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Galatians 4:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They zealously seek you in no good way; nay, they desire to shut you out, that ye may seek them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They zealously affect you, [but] not well; yea, they would exclude you, that ye might affect them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They eagerly seek you, not commendably, but they wish to shut you out so that you will seek them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They zealously affect you, [but] not well; for, they would exclude you, that ye may affect them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They are not rightly zealous after you, but desire to shut you out [from us], that ye may be zealous after them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They shew a zeal for you, not honourably, but wish, to shut you out, in order that ye may be zealous for, them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— they are zealous for you—[yet] not well, but they wish to shut us out, that for them ye may be zealous;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They are zealous in your regard not well: but they would exclude you, that you might be zealous for them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They zelously affect you, but not well: yea, they would exclude you, that you might affect them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— They are emulous of you not for good; but they would shut you in, that you might be emulous of them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— They are zealous towards you, yet not for good; but they wish to shut you up, that ye may be zealous towards them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They zealously affect 2206
{2206} Prime
ζηλόω
zeloo
{dzay-lo'-o}
From G2205; to have warmth of feeling for or against.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
[but] not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
well; 2573
{2573} Prime
καλῶς
kalos
{kal-oce'}
Adverb from G2570; well (usually morally).
yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
they would 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
exclude 1576
{1576} Prime
ἐκκλείω
ekkleio
{ek-kli'-o}
From G1537 and G2808; to shut out (literally or figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
ye might affect 2206
{2206} Prime
ζηλόω
zeloo
{dzay-lo'-o}
From G2205; to have warmth of feeling for or against.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
them. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 4:17

_ _ They — your flatterers: in contrast to Paul himself, who tells them the truth.

_ _ zealously — zeal in proselytism was characteristic especially of the Jews, and so of Judaizers (Galatians 1:14; Matthew 23:15; Romans 10:2).

_ _ affect you — that is, court you (2 Corinthians 11:2).

_ _ not well — not in a good way, or for a good end. Neither the cause of their zealous courting of you, nor the manner, is what it ought to be.

_ _ they would exclude you — “They wish to shut you out” from the kingdom of God (that is, they wish to persuade you that as uncircumcised Gentiles, you are shut out from it), “that ye may zealously court them,” that is, become circumcised, as zealous followers of themselves. Alford explains it, that their wish was to shut out the Galatians from the general community, and attract them as a separate clique to their own party. So the English word “exclusive,” is used.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Galatians 4:17-18

_ _ The apostle is still carrying on the same design as in the foregoing verse, which was, to convince the Galatians of their sin and folly in departing from the truth of the gospel: having just before been expostulating with them about the change of their behaviour towards him who endeavoured to establish them in it, he here gives them the character of those false teachers who made it their business to draw them away from it, which if they would attend to, they might soon see how little reason they had to hearken to them: whatever opinion they might have of them, he tells them they were designing men, who were aiming to set up themselves, and who, under their specious pretences, were more consulting their own interest than theirs: “They zealously affect you,” says he; “they show a mighty respect for you, and pretend a great deal of affection to you, but not well; they do it not with any good design, they are not sincere and upright in it, for they would exclude you, that you might affect them. That which they are chiefly aiming at is to engage your affections to them; and, in order to this, they are doing all they can to draw off your affections from me and from the truth, that so they may engross you to themselves.” This, he assures them, was their design, and therefore they must needs be very unwise in hearkening to them. Note, 1. There may appear to be a great deal of zeal where yet there is but little truth and sincerity. 2. It is the usual way of seducers to insinuate themselves into people's affections, and by that means to draw them into their opinions. 3. Whatever pretences such may make, they have usually more regard to their own interest than that of others, and will not stick at ruining the reputation of others, if by that means they can raise their own. On this occasion the apostle gives us that excellent rule which we have, Galatians 4:18, It is good to be zealously affected always in a good thing. What our translation renders in a good man, and so consider the apostle as pointing to himself; this sense, they think, is favoured both by the preceding context and also by the words immediately following, and not only when I am present with you, which may be as if he had said, “Time was when you were zealously affected towards me; you once took me for a good man, and have now no reason to think otherwise of me; surely then it would become you to show the same regard to me, now that I am absent from you, which you did when I was present with you.” But, if we adhere to our own translation, the apostle here furnishes us with a very good rule to direct and regulate us in the exercise of our zeal: there are two things which to this purpose he more especially recommends to us: — (1.) That it be exercised only upon that which is good; for zeal is then only good when it is in a good thing: those who are zealously affected to that which is evil will thereby only to do so much the more hurt. And, (2.) That herein it be constant and steady: it is good to be zealous always in a good thing; not for a time only, or now and then, like the heat of an ague-fit, but, like the natural heat of the body, constant. Happy would it be for the church of Christ if this rule were better observed among Christians!

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:17

They — The judaizing teachers who are come among you. Zealously affect you — Express an extraordinary regard for you. But not well — Their zeal is not according to knowledge; neither have they a single eye to your spiritual advantage. Yea, they would exclude you — From me and from the blessings of the gospel. That ye might affect — Love and esteem them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 4:17

They zealously affect you, (q) [but] not well; yea, they would exclude you, (r) that ye might affect them.

(q) For they are jealous over you for their own benefit.

(r) That they may transfer all your love from me to themselves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
zealously:

Galatians 6:12-13 As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. ... For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.
Matthew 23:15 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of hell than yourselves.
Romans 10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.
Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
1 Corinthians 11:2 Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered [them] to you.
2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. ... Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
Philippians 2:21 For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.

exclude you:
or, exclude us,
1 Corinthians 4:8 Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without us: and I would to God ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.
1 Corinthians 4:18 Now some are puffed up, as though I would not come to you.
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Mt 23:15. Ro 10:2; 16:18. 1Co 4:8, 18; 11:2. 2Co 11:3, 13. Ga 6:12. Php 2:21. 2P 2:3, 18.

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