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Romans 1:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, [even] his everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —for from [the] world's creation the invisible things of him are perceived, being apprehended by the mind through the things that are made, both his eternal power and divinity,—so as to render them inexcusable.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the unseen things of him, from a world's creation, by the things made, being perceived, are clearly seen, even his eternal power and divinity,—to the end they should be without excuse;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the invisible things of Him from the creation of the world, by the things made being understood, are plainly seen, both His eternal power and Godhead—to their being inexcusable;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made. His eternal power also and divinity: so that they are inexcusable.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the inuisible things of him from the Creation of the world, are clearely seene, being vnderstood by the things that are made, [euen] his eternall Power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the occult things of Aloha from the foundations of the world, unto his creatures by intelligence are apparent, and his power and his Godhead eternal, that they may be without excuse.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For, from the foundations of the world, the occult things of God are seen, by the intellect, in the things he created, even his eternal power and divinity; so that they might be without excuse;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
invisible things 517
{0517} Prime
ἀόρατος
aoratos
{ah-or'-at-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3707; invisible.
of him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the creation 2937
{2937} Prime
κτίσις
ktisis
{ktis'-is}
From G2936; original formation (properly the act; by implication the thing, literally or figuratively).
of the world 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
are clearly seen, 2529
{2529} Prime
καθοράω
kathorao
{kath-or-ah'-o}
From G2596 and G3708; to behold fully, that is, (figuratively) distinctly apprehend.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
being understood 3539
{3539} Prime
νοέω
noeo
{no-eh'-o}
From G3563; to exercise the mind (observe), that is, (figuratively) to comprehend, heed.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
by the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
things that are x4161
(4161) Complement
ποίημα
poiema
{poy'-ay-mah}
From G4160; a product, that is, fabric (literally or figuratively).
made, y4161
[4161] Standard
ποίημα
poiema
{poy'-ay-mah}
From G4160; a product, that is, fabric (literally or figuratively).
[even] 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
x3739
(3739) Complement
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
eternal 126
{0126} Prime
ἀΐδιος
aidios
{ah-id'-ee-os}
From G0104; everduring (forward and backward, or foward only).
power 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Godhead; 2305
{2305} Prime
θειότης
theiotes
{thi-ot'-ace}
From G2304; divinity (abstractly).
so y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
that they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
are 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
without excuse: 379
{0379} Prime
ἀναπολόγητος
anapologetos
{an-ap-ol-og'-ay-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of G0626; indefensible.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 1:20

_ _ For the invisible things of him from — or “since”

_ _ the creation of the world are clearly seen — the mind brightly beholding what the eye cannot discern.

_ _ being understood by the things that are made — Thus, the outward creation is not the parent but the interpreter of our faith in God. That faith has its primary sources within our own breast (Romans 1:19); but it becomes an intelligible and articulate conviction only through what we observe around us (“by the things which are made,” Romans 1:20). And thus are the inner and the outer revelation of God the complement of each other, making up between them one universal and immovable conviction that God is. (With this striking apostolic statement agree the latest conclusions of the most profound speculative students of Theism).

_ _ even his eternal power and Godhead — both that there is an Eternal Power, and that this is not a mere blind force, or pantheistic “spirit of nature,” but the power of a living Godhead.

_ _ so that they are without excuse — all their degeneracy being a voluntary departure from truth thus brightly revealed to the unsophisticated spirit.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 1:19-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 1:20

For those things of him which are invisible, are seen — By the eye of the mind. Being understood — They are seen by them, and them only, who use their understanding

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 1:20

For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being (d) understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:

(d) You do not see God, and yet you acknowledge him as God by his works; Cicero.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
For the:

John 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared [him].
Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
1 Timothy 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
1 Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
Hebrews 11:27 By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.

from the:

Romans 1:19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed [it] unto them.
Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Job 31:26-28 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking [in] brightness; ... This also [were] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judge: for I should have denied the God [that is] above.
Psalms 8:3 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;
Psalms 33:6-9 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. ... For he spake, and it was [done]; he commanded, and it stood fast.
Psalms 104:5 [Who] laid the foundations of the earth, [that] it should not be removed for ever.
Psalms 104:31 The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice in his works.
Psalms 119:90 Thy faithfulness [is] unto all generations: thou hast established the earth, and it abideth.
Psalms 139:13 For thou hast possessed my reins: thou hast covered me in my mother's womb.
Psalms 148:8-12 Fire, and hail; snow, and vapour; stormy wind fulfilling his word: ... Both young men, and maidens; old men, and children:
Matthew 5:45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.

even his:

Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
Genesis 21:33 And [Abraham] planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.
Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God [is thy] refuge, and underneath [are] the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy [them].
Psalms 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou [art] God.
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 26:4 Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH [is] everlasting strength:
Isaiah 40:26 Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these [things], that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that [he is] strong in power; not one faileth.
1 Timothy 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Godhead:

Acts 17:29 Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device.
Colossians 2:9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.

so that they are:
or, that they may be,
Romans 2:1 Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things.
Romans 2:15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and [their] thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)
John 15:22 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin.

without:

Acts 22:1 Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defence [which I make] now unto you.
*Gr.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 21:33. Dt 4:19; 33:27. Jb 31:26. Ps 8:3; 33:6; 90:2; 104:5, 31; 119:90; 139:13; 148:8. Is 9:6; 26:4; 40:26. Mt 5:45. Jn 1:18; 15:22. Ac 17:29; 22:1. Ro 1:19; 2:1, 15; 16:26. Col 1:15; 2:9. 1Ti 1:17; 6:16. He 9:14; 11:27.

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