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Romans 1:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of his Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you, always in my prayers
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For God, whom I serve in my spirit in the [preaching of the] gospel of His Son, is my witness [as to] how unceasingly I make mention of you,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the glad tidings of his Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For God is, my witness,—unto whom I am rendering divine service in my spirit, in the glad message of his Son,—how incessantly, I am making mention of you
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the good news of His Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make a commemoration of you:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For God is my witnesse, whom I serue with my spirit in the Gospel of his Sonne, that without ceasing I make mention of you, alwayes in my prayers,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For a witness unto me is Aloha, whom I serve in the spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing at all time I remember you in my prayers.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And God, whom in spirit I serve in the gospel of his Son, is my witness, that I unceasingly make mention of you, at all times, in my prayers.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
witness, 3144
{3144} Prime
μάρτυς
martus
{mar'-toos}
Of uncertain affinity; a witness (literally [judicially] or figuratively [generally]); by analogy a 'martyr'.
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
I serve 3000
{3000} Prime
λατρεύω
latreuo
{lat-ryoo'-o}
From λάτρις [[latris]] (a hired menial); to minister (to God), that is, render religious homage.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gospel 2098
{2098} Prime
εὐαγγέλιον
euaggelion
{yoo-ang-ghel'-ee-on}
From the same as G2097; a good message, that is, the gospel.
of his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
Son, 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
that 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
without ceasing 89
{0089} Prime
ἀδιαλείπτως
adialeiptos
{ad-ee-al-ipe'-toce}
Adverb from G0088; uninterruptedly, that is, without omission (on an appropriate occasion).
I make 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5731
<5731> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 69
mention 3417
{3417} Prime
μνεία
mneia
{mni'-ah}
From G3415 or G3403; recollection; by implication recital.
of you 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
always 3842
{3842} Prime
πάντοτε
pantote
{pan'-tot-eh}
From G3956 and G3753; every when, that is, at all times.
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
prayers; 4335
{4335} Prime
προσευχή
proseuche
{pros-yoo-khay'}
From G4336; prayer (worship); by implication an oratory (chapel).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 1:9

_ _ For God ... whom I serve — the word denotes religious service.

_ _ with my spirit — from my inmost soul.

_ _ in the gospel of his Son — to which Paul’s whole religious life and official activity were consecrated.

_ _ is my witness, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers — so for the Ephesians (Ephesians 1:15, Ephesians 1:16); so for the Philippians (Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:4); so for the Colossians (Colossians 1:3, Colossians 1:4); so for the Thessalonians (1 Thessalonians 1:2, 1 Thessalonians 1:3). What catholic love, what all-absorbing spirituality, what impassioned devotion to the glory of Christ among men!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 1:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 1:9

God, whom I serve — As an apostle. In my spirit — Not only with my body, but with my inmost soul. In the gospel — By preaching it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 1:9

For God is my witness, whom I serve with my (r) spirit in the (s) gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;

(r) Very willingly and with all my heart.

(s) In preaching his Son.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Romans 9:1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,
Job 16:19 Also now, behold, my witness [is] in heaven, and my record [is] on high.
2 Corinthians 1:23 Moreover I call God for a record upon my soul, that to spare you I came not as yet unto Corinth.
2 Corinthians 11:10-11 As the truth of Christ is in me, no man shall stop me of this boasting in the regions of Achaia. ... Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth.
2 Corinthians 11:31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.
Galatians 1:20 Now the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not.
Philippians 1:8 For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.
1 Thessalonians 2:5-10 For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God [is] witness: ... Ye [are] witnesses, and God [also], how holily and justly and unblameably we behaved ourselves among you that believe:
1 Timothy 2:7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, [and] lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.

whom:

Acts 27:23 For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve,
Philippians 2:22 But ye know the proof of him, that, as a son with the father, he hath served with me in the gospel.
Colossians 1:28-29 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus: ... Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily.
2 Timothy 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve from [my] forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;

with:
or, in,
John 4:23-24 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. ... God [is] a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship [him] in spirit and in truth.
Acts 19:21 After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome.
1 Corinthians 14:14-15 For if I pray in an [unknown] tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful. ... What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.
Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

the:

Mark 1:1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;
Acts 3:26 Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities.
1 John 5:9-12 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son. ... He that hath the Son hath life; [and] he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.

that:

1 Samuel 12:23 Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right way:
Luke 18:1 And he spake a parable unto them [to this end], that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;
Acts 12:5 Peter therefore was kept in prison: but prayer was made without ceasing of the church unto God for him.
Ephesians 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
1 Thessalonians 3:10 Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith?
1 Thessalonians 5:17 Pray without ceasing.
2 Timothy 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve from [my] forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;

I make:

Ephesians 1:16-19 Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers; ... And what [is] the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,
Ephesians 3:14-21 For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, ... Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.
Philippians 1:4 Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request with joy,
Philippians 1:9-11 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment; ... Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.
Colossians 1:9-13 For this cause we also, since the day we heard [it], do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding; ... Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated [us] into the kingdom of his dear Son:
1 Thessalonians 1:2 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers;
Philemon 1:4 I thank my God, making mention of thee always in my prayers,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 12:23. Jb 16:19. Mk 1:1. Lk 18:1. Jn 4:23. Ac 3:26; 12:5; 19:21; 27:23. Ro 9:1. 1Co 14:14. 2Co 1:23; 11:10, 31. Ga 1:20. Ep 1:16; 3:14; 6:18. Php 1:4, 8, 9; 2:22; 3:3. Col 1:9, 28. 1Th 1:2; 2:5; 3:10; 5:17. 1Ti 2:7. 2Ti 1:3. Phm 1:4. 1Jn 5:9.

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