War with the Philistines
2 ¶ Now Saul° chose° for himself 3,000°° men of Israel°, of which 2,000° were with Saul° in aMichmash° and in the hill° country° of Bethel°, while 1,000° were with Jonathan° at bGibeah° of Benjamin°. But he sent° away° the rest° of the people°, each° to his tent°. 3 Jonathan° smote° athe garrison° of the Philistines° that was in bGeba°, and the Philistines° heard° of [it]. Then Saul° cblew° the trumpet° throughout° the land°, saying°, “Let the Hebrews° hear°.” 4 All° Israel° heard° Ithe news° that Saul° had smitten° the garrison° of the Philistines°, and also° that Israel° ahad become° odious° to the Philistines°. The people° were then summoned° IIto Saul° at Gilgal°.
 a1S 13:5; 14:31 b1S 10:26
 a1S 10:5 b1S 13:16; 14:5 cJg 3:27; 6:34
 ILit saying IILit after aGn 34:30; Ex 5:21; 2S 10:6
5 ¶ Now the Philistines° assembled° to fight° with Israel°, 30,000°° chariots° and 6,000°° horsemen°, and apeople° like the sand° which° is on the seashore°° in abundance°; and they came° up and camped° in Michmash°, east° of bBeth-aven°. 6 When the men° of Israel° saw° that they were in a strait° (for the people° were hard-pressed°), then athe people° hid° themselves in caves°, in thickets°, in cliffs°, in cellars°, and in pits°. 7 Also [some of] the Hebrews° crossed° the Jordan° into the land° of aGad° and Gilead°. But as for Saul°, he [was] still° in Gilgal°, and all° the people° followed° him trembling°.
8 ¶ Now ahe waited° seven° days°, according to the appointed° time° set° by Samuel°, but Samuel° did not come° to Gilgal°; and the people° were scattering° from him. 9 So Saul° said°, “Bring° to me the burnt° offering° and the peace° offerings°.” And ahe offered° the burnt° offering°. 10 As soon as he finished° offering° the burnt° offering°, behold°, Samuel° came°; and aSaul° went° out to meet° him [and] to Igreet° him. 11 But Samuel° said°, “What° have you done°?” And Saul° said°, “Because° I saw° that the people° were scattering° from me, and that you did not come° within the appointed° days°, and that athe Philistines° were assembling° at Michmash°, 12 therefore I said°, ‘Now° the Philistines° will come° down° against° me at Gilgal°, and I have not asked° the favor° of the LORD°.’ So I forced° myself and offered° the burnt° offering°.” 13 Samuel° said° to Saul°, “aYou have acted° foolishly°; byou have not kept° the commandment° of the LORD° your God°, which° He commanded° you, for now° the LORD° would have established° your kingdom° Iover° Israel° cforever°°. 14 But anow° your kingdom° shall not endure°. bThe LORD° has sought° out for Himself a man° after His own heart°, and the LORD° has appointed° him as ruler° over° His people°, because° you have not kept° what° the LORD° commanded° you.”
 a1S 10:8
 aDt 12:5-14; 2S 24:25; 1K 3:4
 ILit bless a1S 15:13
 a1S 13:2, 5, 16, 23
 ILit to a2Ch 16:9 b1S 15:11, 22, 28 c1S 1:22
 a1S 15:28 bAc 7:46; 13:22
15 ¶ Then Samuel° arose° and went° up from Gilgal° to aGibeah° of Benjamin°. And Saul° Inumbered° the people° who were present° with him, babout six° hundred° men°. 16 Now Saul° and his son° Jonathan° and the people° who were present° with them were staying° in aGeba° of Benjamin° while the Philistines° camped° at Michmash°. 17 And athe Iraiders° came° from the camp° of the Philistines° in three° IIcompanies°: one° IIIcompany° turned° IVtoward°° bOphrah°, to the land° of Shual°, 18 and another° Icompany° turned° IItoward° aBeth-horon°, and another° Icompany° turned° IItoward° the border° which overlooks°° the valley° of bZeboim° toward the wilderness°.
 ILit mustered a1S 13:2 b1S 13:2, 6, 7; 14:2
 a1S 13:2, 3
 ILit destroyers IILit heads IIILit head IVLit toward the direction of a1S 14:15 bJsh 18:23
 ILit head IILit the direction of aJsh 16:3; 18:13, 14 bNe 11:34
19 ¶ Now ano° blacksmith° could be found° in all° the land° of Israel°, for the Philistines° said°, “Otherwise° the Hebrews° will make° Ibswords° or° spears°.” 20 So all° Israel° went° down° to the Philistines°, each° to sharpen° his plowshare°, his mattock°, his axe°, and his hoe°. 21 The charge° was Itwo-thirds° of a shekel for the plowshares°, the mattocks°, the forks°°, and the axes°, and to fix° the hoes°. 22 So it came° about on the day° of battle° that aneither° sword° nor° spear° was found° in the hands° of any° of the people° who° [were] with Saul° and Jonathan°, but they were found° with Saul° and his son° Jonathan°. 23 And athe garrison° of the Philistines° went° out to bthe pass° of Michmash°.
 ILit sword or spear aJg 5:8; 2K 24:14; Jr 24:1; 29:2 bJg 5:8
 IHeb pim
 aJg 5:8
 a1S 14:1; 2S 23:14 b1S 14:4, 5; Is 10:28
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Saul's selected band.
1 ¶ Saulº reignedºª one² year;º¹ and when he had reignedºª twoº yearsº over² Israel,º 2 Saulº choseºª him threeº thousandº [men] of Israel;º² [whereof] two thousandº were² with² Saulº in Michmashº and in mountº Bethel,º and a thousandº were² with² Jonathan¹² in Gibeahº of Benjamin:º and the restº of the peopleº he sentºª every manº to his tent.º
 Ex 12:5; Mi 6:6.
 Jsh 18:28; Jg 19:12; 1S 8:11; 10:26; 13:5, 23; 14:5, 31, 52; 15:34; 2S 21:6; Is 10:28, 29.
He calleth the Hebrews to Gilgal against the Philistines, whose garrison Jonathan had smitten.
3 And Jonathan¹² smoteºª² the garrisonº of the Philistinesº that² [was] in Geba,º and the Philistinesº heardºª [of it]. And Saulº blewºª the trumpetº throughout all² the land,º saying,ºª Let the Hebrewsº hear.ºª 4 And all² Israelº heardºª sayºª [that] Saulº had smittenºª² a garrisonº of the Philistines,º and [that] Israelº also² was had in abominationºª with the Philistines.º And the peopleº were called togetherºª afterº Saulº to Gilgal.º
 Jsh 18:24; 21:17; Jg 3:27; 6:34; 1S 10:5; 14:1; 2S 2:28; 20:1; 23:14; Is 10:29; Zc 14:10.
 Gn 34:30; 46:34; Ex 5:21; Jsh 5:9; 1S 10:8; 11:14; Zc 11:8.
The Philistines' great host.
5 ¶ And the Philistinesº gathered themselves togetherºª to fightºª with² Israel,º thirtyº thousandº chariots,º and sixº thousandº horsemen,º and peopleº as the sandº which² [is] on² the seaº shoreº in multitude:º and they came up,ºª and pitchedºª in Michmash,º eastwardº from Bethaven.º
 Gn 22:17; Jsh 7:2; 11:4; 18:12; Jg 7:12; 1S 14:23; 2Ch 1:9; Is 48:19; Jr 15:8; Ho 4:15; 5:8; 10:5; Ro 9:27.
The distress of the Israelites.
6 When the menº of Israelº sawºª that² they were in a strait,ºª (for² the peopleº were distressed,)ºª then the peopleº did hide¹ª themselves² in caves,º and in thickets,º and in rocks,º and in high places,º and in pits.º 7 And [some of] the Hebrewsº went overºª² Jordanº to the landº of Gadº and Gilead.º As for Saul,º he [was] yet² in Gilgal,º and all² the peopleº followedº him trembling.ºª
 Ex 14:10; Jsh 8:20; Jg 6:2; 10:9; 20:41; 1S 14:11; 23:19; 24:3; 2S 24:14; Is 42:22; Php 1:23; He 11:38.
 Lv 26:17, 36; Nu 32:1, 33; Dt 3:12; 20:8; 28:25; Jsh 13:24; Jg 7:3; Ho 11:10.
Saul, weary of staying for Samuel, sacrificeth.
8 ¶ And he tarriedºªªª sevenº days,º according to the set timeº that² Samuelº [had appointed]: but Samuelº cameºª not² to Gilgal;º and the peopleº were scatteredºª from²² him. 9 And Saulº said,ºª Bring hitherºª a burnt offeringº to² me, and peace offerings.º And he offeredºª the burnt offering.º 10 And it came to pass,² that as soon as he had made an endºª of offeringºª the burnt offering,º behold,² Samuelº came;ºª and Saulº went outºª to meetºª him, that he might saluteºª him.
 1S 10:8.
 Dt 12:6; 1S 13:12; 14:18; 15:21; 1K 3:4; Ps 37:7; Pv 15:8; 20:22; 21:3, 27; Is 66:3.
 Ru 2:4; 1S 15:13; Ps 129:8.
Samuel reproveth him.
11 ¶ And Samuelº said,ºª What² hast thou done?ºª And Saulº said,ºª Because² I sawºª that² the peopleº were scatteredºª from²² me, and [that] thou² camestºª not² within the daysº appointed,º and [that] the Philistinesº gathered themselves togetherºª at Michmash;º 12 Therefore saidºª I, The Philistinesº will come downºª now² upon² me to Gilgal,º and I have not² made supplicationºª untoº the LORD:º I forced¹ª myself² therefore, and offeredºª a burnt offering.º 13 And Samuelº saidºª to² Saul,º Thou hast done foolishly:ºª thou hast not² keptºª² the commandmentº of the LORDº thy God,º which² he commandedºª thee: for² now² would the LORDº have establishedºª² thy kingdomº upon² Israelº for¹ ever.º² 14 But now² thy kingdomº shall not² continue:ºª the LORDº hath soughtºª him a manº after his own heart,º and the LORDº hath commandedºª him [to be] captainº over² his people,º because² thou hast not² keptºª [that]² which² the LORDº commandedºª thee. 15 And Samuelº arose,ºª and gat him upºª from² Gilgalº unto Gibeahº of Benjamin.º And Saulº numberedºª² the peopleº [that were] presentºª with² him, about sixº hundredº men.º 16 And Saul,º and Jonathan¹² his son,º and the peopleº [that were] presentºª with² them, abodeºª in Gibeahº of Benjamin:º but the Philistinesº encampedºª in Michmash.º
 Gn 3:13; 4:10; Jsh 7:19; 1S 13:2, 5, 16, 23; 14:5; 2S 3:24; 2K 5:25; Is 10:28.
 1S 21:7; 1K 12:26; Ps 66:3; Am 8:5; 2Co 9:7.
 1S 15:11, 22, 28; 2S 12:7; 1K 18:18; 21:20; 2Ch 16:9; 19:2; 25:15; Jb 34:18; Ps 50:8; Pv 19:3; Mt 14:3.
 1S 2:30; 9:16; 15:28; 16:1, 12; 2S 5:2; 7:15; 2K 20:5; Ps 78:70; 89:19, 20; Ac 13:22; He 2:10.
 1S 13:2, 6; 14:2.
 1S 13:3.
The three spoiling bands of the Philistines.
17 ¶ And the spoilersºª came outºª of the campº² of the Philistinesº in threeº companies:º oneº companyº turnedºª unto² the wayº [that leadeth to] Ophrah,º unto² the landº of Shual:º 18 And anotherº companyº turnedºª the wayº [to] Bethhoron:º and anotherº companyº turnedºª [to] the wayº of the borderº that lookethºª to² the valleyº of Zeboimº toward the wilderness.º
 Jsh 18:23; 19:3; 1S 11:11.
 Gn 14:2; Jsh 10:11; 16:3, 5; 18:13; 1Ch 6:68; 2Ch 8:5; Ne 11:34; Ho 11:8.
The policy of the Philistines, to suffer no smith in Israel.
19 ¶ Now there was no² smithº foundºª throughout all² the landº of Israel:º for² the Philistinesº said,ºª Lest² the Hebrewsº makeºª [them] swordsº or² spears:º 20 But all² the Israelitesº went downºª to the Philistines,º to sharpenºª every manº² his share,º and his coulter,º and his axe,º and his mattock.º 21 Yet they had² a fileºº for the mattocks,º and for the coulters,º and for the forks,ºº and for the axes,º and to sharpenºª the goads.º 22 So it came to pass² in the dayº of battle,º that there was neither² swordº nor spearº foundºª in the handº of any² of the peopleº that² [were] with² Saulº and Jonathan:¹² but with Saulº and with Jonathan¹² his sonº was there found.ºª 23 And the garrisonº of the Philistinesº went outºª to² the passageº of Michmash.º
 Jg 5:8; 2K 24:14; Is 54:16; Jr 24:1.
 1S 13:21.
 Jg 5:8; 1S 17:47, 50; Zc 4:6; 1Co 1:27; 2Co 4:7.
 1S 13:2, 3, 5; 14:1, 4; Is 10:28.
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