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Galatians 4:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but ye know that because of an infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you the first time:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but you know that it was because of a bodily illness that I preached the gospel to you the first time;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye know that in infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel to you at the first.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But ye know that in weakness of the flesh I announced the glad tidings to you at the first;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Howbeit ye know that, by reason of a weakness of the flesh, I myself announced the glad-message unto you, formerly;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and ye have known that through infirmity of the flesh I did proclaim good news to you at the first,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And you know how, through infirmity of the flesh, I preached the gospel to you heretofore: and your temptation in my flesh
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ye know how through infirmitie of the flesh, I preached the Gospel vnto you at the first.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For you know that in infirmity of my flesh I preached to you at the first.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For ye know, that under the infirmity of my flesh, I at first announced the gospel to you;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
y1161
[1161] Standard
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Ye x1161
(1161) Complement
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
how 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
infirmity 769
{0769} Prime
ἀσθένεια
astheneia
{as-then'-i-ah}
From G0772; feebleness (of body or mind); by implication malady; moral frailty.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
flesh 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
I preached the gospel 2097
{2097} Prime
εὐαγγελίζω
euaggelizo
{yoo-ang-ghel-id'-zo}
From G2095 and G0032; to announce good news ('evangelize') especially the gospel.
z5668
<5668> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 88
unto you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
at the first. 4386
{4386} Prime
πρότερον
proteron
{prot'-er-on}
Neuter of G4387 as adverb (with or without the article); previously.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Galatians 4:13

_ _ how through infirmity — rather, as Greek, “Ye know that because of an infirmity of my flesh I preached,” etc. He implies that bodily sickness, having detained him among them, contrary to his original intentions, was the occasion of his preaching the Gospel to them.

_ _ at the first — literally, “at the former time”; implying that at the time of writing he had been twice in Galatia. See my Introduction; also see on Galatians 4:16, and see on Galatians 5:21. His sickness was probably the same as recurred more violently afterward, “the thorn in the flesh” (2 Corinthians 12:7), which also was overruled to good (2 Corinthians 12:9, 2 Corinthians 12:10), as the “infirmity of the flesh” here.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Galatians 4:12-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Galatians 4:13

I preached to you, notwithstanding infirmity of the flesh — That is, notwithstanding bodily weakness, and under great disadvantage from the despicableness of my outward appearance.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Galatians 4:13

Ye know how through (m) infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.

(m) Many afflictions.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
through:

1 Corinthians 2:3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
2 Corinthians 10:10 For [his] letters, say they, [are] weighty and powerful; but [his] bodily presence [is] weak, and [his] speech contemptible.
2 Corinthians 11:6 But though [I be] rude in speech, yet not in knowledge; but we have been throughly made manifest among you in all things.
2 Corinthians 11:30 If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities.
2 Corinthians 12:7-10 And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. ... Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.

at:

Galatians 1:6 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel:
Acts 16:6 Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia,
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Ac 16:6. 1Co 2:3. 2Co 10:10; 11:6, 30; 12:7; 13:4. Ga 1:6.

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