NASB — Ecclesiastes 1 — KJV

The Futility of All Endeavor

1 The words of the aPreacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
  2IaVanity of vanities,” says the Preacher,
  “IVanity of vanities! All is IIvanity.”

[1] aEc 1:12; 7:27; 12:8-10
[2] IOr Futility of futilities IIOr futile aPs 39:5, 6; 62:9; 144:4; Ec 12:8; Ro 8:20

  3aWhat advantage does man have in all his work
  Which he does under the sun?
  4 A generation goes and a generation comes,
  But the aearth Iremains forever.
  5 Also, athe sun rises and the sun sets;
  And Ihastening to its place it rises there [again].
  6 IaBlowing toward the south,
  Then turning toward the north,
  The wind continues IIswirling along;
  And on its circular courses the wind returns.
  7 All the rivers Iflow into the sea,
  Yet the sea is not full.
  To the place where the rivers Iflow,
  There they Iflow again.
  8 All things are wearisome;
  Man is not able to tell [it].
  aThe eye is not satisfied with seeing,
  Nor is the ear filled with hearing.
  9 aThat which has been is that which will be,
  And that which has been done is that which will be done.
  So there is nothing new under the sun.
  10 Is there anything of which one might say,
  “See this, it is new”?
  Already it has existed for ages
  Which were before us.
  11 There is ano remembrance of Iearlier things;
  And also of the IIlater things which will occur,
  There will be for them no remembrance
  Among those who will come IIlater [still].

[3] aEc 2:11; 3:9; 5:16
[4] ILit stands aPs 104:5; 119:90
[5] ILit panting aPs 19:6
[6] ILit Going IILit turning aEc 11:5; Jn 3:8
[7] ILit go
[8] aPv 27:20; Ec 4:8
[9] aEc 1:10; 2:12; 3:15; 6:10
[11] ILit first or former IILit latter or after aEc 2:16; 9:5

The Futility of Wisdom

12 ¶ I, the aPreacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem. 13 And I aset my Imind to seek and bexplore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven. [It] is IIa grievous ctask [which] God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with. 14 I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is Iavanity and striving after wind. 15 What is acrooked cannot be straightened and what is lacking cannot be counted.

[12] aEc 1:1; 7:27; 12:8-10
[13] ILit heart IILit an evil aEc 1:17 bEc 3:10, 11; 7:25; 8:17 cEc 2:23, 26; 3:10; 4:8
[14] IOr futility aEc 2:11, 17; 4:4; 6:9
[15] aEc 7:13

16 ¶ I Isaid to myself, “Behold, I have magnified and increased awisdom more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my IImind has observed IIIa wealth of wisdom and knowledge.” 17 And I aset my Imind to know wisdom and to bknow madness and folly; I realized that this also is cstriving after wind. 18 Because ain much wisdom there is much grief, and increasing knowledge [results in] increasing pain.

[16] ILit spoke with my heart, saying IILit heart IIILit an abundance a1K 3:12; 4:30; 10:23; Ec 2:9
[17] ILit heart aEc 1:13; 7:25 bEc 2:12; 7:25 cEc 1:14; 2:11, 17; 4:4, 6, 16; 6:9
[18] aEc 2:23; 12:12


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The preacher sheweth that all human courses are vain:

1 ¶ The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem. 2 Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all [is] vanity. 3 What profit hath a man of all his labour which he taketh under the sun?

[1] 1K 11:42; 2Ch 9:30; 10:17; Ne 6:7; Ps 40:9; Ec 1:12; 7:27; 12:8; Is 61:1; Jna 3:2; 2P 2:5.
[2] Ps 39:5; 62:9; 144:4; Ec 2:11, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 26; 3:19; 4:4, 8, 16; 5:10; 6:11; 11:8, 10; 12:8; Ro 8:20.
[3] Pv 23:4; Ec 2:11, 19, 22; 3:9; 4:3, 7; 5:16, 18; 6:12; 7:11; 8:15; 9:3, 6, 13; Is 55:2; Hab 2:13, 18; Mt 16:26; Mk 8:36; Jn 6:27.

because the creatures are restless in their courses,

4 [One] generation passeth away, and [another] generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever. 5 The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose. 6 The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits. 7 All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea [is] not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again. 8 All things [are] full of labour; man cannot utter [it]: the eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.

[4] Gn 5:3; 11:20; 36:9; 47:9; Ex 1:6; 6:16; Ps 89:47; 90:9; 102:24; 104:5; 119:90; Ec 6:12; Zc 1:5; Mt 24:35; 2P 3:10.
[5] Gn 8:22; Jsh 10:13; Ps 19:4; 42:1; 89:36; 104:19; Jr 33:20; Hab 3:11.
[6] Jb 37:9, 17; Ps 107:25, 29; Jna 1:4; Mt 7:24, 27; Jn 3:8; Ac 27:13.
[7] Jb 38:10; Ps 104:6.
[8] Ps 63:5; Pv 27:20; 30:15; Ec 2:11, 26; 4:1, 8; 5:10; 7:24; Mt 5:6; 11:28; Ro 8:22; Rv 7:16.

they bring forth nothing new, and all old things are forgotten,

9 The thing that hath been, it [is that] which shall be; and that which is done [is] that which shall be done: and [there is] no new [thing] under the sun. 10 Is there [any] thing whereof it may be said, See, this [is] new? it hath been already of old time, which was before us. 11 [There is] no remembrance of former [things]; neither shall there be [any] remembrance of [things] that are to come with [those] that shall come after.

[9] Ec 3:15; 7:10; Is 43:19; Jr 31:22; 2P 2:1; Rv 21:1, 5.
[10] Mt 5:12; 23:30; Lk 17:26; Ac 7:51; 1Th 2:14; 2Ti 3:8.
[11] Ps 9:6; Ec 2:16; Is 41:22; 42:9.

and because he hath found it so in the studies of wisdom.

12 ¶ I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem. 13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all [things] that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith. 14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all [is] vanity and vexation of spirit. 15 [That which is] crooked cannot be made straight: and that which is wanting cannot be numbered. 16 I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all [they] that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom and knowledge. 17 And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit. 18 For in much wisdom [is] much grief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow.

[12] 1K 4:1; Ec 1:1.
[13] Gn 3:19; Ps 111:2; Pv 2:2; 4:7; 18:1, 15; 23:26; Ec 1:17; 3:10; 4:4; 7:25; 8:9, 16; 12:12; 1Ti 4:15.
[14] 1K 4:30; Ps 39:5; Ec 1:17; 2:11, 17, 26.
[15] Jb 11:6; 34:29; Ec 3:14; 7:12; Is 40:4; Lm 3:37; Dn 4:35; Mt 6:27.
[16] 1K 3:12; 4:30; 10:7, 23; 2K 5:20; 2Ch 1:10; 2:12; 9:22; Ps 4:4; 77:6; Ec 2:9; Is 10:7; Jr 22:14; Ezk 38:10; Dn 4:30; He 5:14.
[17] Ec 1:13; 2:3, 10, 12; 7:23; 1Th 5:21.
[18] Jb 28:28; Ec 2:15; 7:16; 12:12; 1Co 3:18; Jm 3:13.


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