Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Galatians 4:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him [that was born] after the Spirit, so also it is now.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him [that was born] after the Spirit, even so [it is] now.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him [who was born] according to the Spirit, so it is now also.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But as then he that was born according to the flesh persecuted him [that was born] according to the Spirit, even so [it is] now.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But as then he that was born according to flesh persecuted him [that was born] according to Spirit, so also [it is] now.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, just as, then, he that after the manner of the flesh had been born, did persecute him who [had been born] after the manner of the Spirit, thus, also now.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but as then he who was born according to the flesh did persecute him according to the spirit, so also now;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But as then he that was born according to the flesh persecuted him that was after the spirit: so also it is now.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But as then hee that was borne after the flesh, persecuted him that was borne after the Spirit, euen so it is now.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And as then he who was born of the flesh persecuted him who was after the Spirit, so also now.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And as then, he that was born after the flesh, persecuted him [who was born] of the Spirit; so also [is it] now.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
as 5618
{5618} Prime
ὥσπερ
hosper
{hoce'-per}
From G5613 and G4007; just as, that is, exactly like.
then 5119
{5119} Prime
τότε
tote
{tot'-eh}
From (the neuter of) G3588 and G3753; the when, that is, at the time that (of the past or future, also in consecution).
he that was born 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
after 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the flesh 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
persecuted 1377
{1377} Prime
διώκω
dioko
{dee-o'-ko}
A prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb δίω [[dio]] (to flee; compare the base of G1169 and G1249); to pursue (literally or figuratively); by implication to persecute.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
him x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
[that was born] after 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the Spirit, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
[it is] now. 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 4:29

_ _ persecuted — Ishmael “mocked” Isaac, which contained in it the germ and spirit of persecution (Genesis 21:9). His mocking was probably directed against Isaac’s piety and faith in God’s promises. Being the older by natural birth, he haughtily prided himself above him that was born by promise: as Cain hated Abel’s piety.

_ _ him ... born after the Spirit — The language, though referring primarily to Isaac, born in a spiritual way (namely, by the promise or word of God, rendered by His Spirit efficient out of the course of nature, in making Sarah fruitful in old age), is so framed as especially to refer to believers justified by Gospel grace through faith, as opposed to carnal men, Judaizers, and legalists.

_ _ even so it is now — (Galatians 5:11; Galatians 6:12, Galatians 6:17; Acts 9:29; Acts 13:45, Acts 13:49, Acts 13:50; Acts 14:1, Acts 14:2, Acts 14:19; Acts 17:5, Acts 17:13; Acts 18:5, Acts 18:6). The Jews persecuted Paul, not for preaching Christianity in opposition to heathenism, but for preaching it as distinct from Judaism. Except in the two cases of Philippi and Ephesus (where the persons beginning the assault were pecuniarily interested in his expulsion), he was nowhere set upon by the Gentiles, unless they were first stirred up by the Jews. The coincidence between Paul’s Epistles and Luke’s history (the Acts) in this respect, is plainly undesigned, and so a proof of genuineness (see Paley, Horae Paulinae).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:21-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:29

But as then, he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, so it is now also — And so it will be in all ages and nations to the end of the world.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 4:29

But as then he that was born after the (i) flesh persecuted him [that was born] after the (k) Spirit, even so [it is] now.

(i) By the common course of nature.

(k) By the virtue of God's promise and after a spiritual manner.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he that:

Genesis 21:9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking.

after the Spirit:

John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
John 15:9 As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love.
Romans 8:1 [There is] therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Romans 8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

even:

Galatians 5:11 And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased.
Galatians 6:12-14 As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. ... But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.
Matthew 23:34-37 Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and [some] of them ye shall kill and crucify; and [some] of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute [them] from city to city: ... O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
1 Thessalonians 2:14-15 For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they [have] of the Jews: ... Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:
Hebrews 10:33-34 Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used. ... For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 21:9. Mt 23:34. Jn 3:5; 15:9. Ro 8:1, 13. Ga 5:11; 6:12. 1Th 2:14. He 10:33.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Galatians 4:29.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Galatians 4:29


Recent Chat Bible Comments