NASB — Galatians 4 — KJV

Sonship in Christ

1 Now I say, as long as the heir is a Ichild, he does not differ at all from a slave although he is IIowner of everything, 2 but he is under guardians and Imanagers until the date set by the father. 3 So also we, while we were children, were held ain bondage under the Ibelemental things of the world. 4 But when athe fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, bborn of a woman, born cunder Ithe Law, 5 so that He might redeem those who were under Ithe Law, that we might receive the adoption as asons. 6 Because you are sons, aGod has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, “bAbba! Father!” 7 Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and aif a son, then an heir Ithrough God.

[1] IOr minor IILit lord
[2] IOr stewards
[3] IOr rudimentary teachings or principles aGa 2:4; 4:8f, 24f bGa 4:9; Col 2:8, 20; He 5:12
[4] IOr law aMk 1:15 bJn 1:14; Ro 1:3; 8:3; Php 2:7 cLk 2:21f, 27
[5] IOr law aRo 8:14; Ga 3:26
[6] aAc 16:7; Ro 5:5; 8:9, 16; 2Co 3:17 bMk 14:36; Ro 8:15
[7] II.e. through the gracious act of aRo 8:17

8 ¶ However at that time, awhen you did not know God, you were bslaves to cthose which by nature are no gods. 9 But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be aknown by God, bhow is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless Icelemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again? 10 You aobserve days and months and seasons and years. 11 I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored Iover you in vain.

[8] a1Co 1:21; Ep 2:12; 1Th 4:5; 2Th 1:8 bGa 4:3 c2Ch 13:9; Is 37:19; Jr 2:11; 1Co 8:4f; 10:20
[9] IOr rudimentary teachings or principles a1Co 8:3 bCol 2:20 cGa 4:3
[10] aRo 14:5; Col 2:16
[11] IOr for

12 ¶ I beg of you, abrethren, bbecome as I [am], for I also [have become] as you [are]. You have done me no wrong; 13 but you know that it was because of a Ibodily illness that I preached the gospel to you the IIfirst time; 14 and that which was a Itrial to you in my IIbodily condition you did not despise or IIIloathe, but ayou received me as an angel of God, as bChrist Jesus [Himself]. 15 Where then is Ithat sense of blessing you had? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me. 16 So have I become your enemy aby Itelling you the truth? 17 They eagerly seek you, not commendably, but they wish to shut you out so that you will seek them. 18 But it is good always to be eagerly sought in a commendable Imanner, and anot only when I am present with you. 19 aMy children, with whom bI am again in labor until cChrist is formed in you— 20 but I could wish to be present with you now and to change my tone, for aI am perplexed about you.

[12] aGa 6:18 b2Co 6:11, 13
[13] ILit weakness of the flesh IIOr former
[14] IOr temptation IILit flesh IIILit spit out at aMt 10:40; 1Th 2:13 bGa 3:26
[15] ILit the congratulation of yourselves
[16] IOr dealing truthfully with you aAm 5:10
[18] IOr thing aGa 4:13f
[19] a1 Jn 2:1 b1Co 4:15 cEp 4:13
[20] a2Co 4:8

Bond and Free

21 ¶ Tell me, you who want to be under law, do you not alisten to the law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, aone by the bondwoman and bone by the free woman. 23 But athe son by the bondwoman Iwas born according to the flesh, and bthe son by the free woman through the promise. 24 IaThis is allegorically speaking, for these [women] are two covenants: one [proceeding] from bMount Sinai bearing children IIwho are to be cslaves; IIIshe is Hagar. 25 Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But athe Jerusalem above is free; Ishe is our mother. 27 For it is written,
  “aREJOICE, BARREN WOMAN WHO DOES NOT BEAR;
  BREAK FORTH AND SHOUT, YOU WHO ARE NOT IN LABOR;
  FOR MORE NUMEROUS ARE THE CHILDREN OF THE DESOLATE
  THAN OF THE ONE WHO HAS A HUSBAND.”
28 And you brethren, alike Isaac, are bchildren of promise. 29 But as at that time ahe who was born according to the flesh bpersecuted him [who was born] according to the Spirit, cso it is now also. 30 But what does the Scripture say?
  “aCAST OUT THE BONDWOMAN AND HER SON,
  FOR bTHE SON OF THE BONDWOMAN SHALL NOT BE AN HEIR WITH THE SON OF THE FREE WOMAN.”
31 So then, brethren, we are not children of a bondwoman, Ibut of the free woman.

[21] aLk 16:29
[22] aGn 16:15 bGn 21:2
[23] ILit has been born aRo 9:7; Ga 4:29 bGn 17:16ff; 18:10ff; 21:1; Ga 4:28; He 11:11
[24] ILit Which IILit into slavery IIILit which a1Co 10:11 bDt 33:2 cGa 4:3
[26] ILit which aHe 12:22; Rv 3:12; 21:2, 10
[27] aIs 54:1
[28] aGa 4:23 bRo 9:7ff; Ga 3:29
[29] aGa 4:23 bGn 21:9 cGa 5:11
[30] aGn 21:10, 12 bJn 8:35
[31] IV 5:1, note 1


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We were under the Law till Christ came, as the heir is under his guardian till he be of age.

1 ¶ Now I say, [That] the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: 4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

[1] Gn 24:2; 2K 10:1; 11:12; 12:2; Ga 4:23, 29.
[3] Mt 11:28; Jn 8:31; Ac 15:10; Ro 8:15; Ga 2:4; 3:19, 23, 24; 4:9, 25, 31; 5:1; Col 2:8, 20; He 7:16.
[4] Gn 3:15; 49:10; Is 7:14; 9:6; 48:16; Jr 31:22; Dn 9:24; Mi 5:2, 3; Zc 2:8; 6:12; Mal 3:1; Mt 1:23; 3:15; 5:17; Mk 1:15; Lk 1:31, 35; 2:7, 10, 21; Jn 1:14; 3:16; 6:38; 8:42; 10:36; Ac 1:7; Ro 1:3; 9:5; 15:8; Ep 1:10; Php 2:6; Col 2:14; 1Ti 3:16; He 2:14; 9:10; 10:5; 1Jn 4:2, 9, 14.

But Christ freed us from the Law:

5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. 6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

[5] Mt 20:28; Lk 1:68; Jn 1:12; Ac 20:28; Ro 8:19, 23; 9:4; Ga 3:13, 26; 4:7, 21; Ep 1:5, 7; 5:2; Col 1:13; Tit 2:14; He 1:3; 9:12, 15; 1P 1:18; 3:18; Rv 5:9; 14:3.
[6] Is 44:3; Jr 3:4, 19; Mt 6:6; Lk 11:2, 13; Jn 3:34; 7:39; 14:16; 15:26; 16:7; Ro 5:5; 8:9, 15, 26; 1Co 15:45; 2Co 1:22; Ep 1:13; 2:18; 4:30; 6:18; Php 1:19; He 4:14; 1P 1:11; Jde 1:20; Rv 19:10.

therefore we are servants no longer to it.

7 Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. 8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. 9 But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? 10 Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. 11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain. 12 Brethren, I beseech you, be as I [am]; for I [am] as ye [are]: ye have not injured me at all. 13 Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.

[7] Gn 15:1; 17:7; Ps 16:5; 73:26; Jr 10:16; 31:33; 32:38; Lm 3:24; Ro 8:16; 1Co 3:21; 2Co 6:16; Ga 3:26, 29; 4:1, 5, 31; 5:1; Rv 21:7.
[8] Ex 5:2; Jsh 24:2, 15; Ps 115:4; 135:15; Is 44:9; Jr 10:3, 25; Jn 1:10; Ac 14:12; 17:23, 29, 30; Ro 1:23, 28; 1Co 1:21; 8:4; 10:19; 12:2; Ep 2:11; 4:18; 1Th 1:9; 4:5; 2Th 1:8; 1P 4:3; 1Jn 3:1.
[9] Ex 33:17; 1K 8:43; 1Ch 28:9; Ps 1:6; 9:10; Pv 2:5; Jr 31:34; Hab 2:14; Mt 11:27; Jn 10:14, 27; 17:3; Ro 8:3, 29; 1Co 8:3; 13:12; 15:34; 2Co 4:6; Ga 3:3; 4:3; Ep 1:17; Col 2:20; 2Ti 2:19; He 7:18; 10:38; 2P 2:20; 1Jn 2:3; 5:20.
[10] Lv 23:1; 25:1, 13; Nu 28:1; Ro 14:5; Col 2:16.
[11] Is 49:4; Ac 16:6; 1Co 15:58; 2Co 11:2; 12:20; Ga 2:2; 4:20; 5:2; Php 2:16; 1Th 3:5; 2Jn 1:8.
[12] Gn 34:15; 1K 22:4; Ac 21:21; 1Co 9:20; 2Co 2:5; Ga 2:14; 6:14; Php 3:7.
[13] Ac 16:6; 1Co 2:3; 2Co 10:10; 11:6, 30; 12:7; 13:4; Ga 1:6.

He remembereth their good will to him, and his to them,

14 And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, [even] as Christ Jesus. 15 Where is then the blessedness ye spake of? for I bear you record, that, if [it had been] possible, ye would have plucked out your own eyes, and have given them to me. 16 Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth? 17 They zealously affect you, [but] not well; yea, they would exclude you, that ye might affect them. 18 But [it is] good to be zealously affected always in [a] good [thing], and not only when I am present with you. 19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you, 20 I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I stand in doubt of you. 21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?

[14] 2S 14:17; 19:27; Jb 12:5; Ps 119:141; Ec 9:16; Is 53:2; Zc 12:8; Mal 2:7; Mt 10:40; 18:5; 25:40; Lk 10:16; Jn 13:20; 1Co 1:28; 4:10; 2Co 5:20; Ga 4:13; 1Th 2:13; 4:8; He 13:2.
[15] Lk 8:13; Ro 4:6; 5:2; 9:3; 10:2; 15:13; 2Co 8:3; Ga 3:14; 4:19; 5:22; 6:4; Col 4:13; 1Th 2:8; 5:13; 1Jn 3:16.
[16] 1K 18:17; 21:20; 22:8, 27; 2Ch 24:20; 25:16; Ps 141:5; Pv 9:8; Jn 7:7; 8:45; Ga 2:5, 14; 3:1; 5:7.
[17] Mt 23:15; Ro 10:2; 16:18; 1Co 4:8, 18; 11:2; 2Co 11:3, 13; Ga 6:12; Php 2:21; 2P 2:3, 18.
[18] Nu 25:11; Ps 69:9; 119:139; Is 59:17; Jn 2:17; 1Co 15:58; Ga 4:20; Php 1:27; 2:12; Tit 2:14; Rv 3:19.
[19] Nu 11:11; Is 53:11; Lk 22:44; Ro 8:29; 13:14; 1Co 4:14; Ep 4:24; Php 1:8; 2:5, 17; Col 1:27; 2:1; 3:10; 4:12; 1Ti 1:2; Tit 1:4; Phm 1:10, 19; He 5:7; Jm 1:18; 1Jn 2:1, 12; 5:21; Rv 12:1.
[20] 1Co 4:19; Ga 4:11; 1Th 2:17; 3:9.
[21] Mt 21:42; 22:29; Jn 5:46; 10:34; 12:34; 15:25; Ro 3:19; 6:14; 7:5; 9:30; 10:3; Ga 3:10, 23; 4:9.

and sheweth that we are the sons of Abraham by the freewoman.

22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. 23 But he [who was] of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman [was] by promise. 24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. 25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. 26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. 27 For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband. 28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. 29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him [that was born] after the Spirit, even so [it is] now. 30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. 31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

[22] Gn 16:2, 15; 21:1, 10.
[23] Gn 17:15; 18:10; 21:1; Ro 4:18; 9:7; 10:8; He 11:11.
[24] Gn 16:3, 8, 15; 21:9; 25:12; Ezk 20:49; Ho 11:10; Mt 13:35; Lk 22:19; Ro 8:15; 1Co 10:4, 11; Ga 3:15; 4:25; 5:1; He 7:22; 8:6; 9:15; 10:15; 11:19; 12:24; 13:20.
[25] Dt 33:2; Jg 5:5; Ps 68:8, 17; Mt 23:37; Lk 13:34; 19:44; Ac 1:11; Ga 1:17; 4:24; He 12:18.
[26] Ps 87:3; So 8:1; Is 2:2; 50:1; 52:9; 62:1; 65:18; 66:10; Ho 2:2, 5; 4:5; Jol 3:17; Mi 4:1; Jn 8:36; Ro 6:14, 18; Ga 4:22; 5:1; Php 3:20; He 12:22; 1P 2:16; Rv 3:12; 17:5; 21:2, 10.
[27] Ru 1:11; 4:14; 1S 2:5; 2S 13:20; Ps 113:9; Is 49:21; 54:1; 1Ti 5:5.
[28] Ac 3:25; Ro 4:13; 9:8; Ga 3:29; 4:23.
[29] Gn 21:9; Mt 23:34; Jn 3:5; 15:9; Ro 8:1, 13; Ga 5:11; 6:12; 1Th 2:14; He 10:33.
[30] Gn 21:10; Jn 8:35; Ro 4:3; 8:15; 11:2, 7; Ga 3:8, 22; Jm 4:5.
[31] Jn 1:12; 8:36; Ga 5:1, 13; He 2:14; 1Jn 3:1.


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