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1 Samuel 13:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to set the goads.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to fix the hoes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the colters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— when the edges of the sickles, and the hoes, and the forks, and the axes were blunted; and to set the goads.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Howbeit they had a file for the sickles, and the mattocks, and the three-pronged forks, and the axes,—and for setting the goads.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and there hath been the file for mattocks, and for coulters, and for three-pronged rakes, and for the axes, and to set up the goads.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So that their shares, and their spades, and their forks, and their axes, were blunt, even to the goad, which was to be mended.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forkes, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it was near the time of vintage: and their tools were [valued at] three shekels for a plough-share, and there was the same rate for the axe and the sickle.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yet they had x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a file 6477
{6477} Prime
פְּצִירָה
p@tsiyrah
{pets-ee-raw'}
From H6484; bluntness.
6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
for the mattocks, 4281
{4281} Prime
מַחֲרְשָׁה
machareshah
{makh-ar-ay-shaw'}
From H2790; probably a pick axe.
and for the coulters, 855
{0855} Prime
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Of uncertain derivation; a hoe or other digging implement.
and for the forks, 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
7053
{7053} Prime
קִלְּשׁוֹן
qill@shown
{kil-lesh-one'}
From an unused root meaning to prick; a prong, that is, hay fork.
and for the axes, 7134
{7134} Prime
קַרְדֹּם
qardom
{kar-dome'}
Perhaps from H6923 in the sense of striking upon; an axe.
and to sharpen 5324
{5324} Prime
נָצַב
natsab
{naw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to station, in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
the goads. 1861
{1861} Prime
דָּרְבוֹן
dorbown
{dor-bone'}
Of uncertain derivation; a goad.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 13:21

_ _ Yet they had a file — as a kind of privilege, for the purpose of sharpening sundry smaller utensils of husbandry.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 13:15-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a file:
Heb. a file with mouths

sharpen:
Heb. set,
1 Samuel 13:21 Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
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