Israel’s Labor Increased
1 And afterward° Moses° and Aaron° came° and said° to Pharaoh°, “aThus° says° the LORD°, the God° of Israel°, ‘bLet° My people° go° that they may celebrate° a feast° to Me in the wilderness°.’” 2 But Pharaoh° said°, “aWho° is the LORD° that I should obey° His voice° to let° Israel° go°? I do not know° the LORD°, and besides°, bI will not let° Israel° go°.” 3 Then they said°, “aThe God° of the Hebrews° has met° with us. Please°, let us go° a three° days’° journey° into the wilderness° that we may sacrifice° to the LORD° our God°, otherwise° He will fall° upon us with pestilence° or° with the sword°.” 4 But the king° of Egypt° said° to them, “Moses° and Aaron°, why° do you Idraw° the people° away° from their IIwork°? Get° [back] to your IIIalabors°!” 5 Again Pharaoh° said°, “Look°, athe people° of the land° are now° many°, and you would have them cease° from their labors°!” 6 So the same° day° Pharaoh° commanded° athe taskmasters° over the people° and their bforemen°, saying°, 7 “You are no° longer° to give° the people° straw° to make° brick° as previously°°; let them go° and gather° straw° for themselves°. 8 But the quota° of bricks° which° they were making° previously°°, you shall impose° on them; you are not to reduce° any° of it. Because° they are alazy°, therefore°° they cry° out, ‘ILet us go° and sacrifice° to our God°.’ 9 Let the labor° be heavier° on the men°, and let them work° at it so that they will pay° no° attention° to false° words°.”
 aEx 3:18 bEx 4:23; 6:11; 7:16
 a2K 18:35; 2Ch 32:14; Jb 21:15 bEx 3:19
 aEx 3:18
 ILit loose IILit works IIILit burdens aEx 1:11; 2:11; 6:5-7
 aEx 1:7, 9
 aEx 1:11; 3:7; 5:10, 13, 14 bEx 5:10, 14, 15, 19
 ILit saying, ‘Let aEx 5:17
10 ¶ So athe taskmasters° of the people° and their foremen° went° out and spoke° to the people°, saying°, “Thus° says° Pharaoh°, ‘I am not going to give° you [any] straw°. 11 You go° [and] get° straw° for yourselves wherever°° you can find° [it], but none° of your labor° will be reduced°.’” 12 So the people° scattered° through all° the land° of Egypt° to gather° stubble° for straw°. 13 The taskmasters° pressed° them, saying°, “Complete° your Iwork° quota°, II[your] daily° amount°°, just° as when IIIyou had° straw°.” 14 Moreover, athe foremen° of the sons° of Israel°, whom° Pharaoh’s° taskmasters° had set° over° them, bwere beaten° Iand were asked°, “Why° have you not completed° your required° amount° either° yesterday° or° today° in making° brick° as previously°°?”
 aEx 1:11; 3:7; 5:6
 ILit works IILit the matter of a day in its day IIILit there was
 ILit saying aEx 5:6 bIs 10:24
15 ¶ Then the foremen° of the sons° of Israel° came° and cried° out to Pharaoh°, saying°, “Why° do you deal° this° way° with your servants°? 16 There° is no° straw° given° to your servants°, yet they keep saying° to us, ‘Make° bricks°!’ And behold°, your servants° are being beaten°; but it is the fault° of your [own] people°.” 17 But he said°, “You are alazy°, [very] lazy°; therefore°° you say°, ‘Let us go° [and] sacrifice° to the LORD°.’ 18 So go° now° [and] work°; for you will be given° no° straw°, yet you must deliver° the quota° of bricks°.” 19 The foremen° of the sons° of Israel° saw° that they were in trouble° Ibecause they were told°, “You must not reduce° II[your] daily° amount°° of bricks°.” 20 When they left° Pharaoh’s° presence°°, they met° Moses° and Aaron° as they were Iwaiting° for them. 21 aThey said° to them, “bMay the LORD° look° upon you and judge° [you], for you have cmade° Ius odious°° in Pharaoh’s° sight° and in the sight° of his servants°, to put° a sword° in their hand° to kill° us.”
 aEx 5:8
 ILit saying IILit from your bricks the matter of a day in its day
 ILit standing to meet
 ILit our savor to stink aEx 14:11; 15:24; 16:2 bGn 16:5; 31:53 cGn 34:30; 1S 13:4; 27:12; 2S 10:6; 1Ch 19:6
22 ¶ Then Moses° returned° to the LORD° and said°, “aO Lord°, why° have You brought° harm° to this° people°? Why° did You ever° send° me? 23 Ever since° I came° to Pharaoh° to speak° in Your name°, he has done° harm° to this° people°, aand You have not delivered° Your people° at all°.”
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Pharaoh chideth Moses and Aaron for their message.
1 ¶ And afterwardº Mosesº and Aaronº went in,ºª and toldºª² Pharaoh,º Thus² saithºª the LORDº Godº of Israel,º Let² my peopleº go,ºª that they may hold a feastºª unto me in the wilderness.º 2 And Pharaohº said,ºª Who² [is] the LORD,º that² I should obeyºª his voiceº to let² Israelº go?ºª I knowºª not²² the LORD,º neither²² will I let² Israelº go.ºª 3 And they said,ºª The Godº of the Hebrewsº hath metºª with² us: let us go,¹ª² we pray thee,² threeº days'º journeyº into the desert,º and sacrificeºª unto the LORDº our God;º lest² he fall¹ª upon² us with pestilence,º or² with the sword.º 4 And the kingº of Egyptº saidºª unto² them, Wherefore² do ye, Mosesº and Aaron,º letºª² the peopleº from their works?º² get¹ª² you unto your burdens.º
 Ex 10:9; 1K 21:20; Ps 119:46; Is 25:6; Ezk 2:6; Jna 3:3; Mt 10:18, 28; Ac 4:29; 1Co 5:8.
 Ex 3:19; 1S 2:12; 2K 18:35; 2Ch 32:15, 19; Jb 21:15; Ps 10:4; 12:4; 14:1; Jr 44:16; Jn 16:3; Ro 1:28; 2Th 1:8.
 Ex 3:18; Dt 28:21; 2K 17:25; 2Ch 30:8; Ezr 7:23; Ezk 6:11; Zc 14:16.
 Ex 1:11; Jr 38:4; Am 7:10; Lk 23:2; Ac 16:20; 24:5.
He increaseth the Israelites' task.
5 And Pharaohº said,ºª Behold,² the peopleº of the landº now² [are] many,º and ye make them restºª² from their burdens.º² 6 And Pharaohº commandedºª the same² dayº² the taskmastersºª of the people,º and their officers,ºª saying,ºª 7 Ye shall no² moreºª giveºª the peopleº strawº to makeºª brick,º as heretofore:ºº let them² go¹ª² and gatherºª strawº for themselves. 8 And the taleº of the bricks,º which² they² did makeºª heretofore,ºº ye shall layºª upon² them; ye shall not² diminishºª [ought] thereof:² for² they² [be] idle;ºª therefore²² they² cry,ºª saying,ºª Let us go¹ª² [and] sacrificeºª to our God.º 9 Let there more work¹ be laidºª² upon² the men,¹² that they may labourºª therein; and let them not² regardºª vainº words.º
 Ex 1:7; Pv 14:28.
 Ex 1:11; 2:14; 5:10, 13, 14, 15, 19; Nu 11:16; Dt 1:15; 16:18; Jsh 8:33; 24:1, 4; 2Ch 26:11; Pv 12:10.
 Gn 24:25; Jg 19:19.
 Ps 106:41.
 2K 18:20; Jb 16:3; Jr 43:2; Zc 1:6; Mal 3:14; Ep 5:6.
10 ¶ And the taskmastersºª of the peopleº went out,ºª and their officers,ºª and they spakeºª to² the people,º saying,ºª Thus² saithºª Pharaoh,º I will not² giveºª you straw.º 11 Go¹ª² ye,² getºª you strawº whereº² ye can findºª it: yetº not² oughtº of your workº² shall be diminished.ºª 12 So the peopleº were scattered abroadºª throughout all² the landº of Egyptº to gatherºª stubbleº instead of straw.º 13 And the taskmastersºª hastedºª [them], saying,ºª Fulfilºª your works,º [your] dailyº tasks,º as when² there wasºª straw.º 14 And the officersºª of the childrenº of Israel,º which² Pharaoh'sº taskmastersºª had setºª over² them, were beaten,ºª [and] demanded,ºª Wherefore² have ye not² fulfilledºª your taskº in making brickºª both² yesterdayº and² to day,º as heretofore?ºº
 Ex 1:11; Pv 29:12.
 Ex 5:13.
 Ex 15:7; Is 5:24; 47:14; Jol 2:5; Ob 1:18; Na 1:10; 1Co 3:12.
He checketh their complaints.
15 ¶ Then the officersºª of the childrenº of Israelº cameºª and criedºª unto² Pharaoh,º saying,ºª Wherefore² dealestºª thou thus² with thy servants?º 16 There is no² strawº givenºª unto thy servants,º and they sayºª to us, Makeºª brick:º and, behold,² thy servantsº [are] beaten;ºª but the faultºª [is] in thine own people.º 17 But he said,ºª Ye² [are] idle,ºª [ye are] idle:ºª therefore²² ye² say,ºª Let us go¹ª² [and] do sacrificeºª to the LORD.º 18 Go¹ª² therefore now,² [and] work;ºª for there shall no² strawº be givenºª you, yet shall ye deliverºª the taleº of bricks.º 19 And the officersºª of the childrenº of Israelº did seeºª [that] they [were] in evilº [case], after it was said,ºª Ye shall not² minishºª [ought] from your bricksº² of your dailyº task.º
They cry out upon Moses and Aaron.
20 ¶ And they metºª² Mosesº and Aaron,º who stoodºª in the way,ºª as they came forthºª from²² Pharaoh:º 21 And they saidºª unto² them, The LORDº lookºª upon² you, and judge;ºª because² ye have made² our savourº to be abhorredºª in the eyesº of Pharaoh,º and in the eyesº of his servants,º to putºª a swordº in their handº to slayºª us.
Moses complaineth to God.
22 And Mosesº returnedºª unto² the LORD,º and said,ºª Lord,º wherefore² hast thou [so] evil entreatedºª this² people?º why² [is] it² [that] thou hast sentºª me? 23 For since²² I cameºª to² Pharaohº to speakºª in thy name,º he hath done evilºª to this² people;º neither² hast thou deliveredºª² thy peopleº at all.ºª
 Ex 17:4; Nu 11:14; 1S 30:6; 1K 19:4, 10; Ps 73:25; Jr 12:1; 20:7; Hab 2:3.
 Ps 118:26; Is 26:17; 28:16; Jr 11:21; Jn 5:43; He 10:36.
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