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Galatians 4:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So that thou art no longer a bondservant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir through God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir through God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— So thou art no longer bondman, but son; but if son, heir also through God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So that, no longer, art thou a servant, but a son; and, if a son, an heir also, through God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— so that thou art no more a servant, but a son, and if a son, also an heir of God through Christ.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore, now he is not a servant, but a son. And if a son, an heir also through God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore thou art no more a seruant, but a sonne; and if a sonne, then an heire of God through Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Therefore you are not servants, but sons; and if sons, heirs also of Aloha, through Jeshu Meshiha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore, ye are no longer servants, but sons; and if sons, then heirs of God; through Jesus the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 5620
{5620} Prime
ὥστε
hoste
{hoce'-teh}
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
thou art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
no more 3765
{3765} Prime
οὐκέτι
ouketi
{ook-et'-ee}
From G3756 and G2089; not yet, no longer.
a servant, 1401
{1401} Prime
δοῦλος
doulos
{doo'-los}
From G1210; a slave (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily; frequently therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subserviency).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
a son; 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
a son, 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
then 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
an heir 2818
{2818} Prime
κληρονόμος
kleronomos
{klay-ron-om'-os}
From G2819 and the base of G3551 (in its original sense of partitioning, that is, [reflexively] getting by apportionment); a sharer by lot, that is, an inheritor (literally or figuratively); by implication a possessor.
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:1-7.


Galatians 4:7

_ _ Wherefore — Conclusion inferred from Galatians 4:4-6.

_ _ thou — individualizing and applying the truth to each. Such an individual appropriation of this comforting truth God grants in answer to them who cry, “Abba, Father.”

_ _ heir of God through Christ — The oldest manuscripts read, “an heir through God.” This combines on behalf of man, the whole before-mentioned agency, of THE TRINITY: the Father sent His Son and the Spirit; the Son has freed us from the law; the Spirit has completed our sonship. Thus the redeemed are heirs THROUGH the Triune God, not through the law, nor through fleshly descent [Windischmann in Alford]; (Galatians 3:18 confirms this).

_ _ heir — confirming Galatians 3:29; compare Romans 8:17.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:7

Wherefore thou — Who believest in Christ. Art no more a servant — Like those who are under the law. But a son — Of mature age. And if a son, then an heir of all the promises, and of the all — sufficient God himself.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 4:7

Wherefore thou art no more a (h) servant, but a son; and if a son, then an (i) heir of God through Christ.

(h) The word "servant" is not taken here for one that lives in sin, which is appropriate for the unfaithful, but for one that is yet under the ceremonies of the Law, which is proper to the Jews.

(i) Partaker of his blessings.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou:

Galatians 4:1-2 Now I say, [That] the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; ... But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father.
Galatians 4:5-6 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. ... And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
Galatians 4:31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.
Galatians 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

but:

Galatians 3:26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

if:

Galatians 3:29 And if ye [be] Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
Romans 8:16-17 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: ... And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together.

heir:

Genesis 15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I [am] thy shield, [and] thy exceeding great reward.
Genesis 17:7-8 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. ... And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.
Psalms 16:5 The LORD [is] the portion of mine inheritance and of my cup: thou maintainest my lot.
Psalms 73:26 My flesh and my heart faileth: [but] God [is] the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.
Jeremiah 10:16 The portion of Jacob [is] not like them: for he [is] the former of all [things]; and Israel [is] the rod of his inheritance: The LORD of hosts [is] his name.
Jeremiah 31:33 But this [shall be] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Jeremiah 32:38-41 And they shall be my people, and I will be their God: ... Yea, I will rejoice over them to do them good, and I will plant them in this land assuredly with my whole heart and with my whole soul.
Lamentations 3:24 The LORD [is] my portion, saith my soul; therefore will I hope in him.
1 Corinthians 3:21-23 Therefore let no man glory in men. For all things are yours; ... And ye are Christ's; and Christ [is] God's.
2 Corinthians 6:16-18 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in [them]; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. ... And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
Revelation 21:7 He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:1; 17:7. Ps 16:5; 73:26. Jr 10:16; 31:33; 32:38. Lm 3:24. Ro 8:16. 1Co 3:21. 2Co 6:16. Ga 3:26, 29; 4:1, 5, 31; 5:1. Rv 21:7.

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