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Galatians 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but is under guardians and stewards until the day appointed of the father.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by the father.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed by the father.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but he is under guardians and stewards until the period fixed by the father.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But is, under guardians, and stewards, until the [day] fore-appointed of the father:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but is under tutors and stewards till the time appointed of the father,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed by the father.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But is vnder tutors and gouernours vntill the time appointed of the father.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but is under curators and stewards until the time which his father appointeth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— but he is under supervisors and stewards, until the time established by his father.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
under 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
tutors 2012
{2012} Prime
ἐπίτροπος
epitropos
{ep-it'-rop-os}
From G1909 and G5158 (in the sense of G2011); a commissioner, that is, domestic manager, guardian.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
governors 3623
{3623} Prime
οἰκονόμος
oikonomos
{oy-kon-om'-os}
From G3624 and the base of G3551; a house distributor (that is, manager), or overseer, that is, an employee in that capacity; by extension a fiscal agent (treasurer); figuratively a preacher (of the Gospel).
until 891
{0891} Prime
ἄχρι
achri
{akh'-ree}
Akin to G0206 (through the idea of a terminus); (of time) until or (of place) up to.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
time appointed 4287
{4287} Prime
προθέσμιος
prothesmios
{proth-es'-mee-os}
From G4253 and a derivative of G5087; fixed beforehand, that is, (feminine with G2250 implied) a designated day.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
father. 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:1-7.


Galatians 4:2

_ _ tutors and governors — rather, “guardians (of the person) and stewards (of the property).” Answering to “the law was our schoolmaster” or “tutor” (Galatians 3:24).

_ _ until the time appointed of the father — in His eternal purposes (Ephesians 1:9-11). The Greek is a legal term, expressing a time defined by law, or testamentary disposition.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:2

But is under tutors — As to his person. And stewards — As to his substance.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 4:2

But is under tutors and governors (a) until the time appointed of the father.

(a) This is added because he that is always under a tutor or governor may hardly be considered a freeman.

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