Romans 1:3 [study!]
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) 
concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
concerning his Son (come of David's seed according to flesh,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
Concerning his Son,who came to be of the seed of David, according to flesh,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
concerning His Son, (who is come of the seed of David according to the flesh,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
Concerning his Son, who was made to him of the seed of David, according to the flesh,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) 
Concerning his Sonne Iesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of Dauid according to the flesh,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
concerning his Son, who was born, according to the flesh, of the seed of the house of David,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
concerning his Son, (who was born in the flesh, of seed of the house of David,
From the base of G4008
; properly through
), that is, around
; figuratively with respect
to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject
point; with the accusative case the locality
or general period
From the particle αὖ
[[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109
through the idea of a baffling
); the reflexive pronoun self
, used (alone or in the compound of G1438
) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Contraction for G1438
(in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
Of Hebrew origin [H3091
(that is, Jehoshua
), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
, that is, the Messiah
, an epithet of Jesus.
Genitive plural of G1473
in authority, that is, (as noun) controller
; by implication Mr
. (as a respectful title).
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the
(sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be
('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become
(come into being
), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788
Mood - Participle (See G5796
Count - 137
A primary preposition denoting origin
(the point whence
motion or action proceeds), from
(of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
; somethng sown
, that is, seed
(including the male 'sperm'); by implication offspring
; specifically a remnant
(figuratively as if kept over for planting).
Of Hebrew origin [H1732
(that is, David
), the Israelite king.
A primary particle; (preposition) down
(in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to the flesh;
Probably from the base of G4563
of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat
of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body
(as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature
(with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being
_ _ Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord the grand burden of this “Gospel of God.”
_ _ made of the seed of David as, according to “the holy scriptures,” He behooved to be. (See on Matthew 1:1).
_ _ according to the flesh that is, in His human nature (compare Romans 9:5; John 1:14); implying, of course, that He had another nature, of which the apostle immediately proceeds to speak.
Who was of the seed of David according to the flesh That is, with regard to his human nature. Both the natures of our Saviour are here mentioned; but the human is mentioned first, because the divine was not manifested in its full evidence till after his resurrection.
(3) Concerning his (d) Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was (e) made of the seed of David (f) according to the flesh;
(3) By declaring the sum of the doctrine of the Gospel, he stirs up the Romans to consider well the matter about which he is entreating them: so then he shows that Christ (who is the very substance and sum of the gospel) is the only Son of God the Father, who with regard to his humanity is born of the seed of David, but with regard to his divine and spiritual nature, by which he sanctified himself, is begotten of the Father from everlasting, as also manifestly appears by his mighty resurrection.
(d) This is a plain testimony of the person of Christ, that he is but one, and also a testimony of his two natures, and their properties.
(e) Who received flesh from the virgin who was David's daughter.
(f) As he is man: for this word "flesh", by the figure of speech synecdoche, is taken for man.
- his Son:
Romans 1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;
Romans 8:2-3 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. ... For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Romans 8:29-32 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. ... He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
Psalms 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou [art] my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
Matthew 3:17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 26:63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.
Matthew 27:43 He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.
Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
John 1:34 And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.
John 1:49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel.
John 3:16-18 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. ... He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 3:35-36 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand. ... He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.
John 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.
John 10:30 I and [my] Father are one.
John 10:36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?
John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
John 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
Acts 3:13 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let [him] go.
Acts 8:37 And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
Acts 9:20 And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.
1 Corinthians 1:9 God [is] faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Colossians 1:13-15 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated [us] into the kingdom of his dear Son: ... Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
1 Thessalonians 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, [even] Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.
1 John 1:3 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.
1 John 3:8 He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.
1 John 3:23 And this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment.
1 John 4:9-10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. ... Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.
1 John 4:15 Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God.
1 John 5:1 Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of God: and every one that loveth him that begat loveth him also that is begotten of him.
1 John 5:5 Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God?
1 John 5:10-13 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. ... These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.
Revelation 2:18 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet [are] like fine brass;
2 Samuel 7:12-16 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. ... And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
Psalms 89:36-37 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. ... It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Jeremiah 33:15-17 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land. ... For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;
Jeremiah 33:26 Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, [so] that I will not take [any] of his seed [to be] rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.
Amos 9:11 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old:
Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Matthew 1:6 And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her [that had been the wife] of Urias;
Matthew 1:16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
Matthew 1:20-23 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. ... Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Matthew 9:27 And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, crying, and saying, [Thou] Son of David, have mercy on us.
Matthew 12:23 And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David?
Matthew 15:22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, [thou] Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.
Matthew 22:42-45 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, [The Son] of David. ... If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
Luke 1:31-33 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. ... And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
Luke 1:69 And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;
Luke 2:4-6 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) ... And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered.
John 7:42 Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?
Acts 2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
Acts 13:22-23 And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the [son] of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will. ... Of this man's seed hath God according to [his] promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus:
2 Timothy 2:8 Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel:
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Romans 9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
1 John 4:2-3 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: ... And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that [spirit] of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
2 John 1:7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.
Gn 3:15. 2S 7:12. Ps 2:7; 89:36. Is 9:6. Jr 23:5; 33:15, 26. Am 9:11. Mt 1:1, 6, 16, 20; 3:17; 9:27; 12:23; 15:22; 22:42; 26:63; 27:43. Lk 1:31, 35, 69; 2:4. Jn 1:14, 34, 49; 3:16, 35; 5:25; 7:42; 10:30, 36; 20:28, 31. Ac 2:30; 3:13; 8:37; 9:20; 13:22. Ro 1:9; 8:2, 3, 29; 9:5. 1Co 1:9. Ga 4:4. Col 1:13. 1Th 1:10. 1Ti 3:16. 2Ti 2:8. 1Jn 1:3; 3:8, 23; 4:2, 9, 15; 5:1, 5, 10, 20. 2Jn 1:7. Rv 2:18.
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