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1 Samuel 25:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— that David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then David heard in the wilderness,—that Nabal was shearing his sheep.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David heareth in the wilderness that Nabal is shearing his flock,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when David heard in the wilderness, that Nabal was shearing his sheep,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid heard in the wildernesse, that Nabal did sheare his sheepe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David heard in the wilderness, that Nabal the Carmelite was shearing his sheep.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dawid heard in the wilderness that Naval did shear his sheep.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the wilderness 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
Nvl נָבָל 5037
{5037} Prime
נָבָל
Nabal
{naw-bawl'}
The same as H5036; dolt; Nabal, an Israelite.
did shear 1494
{1494} Prime
גּזז
gazaz
{gaw-zaz'}
A primitive root (akin to H1468); to cut off; specifically to shear a flock, or shave the hair; figuratively to destroy an enemy.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his sheep. 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 25:4-9

_ _ Nabal did shear his sheep, and David sent out ten young men, etc. — David and his men lurked in these deserts, associating with the herdsmen and shepherds of Nabal and others and doing them good offices, probably in return for information and supplies obtained through them. Hence when Nabal held his annual sheep-shearing in Carmel, David felt himself entitled to share in the festival and sent a message, recounting his own services and asking for a present. “In all these particulars we were deeply struck with the truth and strength of the biblical description of manners and customs almost identically the same as they exist at the present day. On such a festive occasion, near a town or village, even in our own time, an Arab sheik of the neighboring desert would hardly fail to put in a word either in person or by message; and his message, both in form and substance, would be only a transcript of that of David” [Robinson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 25:2-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 25:4

Shear sheep — Which times were celebrated with feasting.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
did shear:

Genesis 38:13 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold thy father in law goeth up to Timnath to shear his sheep.
2 Samuel 13:23 And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baalhazor, which [is] beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons.
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Gn 38:13. 2S 13:23.

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