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Romans 1:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— through whom we received grace and apostleship, unto obedience of faith among all the nations, for his name's sake;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about [the] obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name’s sake,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By whom we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for his name:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— by whom we have received grace and apostleship in behalf of his name, for obedience of faith among all the nations,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Through whom we have received favour and apostleship, for obedience of faith among all the nations, in behalf of his name,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— through whom we did receive grace and apostleship, for obedience of faith among all the nations, in behalf of his name;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By whom we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith, in all nations, for his name:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By whom we haue receiued grace and Apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for his Name,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— by whom we have received grace and apostleship among all nations, that they should become obedient unto the faith of his name:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— by whom we have received grace, and a mission among all the Gentiles, to the end that they may obey the faith in his name;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
we have received 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
apostleship, 651
{0651} Prime
ἀποστολή
apostole
{ap-os-tol-ay'}
From G0649; commission, that is, (specifically) apostolate.
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
obedience y5218
[5218] Standard
ὑπακοή
hupakoe
{hoop-ak-o-ay'}
From G5219; attentive hearkening, that is, (by implication) compliance or submission.
x5219
(5219) Complement
ὑπακούω
hupakouo
{hoop-ak-oo'-o}
From G5259 and G0191; to hear under (as a subordinate), that is, to listen attentively; by implication to heed or conform to a command or authority.
to the faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
nations, 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
name: 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 1:5

_ _ By whom — as the ordained channel.

_ _ we have received grace — the whole “grace that bringeth salvation” (Titus 2:11).

_ _ and apostleship — for the publication of that “grace,” and the organization of as many as receive it into churches of visible discipleship. (We prefer thus taking them as two distinct things, and not, with some good interpreters, as one — “the grace of apostleship”).

_ _ for obedience to the faith — rather, “for the obedience of faith” — that is, in order to men’s yielding themselves to the belief of God’s saving message, which is the highest of all obedience.

_ _ for his name — that He might be glorified.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 1:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 1:5

By whom we have received — I and the other apostles. Grace and apostleship — The favour to be an apostle, and qualifications for it. For obedience to the faith in all nations — That is, that all nations may embrace the faith of Christ. For his name — For his sake; out of regard to him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 1:5

(i) By whom we have received (k) grace and apostleship, for (l) obedience to the faith (m) among all nations, for his name:

(i) Of whom.

(k) This marvellous, liberal, and gracious gift, which is given to me, the least of all the saints, to preach, etc.; see (Ephesians 3:8).

(l) That men through faith might obey God.

(m) For his name's sake.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we have:

Romans 12:3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think [of himself] more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.
Romans 15:15-16 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the more boldly unto you in some sort, as putting you in mind, because of the grace that is given to me of God, ... That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
John 1:16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace.
1 Corinthians 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
2 Corinthians 3:5-6 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency [is] of God; ... Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
Galatians 1:15-16 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace, ... To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:
Ephesians 3:2-9 If ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward: ... And to make all [men] see what [is] the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
1 Timothy 1:11-12 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust. ... And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;

apostleship:

Acts 1:25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
1 Corinthians 9:2 If I be not an apostle unto others, yet doubtless I am to you: for the seal of mine apostleship are ye in the Lord.
Galatians 2:8-9 (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:) ... And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.

for obedience to the faith:
or, to the obedience of faith,
Romans 15:18-19 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed, ... Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
Acts 6:7 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith.
2 Corinthians 10:4-6 (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) ... And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled.
Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;

among:

Romans 3:29 [Is he] the God of the Jews only? [is he] not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:

for his name:

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name [shall be] great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense [shall be] offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name [shall be] great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 1:14 But cursed [be] the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I [am] a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name [is] dreadful among the heathen.
Acts 15:14 Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name.
Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
Ephesians 1:12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.
1 Peter 2:9-10 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: ... Which in time past [were] not a people, but [are] now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mal 1:11, 14. Jn 1:16. Ac 1:25; 6:7; 15:14. Ro 3:29; 12:3; 15:15, 18; 16:26. 1Co 9:2; 15:10. 2Co 3:5; 10:4. Ga 1:15; 2:8. Ep 1:6, 12; 3:2. 1Ti 1:11. He 5:9. 1P 2:9.

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