Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

1 Samuel 25:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail; and the woman was of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now the name of the man [was] Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and [she was] a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man [was] churlish and evil in his doings; and he [was] of the house of Caleb.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— (now the man’s name was Nabal, and his wife’s name was Abigail. And the woman was intelligent and beautiful in appearance, but the man was harsh and evil in [his] dealings, and he was a Calebite),
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now the name of the man [was] Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and [she was] a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man [was] churlish and evil in his doings; and he [was] of the house of Caleb.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail; and the woman was of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance; but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was a Calebite.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the name of the man, was Nabal, and, the name of his wife, Abigail,—and, the woman, was of good understanding, and of beautiful figure,—but, the man, was unfeeling and of evil practices, and he was a Calebite.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the name of the man [is] Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail, and the woman [is] of good understanding, and of fair form, and the man [is] hard and evil [in] doings; and he [is] a Calebite.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the name of the man was Nabal: and the name of his wife was Abigail. And she was a prudent and very comely woman: but her husband was churlish, and very bad and ill natured: and he was of the house of Caleb.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now the name of the man [was] Nabal, and the name of his wife, Abigail: and shee [was] a woman of good vnderstanding, and of a beautifull countenance: but the man [was] churlish and euill in his doings, and hee [was] of the house of Caleb.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the man's name [was] Nabal, and his wife's name [was] Abigail{gr.Abigaia}: and his wife [was] of good understanding and very beautiful in person: but the man [was] harsh, and evil in his doings, and the man [was] churlish.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now the name of the man [was] Naval; and the name of his wife Avigayil: and [she was] a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man [was] churlish and evil in his doings; and he [was] of the house of Kalev.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of the man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[was] Nvl נָבָל; 5037
{5037} Prime
נָבָל
Nabal
{naw-bawl'}
The same as H5036; dolt; Nabal, an Israelite.
and the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of his wife 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
viqyil אֲבִגָיִל: 26
{0026} Prime
אֲבִיגַיִל
'Abiygayil
{ab-ee-gah'-yil}
From H0001 and H1524; father (that is source) of joy; Abigail or Abigal, the name of two Israelitesses.
and [she was] a woman 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
of good 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
understanding, 7922
{7922} Prime
שֶׂכֶל
sekel
{seh'-kel}
From H7919; intelligence; by implication success.
and of a beautiful 3303
{3303} Prime
יָפֶה
yapheh
{yaw-feh'}
From H3302; beautiful (literally of figuratively).
countenance: 8389
{8389} Prime
תֹּאַר
to'ar
{to'-ar}
From H8388; outline, that is, figure or appearance.
but the man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[was] churlish 7186
{7186} Prime
קָשֶׁה
qasheh
{kaw-sheh'}
From H7185; severe (in various applications).
and evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
in his doings; 4611
{4611} Prime
מַעֲלָל
ma`alal
{mah-al-awl'}
From H5953; an act (good or bad).
and he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[was] of the house of Clv כָּלֵב. y3614
[3614] Standard
כָּלִבִּי
Kalibbow
{kaw-lib-bo'}
The first form is probably by erroneous transcription for the second form; patronymic from H3612; a Calebite or descendant of Caleb.
x3612
(3612) Complement
כָּלֵב
Kaleb
{kaw-labe'}
Perhaps a form of H3611, or else from the same root in the sense of forcible; Caleb, the name of three Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 25:3

_ _ he was of the house of Caleb — of course, of the same tribe with David himself; but many versions consider Caleb (“dog”) not as a proper, but a common noun, and render it, “he was snappish as a dog.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 25:2-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 25:3

Abigail — That is, the joy of his father: yet he could not promise himself much joy of her, when he married her to such an husband: it seems, in inquiring, (no unfrequent thing) more after his wealth, than after his wisdom. Caleb — This is added to aggravate his crime, that he was a degenerate branch of that noble stock of Caleb, and consequently of the tribe of Judah, as David was.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
good:

Proverbs 14:1 Every wise woman buildeth her house: but the foolish plucketh it down with her hands.
Proverbs 31:26 She openeth her mouth with wisdom; and in her tongue [is] the law of kindness.
Proverbs 31:30-31 Favour [is] deceitful, and beauty [is] vain: [but] a woman [that] feareth the LORD, she shall be praised. ... Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates.

was churlish:

1 Samuel 25:10-11 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who [is] David? and who [is] the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master. ... Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give [it] unto men, whom I know not whence they [be]?
1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he [is such] a son of Belial, that [a man] cannot speak to him.
Psalms 10:3 For the wicked boasteth of his heart's desire, and blesseth the covetous, [whom] the LORD abhorreth.
Isaiah 32:5-7 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said [to be] bountiful. ... The instruments also of the churl [are] evil: he deviseth wicked devices to destroy the poor with lying words, even when the needy speaketh right.

and he was:
Wehoo calibbee, literally, "and he was a Calebite;" but as the word cailev signifies a dog, the Septuagint has understood it as implying a man of canine disposition, and translated it, και ανθρωπος κυνικος, "and he was a doggish man." It is understood in the same way by the Syriac and Arabic.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 25:10, 17. Ps 10:3. Pv 14:1; 31:26, 30. Is 32:5.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on 1 Samuel 25:3.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on 1 Samuel 25:3


Recent Chat Bible Comments