1 Furthermore, Ahithophel° said° to Absalom°, “Please° let me choose° 12,000°°° men° that I may arise° and pursue° David° tonight°. 2 aI will come° upon him while he is weary° and Iexhausted°° and terrify° him, so that all° the people° who° are with him will flee°. Then bI will strike° down° the king° alone°, 3 and I will bring° back° all° the people° to you. IThe return° of everyone° depends on the man° you seek°; [then] all° the people° will be at apeace°.” 4 So the Iplan° pleased°° Absalom° and all° the elders° of Israel°.
 ILit slack of hands a2S 16:14 b1K 22:31
 ILit Like the return of the whole is the man whom you seek aJr 6:14
 ILit word was pleasing in the sight of
5 ¶ Then Absalom° said°, “Now° call° aHushai° the Archite° also°, and let us hear° what° Ihe has to say°.” 6 When° Hushai° had come° to Absalom°, Absalom° said° to Ihim, “Ahithophel° has spoken° IIthus°°. Shall we IIIcarry° out his plan°? If° not, you speak°.” 7 So Hushai° said° to Absalom°, “aThis° time° the advice° that Ahithophel° has Igiven° is not good°.” 8 Moreover, Hushai° said°, “You know° your father° and his men°, that they are mighty° men° and they are Ifierce°°, alike a bear° robbed° of her cubs° in the field°. And your father° is an IIexpert° in warfare°, and will not spend° the night° with the people°. 9 Behold°, he has now° hidden° himself° in one° of the Icaves° or° in another° place°; and it will be IIwhen° he falls° on them at the first° attack, that whoever hears° [it] will say°, ‘There has been° a slaughter° among the people° who° follow° Absalom°.’ 10 And even° the one° who is valiant°°, whose° heart° is like the heart° of a lion°, awill completely° Ilose° heart°; for all° Israel° knows° that your father° is a mighty° man° and those who° are with him are valiant° men°. 11 But I counsel° that all° Israel° be surely° gathered° to you, afrom Dan° even to Beersheba°, bas the sand° that is by the sea° in abundance°, and that Iyou personally° go° into battle°. 12 So we shall come° to him in one° of the places° where°° he can be found°, and we will Ifall° on him aas the dew° falls° on the ground°; and of him and of all° the men° who° are with him, not even° one° will be left°. 13 If° he withdraws° into a city°, then all° Israel° shall bring° ropes° to that city°, and we will adrag° it into the Ivalley° until°° not even° a small° stone° is found° there°.” 14 Then Absalom° and all° the men° of Israel° said°, “The counsel° of Hushai° the Archite° is better° than° the counsel° of Ahithophel°.” For athe LORD° had ordained° to thwart° the good° counsel° of Ahithophel°, so° that the LORD° might bring° calamity° on Absalom°.
 ILit is in his moutheven he a2S 15:32-34
 ILit him, saying IILit according to this word IIILit do his word
 ILit advised a2S 16:21
 ILit bitter of soul IILit man of war aHo 13:8
 ILit pits IILit according to a falling among them
 ILit melt aJsh 2:9-11
 ILit your face go a1S 3:20 bGn 22:17; 1S 13:5
 ILit settle down aPs 110:3; Mi 5:7
 IOr wadi aMi 1:6
 a2S 15:31, 34; Ps 9:15, 16
Hushai’s Warning Saves David
15 ¶ Then aHushai° said° to Zadok° and to Abiathar° the priests°, “IThis° is what° Ahithophel° counseled° Absalom° and the elders° of Israel°, and Ithis° is what° I have counseled°. 16 Now° therefore, send° quickly° and tell° David°, saying°, ‘aDo not spend° the night° at the fords° of the wilderness°, but by all°° means° cross° over°, or° else° the king° and all° the people° who° are with him will be Idestroyed°.’” 17 aNow Jonathan° and Ahimaaz° were staying° at bEn-rogel°, and a maidservant° would go° and tell° them, and they would go° and tell° King° David°, for they could° not be seen° entering° the city°. 18 But a lad° did see° them and told° Absalom°; so the two° of them departed° quickly° and came° to the house° of a man° ain Bahurim°, who had a well° in his courtyard°, and they went° down° Iinto it. 19 And athe woman° Itook° a covering° and spread° it over° the well’s° mouth° and scattered° grain° on it, so that nothing°° was known°. 20 Then Absalom’s° servants° came° to the woman° at the house° and said°, “Where° are Ahimaaz° and Jonathan°?” And athe woman° said° to them, “They have crossed° the brook° of water°.” And when° they searched° and could not find° [them], they returned° to Jerusalem°.
 ILit Thus and thus a2S 15:35, 36
 ILit swallowed up a2S 15:28
 a2S 15:27, 36 bJsh 15:7; 18:16
 ILit there a2S 3:16; 16:5
 ILit took and spread the covering aJsh 2:4-6
 aLv 19:11; Jsh 2:3-5; 1S 19:12-17
21 ¶ It came° about after° they had departed° that they came° up out of the well° and went° and told° King° David°; and they said° to David°, “aArise° and cross° over° the water° quickly° for thus° Ahithophel° has counseled° against° you.” 22 Then David° and all° the people° who° [were] with him arose° and crossed° the Jordan°; and by Idawn°° not even° one° remained° who° had not crossed° the Jordan°.
23 ¶ Now when° Ahithophel° saw° that his counsel° was not Ifollowed°, he IIsaddled° [his] donkey° and arose° and went° to his home°, to ahis city°, and IIIbset° his house° in order°, and cstrangled° himself; thus he died° and was buried° in the grave° of his father°.
24 ¶ Then David° came° to aMahanaim°. And Absalom° crossed° the Jordan°, he and all° the men° of Israel° with him. 25 Absalom° set° aAmasa° over° the army° in place° of Joab°. Now Amasa° was the son° of a man° whose name° was IIthra° the Israelite°, who° went° in to Abigail° the daughter° of bNahash°, sister° of Zeruiah°, Joab’s° mother°. 26 And Israel° and Absalom° camped° in the land° of Gilead°.
 aGn 32:2, 10; 2S 2:8
 IIn 1Ch 2:17, Jether the Ishmaelite a2S 19:13; 20:9-12; 1K 2:5, 32 b1Ch 2:16
27 ¶ Now when David° had come° to Mahanaim°, Shobi° athe son° of Nahash° from bRabbah° of the sons° of Ammon°, cMachir° the son° of Ammiel° from Lo-debar°, and dBarzillai° the Gileadite° from Rogelim°, 28 brought° abeds°, basins°, pottery°, wheat°, barley°, flour°, parched° [grain], beans°, lentils°, parched° [seeds], 29 honey°, curds°, sheep°, and cheese° of the herd°, for David° and for the people° who° [were] with him, ato eat°; for they said°, “The people° are hungry° and weary° and thirsty° in the wilderness°.”
 a1S 11:1; 2S 10:1, 2 b2S 12:26, 29 c2S 9:4 d2S 19:31-39; 1K 2:7
 aPv 11:25; Mt 5:7
 a2S 16:2, 14; Pv 21:26; Ec 11:1; Ro 12:13
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Ahithophel's counsel is overthrown by Hushsai's, according to God's appointment.
1 ¶ Moreover Ahithophelº saidºª unto² Absalom,º Let me now² choose outºª twelveºº thousandº men,º and I will ariseºª and pursueºª afterº Davidº this night:º 2 And I will comeºª upon² him while he² [is] wearyº and weakº handed,º and will make him afraid:ºª² and all² the peopleº that² [are] with² him shall flee;ºª and I will smiteºª² the kingº only:² 3 And I will bring backºª all² the peopleº unto² thee: the manº whom² thou² seekestºª [is] as if all² returned:ºª [so] all² the peopleº shall be² in peace.º 4 And the sayingº pleasedºª Absalomº well,º and all² the eldersº of Israel.º 5 Then saidºª Absalom,º Callºª now² Hushaiº the Architeº also,² and let us hearºª likewise² what² he² saith.º 6 And when Hushaiº was comeºª to² Absalom,º Absalomº spakeºª unto² him, saying,ºª Ahithophelº hath spokenºª after this² manner:º shall we doºª [after]² his saying?º if² not;² speakºª thou.² 7 And Hushaiº saidºª unto² Absalom,º The counselº that² Ahithophelº hath givenºª [is] not² goodº at this² time.º 8 For, saidºª Hushai,º thou² knowestºª² thy fatherº and his men,¹² that² they² [be] mighty men,º and they² [be] chafedº in their minds,º as a bearº robbed¹ of her whelps² in the field:º and thy fatherº [is] a manº of war,º and will not² lodgeºª with² the people.º 9 Behold,² he² is hidºª now² in someº pit,º or² in someº [other] place:º and it will come to pass,² when some of them be overthrownºª at the first,º that whosoever¹ª hearethºª it will say,ºª There is² a slaughterº among the peopleº that² followº Absalom.º 10 And he² also² [that is] valiant,ºº whose² heartº [is] as the heartº of a lion,º shall utterly¹ª melt:ºª for² all² Israelº knowethºª that² thy fatherº [is] a mighty man,º and [they] which² [be] with² him [are] valiantº men.º 11 Therefore² I counselºª that all² Israelº be generallyºª gatheredºª unto² thee, from Danº² even to² Beersheba,º as the sandº that² [is] by² the seaº for multitude;º and that thou goºª to battleº in thine own person.º 12 So shall we comeºª upon² him in someº placeº where²² he shall be found,ºª and we will light¹² upon² him as² the dewº fallethºª on² the ground:º and of him and of all² the men¹² that² [are] with² him there shall not² be leftºª so much² as¹ one.º 13 Moreover, ifº he be gottenºª into² a city,º then shall all² Israelº bringºª ropesº to² that² city,º and we will drawºª it into² the river,º until²² there be not² one¹ small² stoneº foundºª there.² 14 And Absalomº and all² the menº of Israelº said,ºª The counselº of Hushaiº the Architeº [is] betterº than the counselº² of Ahithophel.º For the LORDº had appointedºª to defeatºª² the goodº counselº of Ahithophel,º to the intentº that the LORDº might bringºª evilº upon² Absalom.º
 Ps 3:3; 4:8; 109:2; Pv 1:16; 4:16; Is 59:7.
 Dt 25:18; 2S 16:14; 1K 22:31; Zc 13:7; Mt 21:38; 26:31; Jn 11:50; 18:4.
 2S 3:21; Is 48:22; 57:21; 1Th 5:3.
 1S 18:20; 23:21; 2Ch 30:4; Es 1:21; 5:14; Ro 1:32.
 2S 15:32; 16:16.
 2S 17:6.
 Pv 31:8.
 Jg 18:25; 1S 16:18; 17:34, 50; 23:23; 2S 15:18; 21:18; 23:8, 16, 18, 20; 2K 2:24; 1Ch 11:25; Pv 17:12; 28:15; Dn 7:5; Ho 13:8; He 11:32.
 Jsh 7:5; 8:6; Jg 20:32, 33; 1S 14:14; 22:1; 24:3.
 Gn 49:9; Ex 15:15; Nu 24:8; Dt 1:28; Jsh 2:9; 1S 18:17; 2S 1:23; 23:20; Pv 28:1; So 3:7; Is 13:7; 19:1; He 11:34.
 Gn 13:16; 22:17; Jsh 11:4; Jg 20:1; 2S 12:28; 24:2; 1K 4:20; 20:10; Ps 7:15; 9:16.
 1S 23:23; 1K 20:10; 2K 18:23; 19:24; Is 10:13; Ob 1:3.
 Mt 24:2.
 Gn 32:28; Ex 9:16; Dt 2:30; 2S 15:31, 34; 16:23; 2Ch 25:16, 20; Jb 5:12; Ps 33:9; Pv 19:21; 21:30; Is 8:10; Lm 3:37; Am 9:3; Lk 16:8; 1Co 1:19; 3:19.
Secret intelligence is sent unto David.
15 ¶ Then saidºª Hushaiº unto² Zadokº and to² Abiatharº the priests,º Thus² and thus² did Ahithophelº counselºª² Absalomº and the eldersº of Israel;º and thus² and thus² have I² counselled.ºª 16 Now² therefore sendºª quickly,º and tellºª David,º saying,ºª Lodgeºª not² this nightº in the plainsºª¹ of the wilderness,º but² speedilyºª pass over;ºª lest² the kingº be swallowed up,ºª and all² the peopleº that² [are] with² him. 17 Now Jonathanº and Ahimaazº stayedºª by Enrogel;º for² they mightºª not² be seenºª to comeºª into the city:º and a wenchº wentºª and toldºª them; and they² went¹ª² and toldºª kingº David.º 18 Nevertheless a ladº sawºª them, and toldºª Absalom:º but they went¹ª² bothº of them away quickly,º and cameºª to² a man'sº houseº in Bahurim,º which had a wellº in his court;º whitherº they went down.ºª 19 And the womanº tookºª and spreadºª² a coveringº over² the well'sº mouth,º and spreadºª ground cornº thereon;² and the thingº was not² known.ºª 20 And when Absalom'sº servantsº cameºª to² the womanº to the house,º they said,ºª Where² [is] Ahimaazº and Jonathan?º And the womanº saidºª unto them, They be gone overºª the brookº of water.º And when they had soughtºª and could not² findºª [them], they returnedºª to Jerusalem.º 21 And it came to pass,² afterº they were departed,¹ª² that they came upºª out of the well,º² and went¹ª² and toldºª kingº David,º and saidºª unto² David,º Arise,ºª and pass quickly¹ overºª²² the water:º for² thus² hath Ahithophelº counselledºª against² you. 22 Then Davidº arose,ºª and all² the peopleº that² [were] with² him, and they passed overºª² Jordan:º by² the morningº lightº there lackedºª not² oneº of them that² was not² gone overºª² Jordan.º
 2S 15:35.
 1S 20:38; 2S 15:14, 28; 17:21; 20:19; Ps 35:25; 55:8; 56:2; 57:3; Pv 6:4; Mt 24:16; 1Co 15:54; 2Co 5:4.
 Jsh 2:4; 15:7; 18:16; 2S 15:27, 36; 1K 1:9.
 2S 3:16; 16:5; 19:16.
 Ex 1:19; Jsh 2:4, 5.
 Ex 1:19; Jsh 2:4, 22; 1S 19:14; 21:2; 27:11; 2S 15:34.
 2S 17:1, 15.
 Nu 31:49; 2S 17:24; Pv 27:12; Mt 10:16; Jn 18:9.
Ahithophel hangeth himself.
23 ¶ And when Ahithophelº sawºª that² his counselº was not² followed,ºª he saddledºª [his]² ass,º and arose,ºª and gat² him home¹ª to² his house,º to² his city,º and put²² his householdº in order,¹ª and hanged¹ª himself,² and died,ºª and was buriedºª in the sepulchreº of his father.º 24 Then Davidº cameºª to Mahanaim.º And Absalomº passed overºª² Jordan,º he² and all² the menº of Israelº with² him.
 1S 31:4; 2S 15:12, 31; 1K 16:18; 2K 20:1; Jb 31:3; Ps 5:10; 55:23; Pv 16:18; 19:3; Mt 27:5.
 Gn 32:2; Jsh 13:26; 2S 2:8.
Amasa is made captain.
25 ¶ And Absalomº madeºª Amasaº captain² of the hostº instead² of Joab:º which Amasaº [was] a man'sº son,º whose nameº [was] Ithraº an Israelite,º that² went² in¹ª to² Abigailº the daughterº of Nahash,º sisterº to Zeruiahº Joab'sº mother.º 26 So Israelº and Absalomº pitchedºª in the landº of Gilead.º
David at Mahanaim is furnished with provision.
27 ¶ And it came to pass,² when Davidº was comeºª to Mahanaim,º that Shobiº the sonº of Nahashº of Rabbahº² of the childrenº of Ammon,º and Machirº the sonº of Ammielº of Lodebar,º² and Barzillaiº the Gileaditeº of Rogelim,º² 28 Broughtºª beds,º and basons,º and earthenºª vessels,º and wheat,º and barley,º and flour,º and parchedº [corn], and beans,º and lentiles,º and parchedº [pulse], 29 And honey,º and butter,º and sheep,º and cheeseº of kine,º for David,º and for the peopleº that² [were] with² him, to eat:ºª for² they said,ºª The peopleº [is] hungry,º and weary,º and thirsty,º in the wilderness.º
 1S 11:1; 2S 9:4; 10:1; 12:29; 19:31; 1K 2:7; Ezr 2:61.
 1S 25:18; 2S 16:1; Is 32:8; Ob 1:3.
 Jg 8:4; 1S 17:18; 2S 16:2, 14; 17:2; Ps 34:8; 84:11; Ec 11:1; Is 21:14; 58:7; Lk 8:3; Php 4:15.
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