Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Romans 1:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping animals.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into [the] likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and quadrupeds and reptiles.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God, for the likeness of an image of a corruptible man, and of birds and fourfooted beasts and reptiles:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of fowls, and of quadrupeds, and of reptiles.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of the image of a corruptible man and of birds, and of fourfooted beasts and of creeping things.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And changed the glory of the vncorruptible God, into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birdes, and foure footed beasts, and creeping things:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And they changed the glory of Aloha the Incorruptible into the likeness of the image of corruptible man, and into the likeness of birds and of four-footed (beasts) and of reptiles of the earth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they changed the glory of the incorruptible God into a likeness to the image of a corruptible man, and into the likeness of birds and quadrupeds and reptiles on the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
changed 236
{0236} Prime
ἀλλάσσω
allasso
{al-las'-so}
From G0243; to make different.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
glory 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
uncorruptible 862
{0862} Prime
ἄφθαρτος
aphthartos
{af'-thar-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G5351; undecaying (in essence or continuance).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
into 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
an image 1504
{1504} Prime
εἰκών
eikon
{i-kone'}
From G1503; a likeness, that is, (literally) statue, profile, or (figuratively) representation, resemblance.
made like y3667
[3667] Standard
ὁμοίωμα
homoioma
{hom-oy'-o-mah}
From G3666; a form; abstractly resemblance.
to x3667
(3667) Complement
ὁμοίωμα
homoioma
{hom-oy'-o-mah}
From G3666; a form; abstractly resemblance.
corruptible 5349
{5349} Prime
φθαρτός
phthartos
{fthar-tos'}
From G5351; decayed, that is, (by implication) perishable.
man, 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to birds, 4071
{4071} Prime
πετεινόν
peteinon
{pet-i-non'}
Neuter of a derivative of G4072; a flying animal, that is, bird.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
fourfooted beasts, 5074
{5074} Prime
τετράπους
tetrapous
{tet-rap'-ooce}
From G5064 and G4228; a quadruped.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
creeping things. 2062
{2062} Prime
ἑρπετόν
herpeton
{her-pet-on'}
Neuter of a derivative of ἕρπω [[herpo]] (to creep); a reptile, that is, (by Hebraism (compare [H7431]) a small animal.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Romans 1:22-23.


Romans 1:23

_ _ And changed — or “exchanged.”

_ _ the glory of the uncorruptible God into — or “for”

_ _ an image ... like to corruptible man — The allusion here is doubtless to the Greek worship, and the apostle may have had in his mind those exquisite chiseling of the human form which lay so profusely beneath and around him as he stood on Mars’ Hill; and “beheld their devotions.” (See on Acts 17:29). But as if that had not been a deep enough degradation of the living God, there was found “a lower deep” still.

_ _ and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and to creeping things — referring now to the Egyptian and Oriental worship. In the face of these plain declarations of the descent of man’s religious belief from loftier to ever lower and more debasing conceptions of the Supreme Being, there are expositors of this very Epistle (as Reiche and Jowett), who, believing neither in any fall from primeval innocence, nor in the noble traces of that innocence which lingered even after the fall and were only by degrees obliterated by willful violence to the dictates of conscience, maintain that man’s religious history has been all along a struggle to rise, from the lowest forms of nature worship, suited to the childhood of our race, into that which is more rational and spiritual.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 1:19-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 1:23

And changed — With the utmost folly. Here are three degrees of ungodliness and of punishment: the first is described, Romans 1:21-24; the second, Romans 1:25-27; the third, in Romans 1:28, and following verses. The punishment in each case is expressed by God gave them up. If a man will not worship God as God, he is so left to himself that he throws away his very manhood. Reptiles — Or creeping things; as beetles, and various kinds of serpents.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 1:23

And changed the glory of the (h) uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.

(h) For the true God they substituted another.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
changed:

Romans 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
Psalms 106:20 Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass.
Jeremiah 2:11 Hath a nation changed [their] gods, which [are] yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for [that which] doth not profit.

an image:

Deuteronomy 4:15-18 Take ye therefore good heed unto yourselves; for ye saw no manner of similitude on the day [that] the LORD spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire: ... The likeness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of any fish that [is] in the waters beneath the earth:
Deuteronomy 5:8 Thou shalt not make thee [any] graven image, [or] any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the waters beneath the earth:
Psalms 115:5-8 They have mouths, but they speak not: eyes have they, but they see not: ... They that make them are like unto them; [so is] every one that trusteth in them.
Psalms 135:15-18 The idols of the heathen [are] silver and gold, the work of men's hands. ... They that make them are like unto them: [so is] every one that trusteth in them.
Isaiah 40:18 To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him?
Isaiah 40:26 Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these [things], that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that [he is] strong in power; not one faileth.
Isaiah 44:13 The carpenter stretcheth out [his] rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.
Ezekiel 8:10 So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, pourtrayed upon the wall round about.
Acts 17:29 Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device.
1 Corinthians 12:2 Ye know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as ye were led.
1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
Revelation 9:20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:15; 5:8. Ps 106:20; 115:5; 135:15. Is 40:18, 26; 44:13. Jr 2:11. Ezk 8:10. Ac 17:29. Ro 1:25. 1Co 12:2. 1P 4:3. Rv 9:20.

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To correct the previous comment, at birth Jesus was worshipped(matthew 2:11, in his earthly ministry he was worshipped(matthew 14:33, 15:25 and many others) after resurrection he was worshipped(Luke 24:52), the angels worship him(hebrew 1:6) yet he said man should worship only God matt 4:10, luke4:8) because he the son is also reffered to as God(hebrews 1:8). "...He who acknowledges the Son has the father also"(1 John 2:22). "Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him"(psalm 2:12). We yet worship one God.
- Mudia (2/13/2012 1:59:39 AM)
If read carefully, Romans 1:17-23 together with verse 25 exposes the crime of the Trinitarian Christians, Buddhists and Rastafarians today. God clearly showed them that He is Unseen through His creation of the ANGELS, the AIR, SPACE, GRAVITY and TIME, yet they choose to worship MAN (Jesus, Buddha, Haile Selassie, the saints and others) instead of the One God "whom no man hath seen nor can see" ignoring what He told them in Numbers 23:19 reports that “GOD is NOT a MAN, that He should lie; nor the SON OF MAN (Jesus) that He should repent . . . .” But Real Eyes Realize Real Lies!
- The Undisputed Truth (2/11/2012 9:40:28 AM)
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