NASB — 1 Samuel 25 — KJV

Samuel’s Death

1 aThen Samuel died; and all Israel gathered together and bmourned for him, and cburied him at his house in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the dwilderness of Paran.

[1] a1S 28:3 bNu 20:29; Dt 34:8 c2K 21:18; 2Ch 33:20 dGn 21:21; Nu 10:12; 13:3

Nabal and Abigail

2 ¶ Now [there was] a man in aMaon whose business was in bCarmel; and the man was very Irich, and he had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And it came about while che was shearing his sheep in Carmel 3 (now the man’s name was Nabal, and his awife’s name was Abigail. And the woman was Iintelligent and beautiful in appearance, but the man was harsh and evil in [his] dealings, and he was ba Calebite), 4 that David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep. 5 So David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, “Go up to Carmel, Ivisit Nabal and greet him in my name; 6 and thus you shall say, ‘IHave a long life, apeace be to you, and peace be to your house, and peace be to all that you have. 7 Now I have heard athat you have shearers; now your shepherds have been with us and we have not insulted them, bnor have they missed anything all the days they were in Carmel. 8 Ask your young men and they will tell you. Therefore let [my] young men find favor in your eyes, for we have come on aa Ifestive day. Please give whatever you find at hand to your servants and to your son David.’”

[2] ILit great a1S 23:24 bJsh 15:55 cGn 38:13; 2S 13:23
[3] ILit of good understanding aPv 31:10 bJsh 15:13; 1S 30:14
[5] ILit go into
[6] ILit To life a1Ch 12:18; Ps 122:7; Lk 10:5
[7] a2S 13:23, 24 b1S 25:15, 21
[8] ILit good aNe 8:10-12; Es 9:19, 22

9 ¶ When David’s young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in David’s name; then they waited. 10 But Nabal answered David’s servants and said, “aWho is David? And who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants today who are each breaking away from his master. 11 Shall I then atake my bread and my water and my meat that I have slaughtered for my shearers, and give it to men Iwhose origin I do not know?” 12 So David’s young men retraced their way and went back; and they came and told him according to all these words. 13 David said to his men, “Each [of you] gird on his sword.” So each man girded on his sword. And David also girded on his sword, and about afour hundred men went up behind David while two hundred bstayed with the baggage.

[10] aJg 9:28
[11] ILit from where they are aJg 8:6, 15
[13] a1S 23:13 b1S 30:24

14 ¶ But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, saying, “Behold, David sent messengers from the wilderness to Iagreet our master, and he scorned them. 15 Yet the men were very good to us, and we were not ainsulted, nor did we miss anything Ias long as we went about with them, while we were in the fields. 16 aThey were a wall to us both by night and by day, all the time we were with them tending the sheep. 17 Now therefore, know and Iconsider what you should do, for evil is plotted against our master and against all his household; and he is such a IIworthless man that no one can speak to him.”

[14] ILit bless a1S 13:10; 15:13
[15] ILit all the days a1S 25:7, 21
[16] aEx 14:22; Jb 1:10
[17] ILit see IILit son of Belial

Abigail Intercedes

18 ¶ Then Abigail hurried and atook two hundred [loaves] of bread and two jugs of wine and five sheep already prepared and five measures of roasted grain and a hundred clusters of raisins and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded [them] on donkeys. 19 She said to her young men, “aGo on before me; behold, I am coming after you.” But she did not tell her husband Nabal. 20 It came about as she was riding on her donkey and coming down by the hidden part of the mountain, that behold, David and his men were coming down toward her; so she met them. 21 Now David had said, “Surely in vain I have guarded all that this [man] has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belonged to him; and he has areturned me evil for good. 22 aMay God do so to the enemies of David, and more also, bif by morning I leave [as much as] one Imale of any who belong to him.”

[18] a2S 16:1; 1Ch 12:40
[19] aGn 32:16, 20
[21] aPs 109:5; Pv 17:13
[22] ILit who urinates against the wall a1S 3:17; 20:13 b1K 14:10

23 ¶ When Abigail saw David, she hurried and dismounted from her donkey, and fell on her face before David aand bowed herself to the ground. 24 She fell at his feet and said, “On me Ialone, my lord, be the blame. And please let your maidservant speak IIto you, and listen to the words of your maidservant. 25 Please do not let my lord Ipay attention to this IIworthless man, Nabal, for as his name is, so is he. IIINabal is his name and folly is with him; but I your maidservant did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent.

[23] a1S 20:41
[24] ILit even me IILit in your ears
[25] ILit set his heart to IILit man of Belial IIII.e. Fool

26 ¶ “Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, since the LORD has restrained you from Ishedding blood, and afrom IIavenging yourself by your own hand, now then blet your enemies and those who seek evil against my lord, be as Nabal. 27 Now let athis Igift which your maidservant has brought to my lord be given to the young men who IIaccompany my lord. 28 Please forgive athe transgression of your maidservant; for bthe LORD will certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord is cfighting the battles of the LORD, and devil will not be found in you all your days. 29 Should anyone rise up to pursue you and to seek your Ilife, then the Ilife of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living with the LORD your God; but the Ilives of your enemies aHe will sling out IIas from the hollow of a sling. 30 And when the LORD does for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you, and aappoints you ruler over Israel, 31 this will not Icause grief or a troubled heart to my lord, both by having shed blood without cause and by my lord having IIavenged himself. aWhen the LORD deals well with my lord, then remember your maidservant.”

[26] ILit coming in with blood IILit saving aHe 10:30 b2S 18:32
[27] ILit blessing IILit walk at the feet of aGn 33:11; 1S 30:26
[28] a1S 25:24 b1S 22:14; 2S 7:11, 16 c1S 18:17 d1S 24:11; Ps 7:3
[29] ILit soul IILit in the midst aJr 10:18
[30] a1S 13:14
[31] ILit become staggering to you or a stumbling of the heart IILit saved aGn 40:14; 1S 25:30

32 ¶ Then David said to Abigail, “aBlessed be the LORD God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me, 33 and blessed be your discernment, and blessed be you, awho have kept me this day from Ibloodshed and from IIavenging myself by my own hand. 34 Nevertheless, as the LORD God of Israel lives, awho has restrained me from harming you, unless you had come quickly to meet me, surely there would not have been left to Nabal until the morning light [as much as] one Imale.” 35 So David received from her hand what she had brought him and said to her, “aGo up to your house in peace. See, I have listened to Iyou and IIbgranted your request.”

[32] aEx 18:10; 1K 1:48; Ps 41:13; 72:18; 106:48; Lk 1:68
[33] ILit coming in with blood IILit saving a1S 25:26
[34] ILit who urinates against the wall a1S 25:26
[35] ILit your voice IILit lifted up your face a1S 20:42; 2K 5:19 bGn 19:21

36 ¶ Then Abigail came to Nabal, and behold, he was holding aa feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabal’s heart was merry within him, bfor he was very drunk; so cshe did not tell him anything Iat all until the morning light. 37 But in the morning, when the wine had gone out of Nabal, his wife told him these things, and his heart died within him so that he became [as] a stone. 38 About ten days later, athe LORD struck Nabal and he died.

[36] ILit small or large a2S 13:28 bPv 20:1; Is 5:11; Ho 4:11 c1S 25:19
[38] a1S 26:10; 2S 6:7; Ps 104:29

David Marries Abigail

39 ¶ When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Blessed be the LORD, who has apleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal and bhas kept back His servant from evil. The LORD has also returned the evildoing of Nabal on his own head.” Then David sent Ica proposal to Abigail, to take her as his wife. 40 When the servants of David came to Abigail at Carmel, they spoke to her, saying, “David has sent us to you to take you as his wife.” 41 She arose aand bowed with her face to the ground and said, “Behold, your maidservant is a maid bto wash the feet of my lord’s servants.” 42 Then aAbigail quickly arose, and rode on a donkey, with her five maidens who Iattended her; and she followed the messengers of David and became his wife.

[39] ILit and spoke a1S 24:15; Pv 22:23 b1S 25:26, 34 cSo 8:8
[41] a1S 25:23 bMk 1:7
[42] ILit walked at her feet aGn 24:61-67

43 ¶ David had also taken Ahinoam of aJezreel, and bthey both became his wives.

[43] aJsh 15:56 b1S 27:3; 30:5

44 ¶ Now Saul had given aMichal his daughter, David’s wife, to Palti the son of Laish, who was from bGallim.

[44] a1S 18:27; 2S 3:14 bIs 10:30

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Samuel dieth.

1 ¶ And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.

[1] Gn 14:6; 21:21; 50:11; Nu 10:12; 12:16; 13:3, 26; 20:29; Dt 34:8; 1S 7:17; 28:3; 1K 2:34; 2Ch 33:20; Ps 120:5; Is 14:18; Ac 8:2.

David in Paran sendeth to Nabal.

2 And [there was] a man in Maon, whose possessions [were] in Carmel; and the man [was] very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 3 Now the name of the man [was] Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and [she was] a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man [was] churlish and evil in his doings; and he [was] of the house of Caleb.

[2] Gn 13:2; 26:13; 38:13; Jsh 15:55; 1S 23:24; 30:5; 2S 13:23; 19:32; Jb 1:3; 42:12; Ps 17:14; 73:3; Lk 16:19.
[3] 1S 25:10, 17; Ps 10:3; Pv 14:1; 31:26, 30; Is 32:5.

4 ¶ And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep. 5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name: 6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth [in prosperity], Peace [be] both to thee, and peace [be] to thine house, and peace [be] unto all that thou hast. 7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel. 8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David. 9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.

[4] Gn 38:13; 2S 13:23.
[5] Gn 43:23; 1S 17:22.
[6] 2S 18:28; 1Ch 12:18; Ps 122:7; Mt 10:12; Lk 10:5; Jn 14:27; 1Th 3:8; 2Th 3:16; 1Ti 5:6.
[7] 1S 22:2; 25:15, 21; Is 11:6; Lk 3:14; Php 2:15; 4:8.
[8] 1S 3:6; 24:11; Ne 8:10; Es 9:19; Ec 11:2; Lk 11:41; 14:12.
[9] Gn 8:4; 2K 2:15; 2Ch 14:7.

Provoked by Nabal's churlishness, he mindeth to destroy him.

10 ¶ And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who [is] David? and who [is] the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master. 11 Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give [it] unto men, whom I know not whence they [be]? 12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings. 13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.

[10] Ex 5:2; Jg 9:28; 1S 20:30; 22:2, 7; 2S 20:1; 1K 12:16; Ps 73:7; 123:3; Ec 7:10; Is 32:5, 7.
[11] Dt 8:17; Jg 8:6; 1S 24:13; 25:3, 14; Jb 31:17; Ps 73:7; Ec 11:1; Jn 9:29; 2Co 6:9; Ga 6:10; 1P 4:9.
[12] 2S 24:13; Is 36:21; He 13:17.
[13] Jsh 9:14; 1S 24:5; 30:9, 21; Pv 14:29; 16:32; 19:2, 11; 25:8; Ro 12:19; Jm 1:19.

Abigail understanding thereof,

14 ¶ But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master; and he railed on them. 15 But the men [were] very good unto us, and we were not hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with them, when we were in the fields: 16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep. 17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he [is such] a son of Belial, that [a man] cannot speak to him.

[14] Mk 15:29.
[15] 1S 25:7, 21; Php 2:15.
[16] Ex 14:22; Jb 1:10; Jr 15:20; Zc 2:5.
[17] Dt 13:13; Jg 19:22; 1S 2:12; 20:7, 9, 32, 33; 25:25; 2S 23:6; 1K 21:10, 13; 2K 5:13; 2Ch 13:7; 25:16; Es 7:7.

taketh a present,

18 ¶ Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched [corn], and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid [them] on asses. 19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal. 20 And it was [so, as] she rode on the ass, that she came down by the covert of the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down against her; and she met them. 21 Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this [fellow] hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that [pertained] unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good. 22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that [pertain] to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.

[18] Gn 32:13; 43:11; Nu 16:46; 1S 25:34; 2S 16:1; 17:28; Pv 6:4; 18:16; 21:14; Mt 5:25.
[19] Gn 32:16, 20; Pv 31:11, 27.
[20] 2K 4:24.
[21] Gn 44:4; 1S 25:13; Jb 30:8; Ps 35:12; 37:8; 38:20; 109:3; Pv 17:13; Jr 18:20; Ro 12:21; Ep 4:26, 31; 1Th 5:15; 1P 2:20, 21; 3:9, 17.
[22] Ru 1:17; 1S 3:17; 14:44; 20:13, 16; 25:32, 34; 1K 14:10; 16:11; 21:21; 2K 9:8.

and by her wisdom

23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, 24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, [upon] me [let this] iniquity [be]: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid. 25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, [even] Nabal: for as his name [is], so [is] he; Nabal [is] his name, and folly [is] with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send. 26 Now therefore, my lord, [as] the LORD liveth, and [as] thy soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to [shed] blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal. 27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord. 28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee [all] thy days. 29 Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out, [as out] of the middle of a sling. 30 And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel; 31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.

[23] Jsh 15:18; Jg 1:14; 1S 20:41; 24:8.
[24] Gn 44:18, 33; 1S 25:28; 2S 14:9, 12; 2K 4:37; Es 8:3; Mt 18:29; Phm 1:18.
[25] 1S 25:17, 26; 2S 13:33; Is 42:25; Mal 2:2.
[26] Gn 20:6; 1S 1:26; 22:3; 25:33, 34; 2S 18:32; 2K 2:2; 4:6; Ps 18:47; 44:3; Jr 29:22; Dn 4:19; Ro 12:19.
[27] Gn 33:11; Jg 4:10; 1S 25:42; 30:26; 2S 16:2; 2K 5:15; 2Co 9:5.
[28] 1S 15:28; 17:47; 18:17; 24:6, 11, 17; 25:24; 2S 5:2; 7:11, 16, 27; 1K 9:5; 15:5; 1Ch 17:10, 25; 2Ch 20:15; Ps 89:29; 119:1; Mt 5:16; Lk 23:41, 47; Ep 6:10.
[29] Gn 15:1; Dt 33:29; 1S 2:9; Ps 66:9; 116:15; Jr 10:18; Mal 3:17; Mt 10:29; Jn 10:27; 14:19; 17:21, 23; Col 3:3; 1P 1:5.
[30] 1S 13:14; 15:28; 23:17; Ps 89:20.
[31] Gn 40:14; 1S 24:15; 25:33, 40; 26:23; 2S 22:48; Ps 94:1; Pv 5:12; Lk 23:42; Ro 12:19; 14:21; 2Co 1:12.

pacifieth David.

32 ¶ And David said to Abigail, Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me: 33 And blessed [be] thy advice, and blessed [be] thou, which hast kept me this day from coming to [shed] blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand. 34 For in very deed, [as] the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall. 35 So David received of her hand [that] which she had brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.

[32] Gn 24:27; Ex 18:10; Ezr 7:27; Ps 41:12; 72:18; Lk 1:68; 2Co 8:16.
[33] 1S 24:19; 25:26, 31; 26:9; Ps 141:5; Pv 9:9; 17:10; 25:12; 27:21; 28:23.
[34] Jsh 10:6, 9; 1S 11:11; 25:18, 22, 26.
[35] Gn 19:21; 1S 20:42; 2S 15:9; 2K 5:19; Jb 34:19; Lk 7:50; 8:48.

Nabal hearing thereof dieth.

36 ¶ And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart [was] merry within him, for he [was] very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light. 37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became [as] a stone. 38 And it came to pass about ten days [after], that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.

[36] 1S 25:19; 2S 13:23, 28; 1K 20:16; Es 1:3; Ps 112:5; Pv 20:1; 23:29; Ec 2:2; 10:19; Is 28:3, 7; Jr 51:57; Dn 5:1; Na 1:10; Hab 2:15; Mt 10:16; Lk 14:12; 21:34; Ro 13:13; Ep 5:14, 18; 1Th 5:7.
[37] Dt 28:28; 1S 25:22, 34; Jb 15:21; Pv 23:29.
[38] Ex 12:29; 1S 6:9; 25:33; 2K 15:5; 19:35; 2Ch 10:15; Ac 12:23.

David taketh Abigail and Ahinoam to be his wives.

39 ¶ And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed [be] the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife. 40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife. 41 And she arose, and bowed herself on [her] face to the earth, and said, Behold, [let] thine handmaid [be] a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord. 42 And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife. 43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives.

[39] Jg 5:2; 1S 25:26, 32, 34; 2S 3:28; 22:47; 1K 2:44; Es 7:10; Ps 7:16; 58:10; Pv 18:22; 19:14; 22:23; 31:10, 30; Lm 3:58; Ho 2:6; Mi 7:9; 2Co 13:7; 1Th 5:23; 2Ti 4:18; Rv 19:1.
[40] Gn 24:37, 51.
[41] Gn 18:4; Ru 2:10, 13; Pv 15:33; 18:12; Jn 13:3; 1Ti 5:10.
[42] Gn 24:61; 1S 25:27; Ps 45:10.
[43] Gn 2:24; Jsh 15:56; 1S 27:3; 30:5; 2S 3:2; 5:13; Mt 19:5, 8.

Michal is given to Phalti.

44 ¶ But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which [was] of Gallim.

[44] 1S 18:20, 27; 2S 3:14; Is 10:30.

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