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Romans 1:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— which he promised afore through his prophets in the holy scriptures,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— (Which he had promised before by his prophets in the holy scriptures)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (which he had before promised by his prophets in holy writings,)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Which he promised beforehand, through his prophets, in holy scriptures—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— which He announced before through His prophets in holy writings—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which he had promised before, by his prophets, in the holy scriptures,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— (Which he had promised afore by his Prophets in the holy Scriptures,)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— which from of old he had promised by the hand of the prophets, in the holy writings,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— (which he had before promised, by his prophets, in the holy scriptures,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
(Which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
he had promised afore 4279
{4279} Prime
προεπαγγέλλομαι
proepaggellomai
{pro-ep-ang-ghel'-lom-ahee}
Middle voice from G4253 and G1861; to promise of old.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
prophets 4396
{4396} Prime
προφήτης
prophetes
{prof-ay'-tace}
From a compound of G4253 and G5346; a foreteller ('prophet'); by analogy an inspired speaker; by extension a poet.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
scriptures,) 1124
{1124} Prime
γραφή
graphe
{graf-ay'}
From G1125; a document, that is, holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 1:2

_ _ Which he had promised afore ... in the holy scriptures — Though the Roman Church was Gentile by nation (see on Romans 1:13), yet as it consisted mostly of proselytes to the Jewish faith (see on Introduction to this Epistle), they are here reminded that in embracing Christ they had not cast off, but only the more profoundly yielded themselves to, Moses and the prophets (Acts 13:32, Acts 13:33).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 1:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 1:2

Which he promised before — Of old time, frequently, solemnly. And the promise and accomplishment confirm each other. Deuteronomy 18:18; Isaiah 9:6-7; Isaiah 53:1; Isaiah 61:1; Jeremiah 23:5.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Which:

Luke 24:26-27 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? ... And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
Acts 10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.
Acts 26:6 And now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made of God unto our fathers:
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;

by:

Romans 3:21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

the holy:

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lk 24:26. Ac 10:43; 26:6. Ro 3:2, 21. Tit 1:2.

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