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Galatians 4:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia and answereth to the Jerusalem that now is: for she is in bondage with her children.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and corresponds to Jerusalem which [is] now, for she is in bondage with her children;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the Hagar, is Mount Sinai, in Arabia,—she answereth, however, unto the present Jerusalem, for she is in bondage with her children;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and doth correspond to the Jerusalem that now [is], and is in servitude with her children,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For Sina is a mountain in Arabia, which hath affinity to that Jerusalem which now is: and is in bondage with her children.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Ierusalem, which now is, and is in bondage with her children.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for Hagar is Mount Sinai which is in Arabia, and answers to this Urishlem, and serves in bondage, she and her children.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For Hagar is the mount Sinai in Arabia, and correspondeth with the present Jerusalem, and is serving in bondage, she and her children.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
this Agar 28
{0028} Prime
Ἁγάρ
Hagar
{ag'-ar}
Of Hebrew origin [H1904]; Hagar, the concubine of Abraham.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
mount 3735
{3735} Prime
ὄρος
oros
{or'-os}
Probably from an obsolete word ὄρω [[oro]] (to rise or 'rear'; perhaps akin to G0142; compare G3733); a mountain (as lifting itself above the plain).
Sinai 4614
{4614} Prime
Σινᾶ
Sina
{see-nah'}
Of Hebrew origin [H5514]; Sina (that is, Sinai), a mountain in Arabia.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Arabia, 688
{0688} Prime
Ἀραβία
Arabia
{ar-ab-ee'-ah}
Of Hebrew origin [H6152]; Arabia, a region of Asia.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
answereth y4960
[4960] Standard
συστοιχέω
sustoicheo
{soos-toy-kheh'-o}
From G4862 and G4748; to file together (as soldiers in ranks), that is, (figuratively) to correspond to.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to x4960
(4960) Complement
συστοιχέω
sustoicheo
{soos-toy-kheh'-o}
From G4862 and G4748; to file together (as soldiers in ranks), that is, (figuratively) to correspond to.
Jerusalem 2419
{2419} Prime
Ἰερουσαλήμ
Hierousalem
{hee-er-oo-sal-ame'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3389]; Hierusalem (that is, Jerushalem), the capital of Palestine.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
now x3568
(3568) Complement
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
is, y3568
[3568] Standard
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
is in bondage 1398
{1398} Prime
δουλεύω
douleuo
{dool-yoo'-o}
From G1401; to be a slave to (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
her y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
children. 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 4:25

_ _ Translate, “For this word, Hagar, is (imports) Mount Sinai in Arabia (that is, among the Arabians — in the Arabian tongue).” So Chrysostom explains. Haraut, the traveler, says that to this day the Arabians call Sinai, “Hadschar,” that is, Hagar, meaning a rock or stone. Hagar twice fled into the desert of Arabia (Genesis 16:1-16; Genesis 21:9-21): from her the mountain and city took its name, and the people were called Hagarenes. Sinai, with its rugged rocks, far removed from the promised land, was well suited to represent the law which inspires with terror, and the spirit of bondage.

_ _ answereth — literally, “stands in the same rank with”; “she corresponds to.”

_ _ Jerusalem which now is — that is, the Jerusalem of the Jews, having only a present temporary existence, in contrast with the spiritual Jerusalem of the Gospel, which in germ, under the form of the promise, existed ages before, and shall be for ever in ages to come.

_ _ and — The oldest manuscripts read, “For she is in bondage.” As Hagar was in bondage to her mistress, so Jerusalem that now is, is in bondage to the law, and also to the Romans: her civil state thus being in accordance with her spiritual state [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:21-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:25

For this is mount Sinai in Arabia — That is, the type of mount Sinai. And answereth to — Resembles Jerusalem that now is, and is in bondage — Like Agar, both to the law and to the Romans.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 4:25

For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and (c) answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and (d) is in bondage with her children.

(c) Look how the case stands between Hagar and her children; even so stands it between Jerusalem and hers.

(d) That is, Sinai.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is:

Galatians 4:24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.

Sinai:

Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.
Judges 5:5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, [even] that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
Psalms 68:8 The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: [even] Sinai itself [was moved] at the presence of God, the God of Israel.
Psalms 68:17 The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as in] Sinai, in the holy [place].
Hebrews 12:18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

Arabia:

Galatians 1:17 Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus.
Acts 1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

answereth to:
or, is in the same rank with

her:

Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth gather] her brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Luke 19:44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 33:2. Jg 5:5. Ps 68:8, 17. Mt 23:37. Lk 13:34; 19:44. Ac 1:11. Ga 1:17; 4:24. He 12:18.

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