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Galatians 4:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; Break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: For more are the children of the desolate than of her that hath the husband.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For it is written, “REJOICE, BARREN WOMAN WHO DOES NOT BEAR; BREAK FORTH AND SHOUT, YOU WHO ARE NOT IN LABOR; FOR MORE NUMEROUS ARE THE CHILDREN OF THE DESOLATE THAN OF THE ONE WHO HAS A HUSBAND.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she who hath a husband.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break out and cry, thou that travailest not; because the children of the desolate are more numerous than [those] of her that has a husband.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For it is written—Be gladdened, O barren one! that wast not giving birth, break forth and shout, thou that wast not in birth-pains,—because, more, are the children of the deserted one, than of her that had the husband.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for it hath been written, 'Rejoice, O barren, who art not bearing; break forth and cry, thou who art not travailing, because many [are] the children of the desolate—more than of her having the husband.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For it is written: Rejoice, thou barren, that bearest not: break forth and cry thou that travailest not: for many are the children of the desolate, more than of her that hath a husband.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For it is written, Reioyce thou barren that bearest not, breake foorth and cry thou that traueilest not; for the desolate hath many moe children then she which hath an husband.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For it is written, Be glad, O barren, who hast not borne; Exult and cry, thou who hast not travailed; Because multiplied are the sons of the desolate, More than the sons of the married wife.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For it is written, Be joyful, thou barren, who bearest not: exult and shout, thou who hast not travailed: for more numerous are the children of the desolate than the children of the married woman.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
it is written, 1125
{1125} Prime
γράφω
grapho
{graf'-o}
A primary verb; to 'grave', especially to write; figuratively to describe.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
Rejoice, 2165
{2165} Prime
εὐφραίνω
euphraino
{yoo-frah'-ee-no}
From G2095 and G5424; to put (middle voice or passive voice be) in a good frame of mind, that is, rejoice.
z5682
<5682> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 40
[thou] barren 4723
{4723} Prime
στεῖρος
steiros
{sti'-ros}
A contraction from G4731 (as stiff and unnatural); 'sterile'.
that bearest 5088
{5088} Prime
τίκτω
tikto
{tik'-to}
A strengthened from of a primary word τέκω [[teko]], {tek'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to produce (from seed, as a mother, a plant, the earth, etc.), literal or figurative.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
not; 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
break forth 4486
{4486} Prime
ῥήγνυμι
rhegnumi
{hrayg'-noo-mee}
Both are prolonged forms of ῥήκω [[rheko]] (which appears only in certain forms, and is itself probably a strengthened form of ἄγνυμι [[agnumi]] (see in G2608)); to 'break', 'wreck' or 'crack', that is, (especially) to sunder (by separation of the parts; G2608 being its intensive (with the preposition in compounds), and G2352 a shattering to minute fragments; but not a reduction to the constituent particles, like G3089) or disrupt, lacerate; by implication to convulse (with spasms); figuratively to give vent to joyful emotions.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
cry, 994
{0994} Prime
βοάω
boao
{bo-ah'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of a primary verb; to halloo, that is, shout (for help or in a tumultuous way).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
thou that travailest 5605
{5605} Prime
ὠδίνω
odino
{o-dee'-no}
From G5604; to experience the pains of parturition (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
not: 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
desolate 2048
{2048} Prime
ἔρημος
eremos
{er'-ay-mos}
Of uncertain affinity; lonesome, that is, (by implication) waste (usually as a noun, G5561 being implied).
hath x2192
(2192) Complement
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
many x4183
(4183) Complement
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
more y4183
[4183] Standard
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
x2123
(2123) Complement
εὐκοπώτερος
eukopoteros
{yoo-kop-o'-ter-os}
Comparative of a compound of G2095 and G2873; better for toil, that is, more facile.
children 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
than 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
y3123
[3123] Standard
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
she which hath 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
an husband. 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 4:27

_ _ (Isaiah 54:1).

_ _ thou barren — Jerusalem above: the spiritual Church of the Gospel, the fruit of “the promise,” answering to Sarah, who bore not “after the flesh”: as contrasted with the law, answering to Hagar, who was fruitful in the ordinary course of nature. Isaiah speaks primarily of Israel’s restoration after her long-continued calamities; but his language is framed by the Holy Spirit so as to reach beyond this to the spiritual Zion: including not only the Jews, the natural descendants of Abraham and children of the law, but also the Gentiles. The spiritual Jerusalem is regarded as “barren” while the law trammeled Israel, for she then had no spiritual children of the Gentiles.

_ _ break forth — into crying.

_ _ cry — shout for joy.

_ _ many more — Translate as Greek, “Many are the children of the desolate (the New Testament Church made up in the greater part from the Gentiles, who once had not the promise, and so was destitute of God as her husband), more than of her which hath an (Greek, ‘THE’) husband (the Jewish Church having God for her husband, Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 2:2).” Numerous as were the children of the legal covenant, those of the Gospel covenant are more so. The force of the Greek article is, “Her who has THE husband of which the other is destitute.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:21-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:27

For it is written — Those words in the primary sense promise a flourishing state to Judea, after its desolation by the Chaldeans. Rejoice. thou barren, that bearest not — Ye heathen nations, who, like a barren woman, were destitute, for many ages, of a seed to serve the Lord. Break forth and cry aloud for joy, thou that, in former time, travailedst not: for the desolate hath many more children than she that hath an husband — For ye that were so long utterly desolate shall at length bear more children than the Jewish church, which was of old espoused to God. Isaiah 54:1.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 4:27

(7) For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the (f) desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.

(7) He shows that in this allegory he has followed the steps of Isaiah, who foretold that the Church should be made and consist of the children of barren Sara, that is to say, of those who should be made Ahraham's children by faith, and this only spiritually, rather than of fruitful Hagar, even then foretelling the casting off of the Jews, and the calling of the Gentiles.

(f) She that is destroyed and laid waste.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Rejoice:

Isaiah 54:1-5 Sing, O barren, thou [that] didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou [that] didst not travail with child: for more [are] the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD. ... For thy Maker [is] thine husband; the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.

barren:

1 Samuel 2:5 [They that were] full have hired out themselves for bread; and [they that were] hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.
Psalms 113:9 He maketh the barren woman to keep house, [and to be] a joyful mother of children. Praise ye the LORD.

desolate:

Ruth 1:11-13 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? [are] there yet [any more] sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? ... Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me.
Ruth 4:14-16 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed [be] the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel. ... And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.
2 Samuel 13:20 And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he [is] thy brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house.
Isaiah 49:21 Then shalt thou say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro? and who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; these, where [had] they [been]?
1 Timothy 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ru 1:11; 4:14. 1S 2:5. 2S 13:20. Ps 113:9. Is 49:21; 54:1. 1Ti 5:5.

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