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2 Samuel 17:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now when David had come to Mahanaim, Shobi the son of Nahash from Rabbah of the sons of Ammon, Machir the son of Ammiel from Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And it came to pass, when David had come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And as soon as David came to Mahanaim, Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, when David entered Mahanaim, that Shobi son of Nahash of Rabbah of the sons of Ammon and Machir son of Ammiel of Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite, of Rogelim,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it cometh to pass at the coming in of David to Mahanaim, that Shobi, son of Nahash, from Rabbah of the Bene-Ammon, and Machir son of Ammiel, from Lo-Debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite, from Rogelim,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when David was come to the camp, Sobi the son of Naas of Rabbath of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammihel of Lodabar and Berzellai the Galaadite of Rogelim,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And it came to passe when Dauid was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the sonne of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the sonne of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite, of Rogelim,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it came to pass when David came to Mahanaim{gr.Manaim}, that Uesbi the son of Nahash{gr.Naas} of Rabbah{gr.Rabbath} of the sons of Ammon, and Machir son of Ammiel{gr.Amiel} of Lodabar, and Barzillai{gr.Berzelli} the Gileadite{gr.Galaadite} of Rogellim,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And it came to pass, when Dawid was come to Machanayim, that Shovi the son of Nachash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Makhir the son of Ammiel of Lo Devar, and Barzillay the Giladi of Roglim,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And it came to pass, x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
when Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
was come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
to Manayim מַחֲנַיִם, 4266
{4266} Prime
מַחֲנַיִם
Machanayim
{makh-an-ah'-yim}
Dual of H4264; double camp; Machanajim, a place in Palestine.
that v שֹׁבִי 7629
{7629} Prime
שֹׁבִי
Shobiy
{sho-bee'}
From H7617; captor; Shobi, an Ammonite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of N נָחָשׁ 5176
{5176} Prime
נָחָשׁ
Nachash
{naw-khawsh'}
The same as H5175; Nachash, the name of two persons apparently non Israelites.
of Rabb רַבָּה 7237
{7237} Prime
רַבָּה
Rabbah
{rab-baw'}
Feminine of H7227; great; Rabbah, the name of two places in Palestine, East and West.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `Ammn עַמּוֹן, 5983
{5983} Prime
עַמּוֹן
`Ammown
{am-mone'}
From H5971; tribal, that is, inbred; Ammon, a son of Lot; also his posterity and their country.
and Mr מָכִיר 4353
{4353} Prime
מָכִיר
Makiyr
{maw-keer'}
From H4376; salesman; Makir, an Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `Amml עַמִּיאֵל 5988
{5988} Prime
עַמִּיאֵל
`Ammiy'el
{am-mee-ale'}
From H5971 and H0410; people of God; Ammiel, the name of three or four Israelites.
of L Dvr לֹא־דְּבָר, 3810
{3810} Prime
לֹא דְבָר
Lo' D@bar
{lo deb-ar'}
From H3808 and H1699; pastureless; lo Debar, a place in Palestine.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and Barzillay בַּרזִלַּי 1271
{1271} Prime
בַּרְזִלַּי
Barzillay
{bar-zil-lah'-ee}
From H1270; iron hearted; Barzillai, the name of three Israelites.
the Gil` גִּלעָדִי 1569
{1569} Prime
גִּלְעָדִי
Gil`adiy
{ghil-aw-dee'}
Patronymic from H1568; a Giladite or descendant of Gilad.
of Rqlm רֹגלִים, 7274
{7274} Prime
רֹגְלִים
Rog@liym
{ro-gel-eem'}
Plural of active participle of H7270; fullers (as tramping the cloth in washing); Rogelim, a place East of the Jordan.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 17:27-29

_ _ when David was come to Mahanaim — The necessities of the king and his followers were hospitably ministered to by three chiefs, whose generous loyalty is recorded with honor in the sacred narrative.

_ _ Shobi — must have been a brother of Hanun. Disapproving, probably, of that young king’s outrage upon the Israelite ambassadors, he had been made governor of Ammon by David on the conquest of that country.

_ _ Machir — (See 2 Samuel 9:4). Supposed by some to have been a brother of Bath-sheba, and

_ _ Barzillai — a wealthy old grandee, whose great age and infirmities made his loyal devotion to the distressed monarch peculiarly affecting. The supplies they brought, which (besides beds for the weary) consisted of the staple produce of their rich lands and pastures, may be classified as follows: eatables — wheat, barley, flour, beans, lentils, sheep, and cheese; drinkables — “honey and butter” or cream, which, being mixed together, form a thin, diluted beverage, light, cool, and refreshing. Being considered a luxurious refreshment (Song of Songs 4:11), the supply of it shows the high respect that was paid to David by his loyal and faithful subjects at Mahanaim.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 17:22-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 17:27

Shobi — Who, as it may seem, disliked and disowned that barbarous action to the ambassadors; and therefore, when the rest were destroyed, was left king or governor of the residue of the Ammonites. Machir — See above 2 Samuel 9:4.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the son of Nahash:

2 Samuel 10:1-2 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. ... Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.
2 Samuel 12:29-30 And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it. ... And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof [was] a talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was [set] on David's head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance.
1 Samuel 11:1 Then Nahash the Ammonite came up, and encamped against Jabeshgilead: and all the men of Jabesh said unto Nahash, Make a covenant with us, and we will serve thee.

Machir:

2 Samuel 9:4 And the king said unto him, Where [is] he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he [is] in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar.

Barzillai:

2 Samuel 19:31-32 And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and went over Jordan with the king, to conduct him over Jordan. ... Now Barzillai was a very aged man, [even] fourscore years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he [was] a very great man.
1 Kings 2:7 But shew kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table: for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom thy brother.
Ezra 2:61 And of the children of the priests: the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai; which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name:
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1S 11:1. 2S 9:4; 10:1; 12:29; 19:31. 1K 2:7. Ezr 2:61.

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