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Romans 1:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the barbarians, both to the wise, and to the unwise.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I am a debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, both to wise and unintelligent:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to wise and to unwise, a debtor, I am:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Both to Greeks and to foreigners, both to wise and to thoughtless, I am a debtor,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To the Greeks and to the barbarians, to the wise and to the unwise, I am a debtor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I am debter both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians, both to the wise, and to the vnwise.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— of the Javnoyee and Barbaroyee, the wise and the foolish, because to every man am I obligated to preach;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Greeks and barbarians, the wise and the unwise: for to every man am I a debtor, to preach [to him].

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I am 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
debtor 3781
{3781} Prime
ὀφειλέτης
opheiletes
{of-i-let'-ace}
From G3784; an ower, that is, a person indebted; figuratively a delinquent; morally a transgressor (against God).
both 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
to the Greeks, 1672
{1672} Prime
Ἕλλην
Hellen
{hel'-lane}
From G1671; a Hellen (Grecian) or inhabitant of Hellas; by extension a Greek speaking person, especially a non-Jew.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to the Barbarians; 915
{0915} Prime
βάρβαρος
barbaros
{bar'-bar-os}
Of uncertain derivation; a foreigner (that is, non Greek).
both 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
to the wise, 4680
{4680} Prime
σοφός
sophos
{sof-os'}
Akin to σαφής [[saphes]] (clear); wise (in a most general application).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to the unwise. 453
{0453} Prime
ἀνόητος
anoetos
{an-o'-ay-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G3539; unintelligent; by implication sensual.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 1:14-15

_ _ I am debtor both to the Greeks — cultivated

_ _ and to the Barbarians — rude.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 1:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 1:14

To the Greeks and the barbarians — He includes the Romans under the Greeks; so that this division comprises all nations. Both to the wise, and the unwise — For there were unwise even among the Greeks, and wise even among the barbarians. I am a debtor to all — I am bound by my divine mission to preach the gospel to them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
debtor:

Romans 8:12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh.
Romans 13:8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
*Gr:
Acts 9:15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:
Acts 13:2-4 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. ... So they, being sent forth by the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from thence they sailed to Cyprus.
Acts 22:21 And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles.
Acts 26:17-18 Delivering thee from the people, and [from] the Gentiles, unto whom now I send thee, ... To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
1 Corinthians 9:16-23 For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel! ... And this I do for the gospel's sake, that I might be partaker thereof with [you].
2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.

Greeks:

Acts 28:4 And when the barbarians saw the [venomous] beast hang on his hand, they said among themselves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live.
1 Corinthians 14:11 Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh [shall be] a barbarian unto me.
Colossians 3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond [nor] free: but Christ [is] all, and in all.

both to:

Romans 1:22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
Romans 11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.
Romans 12:16 [Be] of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not wise in your own conceits.
Romans 16:19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all [men]. I am glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil.
Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.
Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.
1 Corinthians 1:19-22 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent. ... For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom:
1 Corinthians 2:13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise.
1 Corinthians 9:16 For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel!
2 Corinthians 10:12 For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves: but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise.
2 Corinthians 11:19 For ye suffer fools gladly, seeing ye [yourselves] are wise.
Ephesians 5:15-17 See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise, ... Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord [is].
James 3:17-18 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy. ... And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.

to the unwise:

Proverbs 1:22 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?
Proverbs 8:5 O ye simple, understand wisdom: and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart.
Isaiah 35:8 And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it [shall be] for those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err [therein].
1 Corinthians 14:16 Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest?
1 Corinthians 14:23-24 If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in [those that are] unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad? ... But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or [one] unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all:
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 1:22; 8:5. Is 35:8. Mt 11:25. Lk 10:21. Ac 9:15; 13:2; 22:21; 26:17; 28:4. Ro 1:22; 8:12; 11:25; 12:16; 13:8; 16:19. 1Co 1:19; 2:13; 3:18; 9:16; 14:11, 16, 23. 2Co 10:12; 11:19. Ep 5:15. Col 3:11. 2Ti 2:10. Tit 3:3. Jm 3:17.

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