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2 Samuel 17:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Absalom set Amasa over the host instead of Joab. Now Amasa was the son of a man, whose name was Ithra the Israelite, that went in to Abigal the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah, Joab's mother.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa [was] a man's son, whose name [was] Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Absalom set Amasa over the army in place of Joab. Now Amasa was the son of a man whose name was Ithra the Israelite, who went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister of Zeruiah, Joab’s mother.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa [was] a man's son, whose name [was] Ithra, an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah, Joab's mother.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Absalom set Amasa over the host instead of Joab; which Amasa was the son of a man whose name was Jithra the Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah, Joab's mother.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now Absolom had appointed, Amasa, instead of Joab, over the army,—Amasa, being the son of a man whose name was Ithra the Ishmaelite, who went in unto Abigail, daughter of Nahash, sister of Zeruiah, mother of Joab.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Amasa hath Absalom set instead of Joab over the host, and Amasa [is] a man's son whose name is Ithra the Israelite who hath gone in unto Abigail, daughter of Nahash, sister of Zeruiah, mother of Joab;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Absalom appointed Amasa in Joab's stead over the army: and Amasa was the son of a man who was called Jethra, of Jezrael, who went in to Abigail the daughter of Naas, the sister of Sarvia who was the mother of Joab.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Absalom made Amasa captaine of the hoste in stead of Ioab: which Amasa [was] a mans sonne whose name [was] Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigal the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Ioabs mother.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Absalom{gr.Abessalom} appointed Amasa{gr.Amessai} in the room of Joab over the host. And Amasa{gr.Amessai} was the son of a man whose name was Jether of Jezreel{gr.Jezrael}: he went in to Abigail{gr.Abigaia} the daughter of Nahash{gr.Naas}, the sister of Zeruiah{gr.Saruia} the mother of Joab.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Avshalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Yoav: which Amasa [was] a man's son, whose name [was] Yithra a Yisreeli, that went in to Avigayil the daughter of Nachash, sister to Tzeruyah Yoav's mother.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Avlm אַבשָׁלוֹם 53
{0053} Prime
אַבְשָׁלוֹם
'Abiyshalowm
{ab-ee-shaw-lome'}
From H0001 and H7965; father of peace (that is, friendly); Abshalom, a son of David; also (the fuller form) a later Israelite.
made 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
`m$ עֲמָשָׂא 6021
{6021} Prime
עֲמָשָׂא
`Amasa'
{am-aw-saw'}
From H6006; burden; Amasa, the name of two Israelites.
captain x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
of the host 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
instead x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
of Yv יוֹאָב: 3097
{3097} Prime
יוֹאָב
Yow'ab
{yo-awb'}
From H3068 and H0001; Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites.
which `m$ עֲמָשָׂא 6021
{6021} Prime
עֲמָשָׂא
`Amasa'
{am-aw-saw'}
From H6006; burden; Amasa, the name of two Israelites.
[was] a man's 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
son, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
whose name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
[was] Yir יִתרָא 3501
{3501} Prime
יִתְרָא
Yithra'
{yith-raw'}
By variation for H3502; Jithra, an Israelite (or Ishmaelite).
a Yi$rl יִשׂרְאֵלִי, 3481
{3481} Prime
יִשְׂרְאֵלִי
Yisr@'eliy
{yis-reh-ay-lee'}
Patronymic from H3478; a Jisreelite or descendant of Jisrael.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
went x935
(0935) Complement
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
in y935
[0935] Standard
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
viqyil אֲבִגָיִל 26
{0026} Prime
אֲבִיגַיִל
'Abiygayil
{ab-ee-gah'-yil}
From H0001 and H1524; father (that is source) of joy; Abigail or Abigal, the name of two Israelitesses.
the daughter 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of N נָחָשׁ, 5176
{5176} Prime
נָחָשׁ
Nachash
{naw-khawsh'}
The same as H5175; Nachash, the name of two persons apparently non Israelites.
sister 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
to Xry צְרוּיָה 6870
{6870} Prime
צְרוּיָה
Ts@ruwyah
{tser-oo-yaw'}
Feminine participle passive from the same as H6875; wounded; Tserujah, an Israelitess.
Yv's יוֹאָב 3097
{3097} Prime
יוֹאָב
Yow'ab
{yo-awb'}
From H3068 and H0001; Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites.
mother. 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 17:25

_ _ Amasa — By the genealogy it appears that this captain stood in the same relation to David as Joab, both being his nephews. Of course, Amasa was Absalom’s cousin, and though himself an Israelite, his father was an Ishmaelite (1 Chronicles 2:17).

_ _ Nahash — is thought by some to be another name of Jesse, or according to others, the name of Jesse’s wife.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 17:22-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 17:25

Nahash — Nahash is the name of Jesse's wife, by whom he had this Abigail, as he had Zeruiah by another wife; so they were sisters by the father, but not by the mother.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 17:25

And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa [was] a man's son, whose name [was] Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of (n) Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.

(n) Who was also called Jesse, David's father.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Amasa:

2 Samuel 19:13 And say ye to Amasa, [Art] thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.
2 Samuel 20:4 Then said the king to Amasa, Assemble me the men of Judah within three days, and be thou here present.
2 Samuel 20:9-12 And Joab said to Amasa, [Art] thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. ... And Amasa wallowed in blood in the midst of the highway. And when the man saw that all the people stood still, he removed Amasa out of the highway into the field, and cast a cloth upon him, when he saw that every one that came by him stood still.

Ithra:

1 Chronicles 2:16-17 Whose sisters [were] Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three. ... And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa [was] Jether the Ishmeelite.
, Jether the Ishmaelite

Abigail:
Heb. Abigal

Nahash:
or, Jesse.
1 Chronicles 2:13 And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third,
1 Chronicles 2:16 Whose sisters [were] Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
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2S 19:13; 20:4, 9. 1Ch 2:13, 16.

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