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Ecclesiastes 1:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to its place where it ariseth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Also, the sun rises and the sun sets; And hastening to its place it rises there [again].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sun also riseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sun also riseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to its place where it ariseth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the sun, breaketh forth, and the sun, goeth in,—yea, unto his own place, he panteth, from whence he brake forth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Also, the sun hath risen, and the sun hath gone in, and unto its place panting it is rising there.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sun riseth, and goeth down, and returneth to his place: and there rising again,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Sunne also ariseth, and the Sunne goeth downe, and hasteth to the place where he arose.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the sun arises, and the sun goes down and draws toward its place;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
also ariseth, 2224
{2224} Prime
זָרַח
zarach
{zaw-rakh'}
A primitive root; properly to irradiate (or shoot forth beams), that is, to rise (as the sun); specifically to appear (as a symptom of leprosy).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and the sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
goeth down, 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and hasteth 7602
{7602} Prime
שָׁאַף
sha'aph
{shaw-af'}
A primitive root; to inhale eagerly; figuratively to covet; by implication to be angry; also to hasten.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
his place 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
where x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
arose. 2224
{2224} Prime
זָרַח
zarach
{zaw-rakh'}
A primitive root; properly to irradiate (or shoot forth beams), that is, to rise (as the sun); specifically to appear (as a symptom of leprosy).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 1:5

_ _ (Psalms 19:5, Psalms 19:6). “Panting” as the Hebrew for “hasteth”; metaphor, from a runner (Psalms 19:5, “a strong man”) in a “race.” It applies rather to the rising sun, which seems laboriously to mount up to the meridian, than to the setting sun; the accents too favor Maurer, “And (that too, returning) to his place, where panting he riseth.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 1:4-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 1:5

The sun — The sun is in perpetual motion, rising, setting, and rising again, and so constantly repeating its course in all succeeding days, and years, and ages; and the like he observes concerning the winds and rivers, Ecclesiastes 1:6-7, and the design of these similitudes seem to be; to shew the vanity of all worldly things, and that man's mind can never be satisfied with them, because there is nothing in the world but a constant repetition of the same things, which is so irksome, that the consideration thereof hath made some persons weary of their lives; and there is no new thing under the sun, as is added in the foot of the account, Ecclesiastes 1:9, which seems to be given us as a key to understand the meaning of the foregoing passages. And this is certain from experience that the things of this world are so narrow, and the mind of man so vast, that there must be something new to satisfy the mind; and even delightful things by too frequent repetition, are so far from yielding satisfaction, that they grow tedious and troublesome.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sun:

Genesis 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.
Psalms 19:4-6 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, ... His going forth [is] from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.
Psalms 89:36-37 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. ... It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.
Psalms 104:19-23 He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down. ... Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.
Jeremiah 33:20 Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;

hasteth:
Heb. panteth,
Joshua 10:13-14 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. [Is] not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day. ... And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel.
Psalms 42:1 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.]] As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God.
Habakkuk 3:11 The sun [and] moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of thine arrows they went, [and] at the shining of thy glittering spear.
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Gn 8:22. Jsh 10:13. Ps 19:4; 42:1; 89:36; 104:19. Jr 33:20. Hab 3:11.

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