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Galatians 4:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— My little children, of whom I am again in travail until Christ be formed in you --
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— My children, with whom I am again in labor until Christ is formed in you—
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— My little children, of whom I travail in birth again, until Christ be formed in you,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— my children, of whom I again travail in birth until Christ shall have been formed in you:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— My dear children! for whom I, again, am in birth-pains, until Christ be formed within you;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— my little children, of whom again I travail in birth, till Christ may be formed in you,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— My little children, of whom I am in labour again, until Christ be formed in you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— My litle children, of whom I trauaile in birth againe, vntill Christ bee formed in you:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— MY children, with whom I travail afresh until the Meshiha be formed in you,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— [Ye are] my children, of whom I travail in birth again, till the Messiah be formed in you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
My 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
little children, 5040
{5040} Prime
τεκνίον
teknion
{tek-nee'-on}
Diminutive of G5043; an infant, that is, (plural figurative) darlings (Christian converts).
of whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
I travail in birth 5605
{5605} Prime
ὠδίνω
odino
{o-dee'-no}
From G5604; to experience the pains of parturition (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
again 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
until 891
{0891} Prime
ἄχρι
achri
{akh'-ree}
Akin to G0206 (through the idea of a terminus); (of time) until or (of place) up to.
y3757
[3757] Standard
οὗ
hou
{hoo}
Genitive case of G3739 as adverb; at which place, that is, where.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
be formed 3445
{3445} Prime
μορφόω
morphoo
{mor-fo'-o}
From the same as G3444; to fashion (figuratively).
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 4:19

_ _ My little children — (1 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 2:1; 1 John 2:1). My relation to you is not merely that of one zealously courting you (Galatians 4:17, Galatians 4:18), but that of a father to his children (1 Corinthians 4:15).

_ _ I travail in birth — that is, like a mother in pain till the birth of her child.

_ _ again — a second time. The former time was when I was “present with you” (Galatians 4:18; compare Note, see on Galatians 4:13).

_ _ Christ be formed in you — that you may live nothing but Christ, and think nothing but Christ (Galatians 2:20), and glory in nothing but Him, and His death, resurrection, and righteousness (Philippians 3:8-10; Colossians 1:27).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Galatians 4:19-20

_ _ That the apostle might the better dispose these Christians to bear with him in the reproofs which he was obliged to give them, he here expresses his great affection to them, and the very tender concern he had for their welfare: he was not like them — one thing when among them and another when absent from them. Their disaffection to him had not removed his affection from them; but he still bore the same respect to them which he had formerly done, nor was he like their false teachers, who pretended a great deal of affection to them, when at the same time they were only consulting their own interest; but he had a sincere concern for their truest advantage; he sought not theirs, but them. They were too ready to account him their enemy, but he assures them that he was their friend; nay, not only so, but that he had the bowels of a parent towards them. He calls them his children, as he justly might, since he had been the instrument of their conversion to the Christian faith; yea, he styles them his little children, which, as it denotes a greater degree of tenderness and affection to them, so it may possibly have a respect to their present behaviour, whereby they showed themselves too much like little children, who are easily wrought upon by the arts and insinuations of others. He expresses his concern for them, and earnest desire of their welfare and soul-prosperity, by the pangs of a travailing woman: He travailed in birth for them: and the great thing which he was in so much pain about, and which he was so earnestly desirous of, was not so much that they might affect him as that Christ might be formed in them, that they might become Christians indeed, and be more confirmed and established in the faith of the gospel. From this we may note, 1. The very tender affection which faithful ministers bear towards those among whom they are employed; it is like that of the most affectionate parents to their little children. 2. That the chief thing they are longing and even travailing in birth for, on their account, is that Christ may be formed in them; not so much that they may gain their affections, much less that they may make a prey of them, but that they may be renewed in the spirit of their minds, wrought into the image of Christ, and more fully settled and confirmed in the Christian faith and life: and how unreasonably must those people act who suffer themselves to be prevailed upon to desert or dislike such ministers! 3. That Christ is not fully formed in men till they are brought off from trusting in their own righteousness, and made to rely only upon him and his righteousness.

_ _ As further evidence of the affection and concern which the apostle had for these Christians, he adds (Galatians 4:20) that he desired to be then present with them — that he would be glad of an opportunity of being among them, and conversing with them, and that thereupon he might find occasion to change his voice towards them; for at present he stood in doubt of them. He knew not well what to think of them. He was not so fully acquainted with their state as to know how to accommodate himself to them. He was full of fears and jealousies concerning them, which was the reason of his writing to them in such a manner as he had done; but he would be glad to find that matters were better with them than he feared, and that he might have occasion to commend them, instead of thus reproving and chiding them. Note, Though ministers too often find it necessary to reprove those they have to do with, yet this is no grateful work to them; they had much rather there were no occasion for it, and are always glad when they can see reason to change their voice towards them.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:19

My little children — He speaks as a parent, both with authority, and the most tender sympathy, toward weak and sickly children. Of whom I travail in birth again — As I did before, Galatians 4:13, in vehement pain, sorrow, desire, prayer. Till Christ be formed in you — Till there be in you all the mind that was in him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
little:

1 Corinthians 4:14 I write not these things to shame you, but as my beloved sons I warn [you].
1 Timothy 1:2 Unto Timothy, [my] own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
Titus 1:4 To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.
Philemon 1:10 I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds:
Philemon 1:19 I Paul have written [it] with mine own hand, I will repay [it]: albeit I do not say to thee how thou owest unto me even thine own self besides.
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
1 John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:
1 John 2:12 I write unto you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you for his name's sake.
1 John 5:21 Little children, keep yourselves from idols. Amen.

of:

Numbers 11:11-12 And Moses said unto the LORD, Wherefore hast thou afflicted thy servant? and wherefore have I not found favour in thy sight, that thou layest the burden of all this people upon me? ... Have I conceived all this people? have I begotten them, that thou shouldest say unto me, Carry them in thy bosom, as a nursing father beareth the sucking child, unto the land which thou swarest unto their fathers?
Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
Philippians 1:8 For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.
Philippians 2:17 Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.
Colossians 2:1 For I would that ye knew what great conflict I have for you, and [for] them at Laodicea, and [for] as many as have not seen my face in the flesh;
Colossians 4:12 Epaphras, who is [one] of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God.
Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
Revelation 12:1-2 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars: ... And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.

Christ:

Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Romans 13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
Ephesians 4:24 And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Philippians 2:5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what [is] the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:
Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new [man], which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 11:11. Is 53:11. Lk 22:44. Ro 8:29; 13:14. 1Co 4:14. Ep 4:24. Php 1:8; 2:5, 17. Col 1:27; 2:1; 3:10; 4:12. 1Ti 1:2. Tit 1:4. Phm 1:10, 19. He 5:7. Jm 1:18. 1Jn 2:1, 12; 5:21. Rv 12:1.

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