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Ecclesiastes 1:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher; vanity of vanities, all is vanity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all [is] vanity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Vanity of vanities,” says the Preacher, “Vanity of vanities! All is vanity.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher, vanity of vanities; all [is] vanity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities! all is vanity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Vanity of vanities! saith the Proclaimer, vanity of vanities! all, is vanity.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, Vanity of vanities: the whole [is] vanity.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Vanity of vanities, said Ecclesiastes: vanity of vanities, and all is vanity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Uanitie of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanitie of vanities, all [is] vanitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all [is] vanity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Vanity 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
of vanities, 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the Preacher, 6953
{6953} Prime
קֹהֶלֶת
qoheleth
{ko-heh'-leth}
Feminine of active participle from H6950; a (female) assembler (that is, lecturer); abstractly preaching (used as a 'nom de plume', Koheleth).
vanity 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
of vanities; 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[is] vanity. 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 1:2

_ _ The theme proposed of the first part of his discourse.

_ _ Vanity of vanities — Hebraism for the most utter vanity. So “holy of holies” (Exodus 26:33); “servant of servants” (Genesis 9:25). The repetition increases the force.

_ _ allHebrew,the all”; all without exception, namely, earthly things.

_ _ vanity — not in themselves, for God maketh nothing in vain (1 Timothy 4:4, 1 Timothy 4:5), but vain when put in the place of God and made the end, instead of the means (Psalms 39:5, Psalms 39:6; Psalms 62:9; Matthew 6:33); vain, also, because of the “vanity” to which they are “subjected” by the fall (Romans 8:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 1:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 1:2

Vanity — Not only vain, but vanity in the abstract, which denotes extreme vanity. Saith — Upon deep consideration and long experience, and by Divine inspiration. This verse contains the general proposition, which he intends particularly to demonstrate in the following book. All — All worldly things. Is vanity — Not in themselves for they are God's creatures and therefore good in their kinds, but in reference to that happiness, which men seek and expect to find in them. So they are unquestionably vain, because they are not what they seem to be, and perform not what they promise, but instead of that are the occasions of innumerable cares, and fears, and sorrows, and mischiefs. Nay, they are not only vanity but vanity of vanities, the vainest vanity, vanity in the highest degree. And this is redoubled, because the thing is certain, beyond all possibility of dispute.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 1:2

(b) Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all [is] vanity.

(b) He condemns the opinions of all men who set happiness in anything but in God alone, seeing that in this world all things are as vanity and nothing.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Ecclesiastes 2:11 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all [was] vanity and vexation of spirit, and [there was] no profit under the sun.
Ecclesiastes 2:15 Then said I in my heart, As it happeneth to the fool, so it happeneth even to me; and why was I then more wise? Then I said in my heart, that this also [is] vanity.
Ecclesiastes 2:17 Therefore I hated life; because the work that is wrought under the sun [is] grievous unto me: for all [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ecclesiastes 2:19 And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise [man] or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured, and wherein I have shewed myself wise under the sun. This [is] also vanity.
Ecclesiastes 2:21 For there is a man whose labour [is] in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in equity; yet to a man that hath not laboured therein shall he leave it [for] his portion. This also [is] vanity and a great evil.
Ecclesiastes 2:23 For all his days [are] sorrows, and his travail grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity.
Ecclesiastes 2:26 For [God] giveth to a man that [is] good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to [him that is] good before God. This also [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ecclesiastes 3:19 For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all [is] vanity.
Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ecclesiastes 4:8 There is one [alone], and [there is] not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet [is there] no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither [saith he], For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This [is] also vanity, yea, it [is] a sore travail.
Ecclesiastes 4:16 [There is] no end of all the people, [even] of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ecclesiastes 5:10 He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loveth abundance with increase: this [is] also vanity.
Ecclesiastes 6:11 Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what [is] man the better?
Ecclesiastes 11:8 But if a man live many years, [and] rejoice in them all; yet let him remember the days of darkness; for they shall be many. All that cometh [is] vanity.
Ecclesiastes 11:10 Therefore remove sorrow from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth [are] vanity.
Ecclesiastes 12:8 Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher; all [is] vanity.
Psalms 39:5-6 Behold, thou hast made my days [as] an handbreadth; and mine age [is] as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state [is] altogether vanity. Selah. ... Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
Psalms 62:9-10 Surely men of low degree [are] vanity, [and] men of high degree [are] a lie: to be laid in the balance, they [are] altogether [lighter] than vanity. ... Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart [upon them].
Psalms 144:4 Man is like to vanity: his days [are] as a shadow that passeth away.
Romans 8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected [the same] in hope,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 39:5; 62:9; 144:4. Ec 2:11, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 26; 3:19; 4:4, 8, 16; 5:10; 6:11; 11:8, 10; 12:8. Ro 8:20.

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