29; Mk 8:38; Lk 2:10; 9:26; Ro 2:9; 4:11; 10:17; 15:19, 29; 1Co 1:18; 2:2, 4; 9:12, 18; 14:24; 15:2; 2Co 2:12, 14; 4:4; 9:13; 10:4; Ga 1:7; Col 1:5; 1Th 1:5; 2:13; 1Ti 1:11; 2Ti 1:8, 12, 16; He 4:12; 1P 4:16.
[17] Hab 2:4; Jn 3:36; Ro 3:3, 21; Ga 3:11; Php 3:9; He 10:38; 11:6.

God is angry with all manner of sin.

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed [it] unto them. 20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:

[18] Lk 12:46; Jn 3:19; Ac 24:24; Ro 1:19, 28, 32; 2:3, 15; 4:15; 5:6; 6:13; 2Th 2:10; 1Ti 4:1.
[19] Ps 19:1; Is 40:26; Jr 10:10; Jn 1:9; Ac 14:16; 17:23; Ro 1:20.
[20] Gn 21:33; Dt 4:19; 33:27; Jb 31:26; Ps 8:3; 33:6; 90:2; 104:5, 31; 119:90; 139:13; 148:8; Is 9:6; 26:4; 40:26; Mt 5:45; Jn 1:18; 15:22; Ac 17:29; 22:1; Ro 1:19; 2:1, 15; 16:26; Col 1:15; 2:9; 1Ti 1:17; 6:16; He 9:14; 11:27.

What were the sins of the Gentiles.

21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, 23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. 24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: 25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. 26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: 27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet. 28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; 29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: 32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

[21] Gn 6:5; 8:21; Dt 28:29; 2K 17:15; Ps 50:23; 81:12; 86:9; Ec 7:29; Is 44:9; 60:2; Jr 2:5; 10:3, 14; 16:19; Ho 2:8; Hab 1:15; Lk 17:15; Jn 3:19; Ac 26:18; Ro 1:19, 28; 11:10; 15:9; Ep 4:17; 2Ti 3:2; 1P 1:18; 2:9; Rv 14:7; 15:4.
[22] Pv 25:14; 26:12; Is 47:10; Jr 8:8; 10:14; Mt 6:23; Ro 11:25; 1Co 1:19; 3:18.
[23] Dt 4:15; 5:8; Ps 106:20; 115:5; 135:15; Is 40:18, 26; 44:13; Jr 2:11; Ezk 8:10; Ac 17:29; Ro 1:25; 1Co 12:2; 1P 4:3; Rv 9:20.
[24] Lv 18:22; Ps 81:11; Ho 4:17; Mt 15:14; Ac 7:42; 14:16; 17:29; Ro 1:27; 6:12; 1Co 6:13, 18; Ep 4:18; 1Th 4:4; 2Th 2:10; 2Ti 2:20.
[25] Ps 72:19; 145:1; Is 44:20; Jr 10:14; 13:25; 16:19; Am 2:4; Hab 2:18; Mt 6:24; 10:37; Jn 2:8; Ro 1:18, 23; 9:5; 2Co 11:31; Ep 3:21; 1Th 1:9; 1Ti 1:11, 17; 2Ti 3:4; 1Jn 2:15; 5:20.
[26] Gn 19:5; Lv 18:22; Dt 23:17; Jg 19:22; Ro 1:24; 1Co 6:9; Ep 4:19; 5:12; 1Ti 1:10; Jde 1:7, 10.
[27] Ro 1:23.
[28] Jb 21:14; Pv 1:7, 22, 29; 5:12; 17:16; Jr 4:22; 6:30; 9:6; Ho 4:6; Ac 17:23, 32; Ro 1:18, 21; 8:7; 1Co 15:34; 2Co 4:4; 10:5; 13:5; Ep 5:4; 2Th 1:8; 2:10; 2Ti 3:8; Tit 1:16; Phm 1:8; 2P 3:5.
[29] Ps 41:7; Pv 16:28; 26:20; Ro 3:10; 2Co 12:20.
[30] Nu 10:35; Dt 7:10; 21:18; 27:16; 1K 20:11; 2Ch 19:2; 25:19; Ps 10:3; 49:6; 52:1; 81:15; 94:4; 97:7; 99:8; 106:39; Pv 8:36; 25:23; 30:17; Ec 7:29; Ezk 22:7; Mt 15:4; 16:21; Lk 21:16; Jn 7:7; 15:23; Ac 5:36; Ro 2:17, 23; 3:27; 8:7; 2Co 10:15; 2Th 2:4; 2Ti 3:2; Tit 3:3; Jm 3:5; 4:16; 2P 2:18; Jde 1:16.
[31] 2K 18:14; Pv 18:2; Is 27:11; 33:8; Jr 4:22; Mt 15:16; Ro 1:20; 3:11; 2Ti 3:3.
[32] Ps 50:18; Ho 7:3; Mk 14:10; Ro 1:18, 21; 2:1, 21; 6:21.


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