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Ecclesiastes 1:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I applied my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also was a striving after wind.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And I set my mind to know wisdom and to know madness and folly; I realized that this also is striving after wind.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I applied my heart to the knowledge of wisdom, and to the knowledge of madness and folly: I perceived that this also is a striving after the wind.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— yea I have given my heart, to know wisdom, and to know madness, and folly,—I know that, even this, is a feeding on wind.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I give my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I have known that even this [is] vexation of spirit;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I have given my heart to know prudence, and learning, and errors, and folly: and I have perceived that in these also there was labour, and vexation of spirit,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I gaue my heart to know wisedome, and to know madnesse and folly: I perceiued that this also is vexation of spirit.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And my heart knew much-- wisdom, and knowledge, parables and understanding: I perceived that this also is waywardness of spirit.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
my heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
to know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
wisdom, 2451
{2451} Prime
חָכְמָה
chokmah
{khok-maw'}
From H2449; wisdom (in a good sense).
and to know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
madness 1947
{1947} Prime
הוֹלֵלָה
howlelah
{ho-lay-law'}
Feminine active participle of H1984; folly.
and folly: 5531
{5531} Prime
סִכְלוּת
cikluwth
{sik-looth'}
From H5528; silliness.
I perceived 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
that this y1571
[1571] Standard
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
also x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
is vexation 7475
{7475} Prime
רַעְיוֹן
ra`yown
{rah-yone'}
From H7462 in the sense of H7469; desire.
of spirit. 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 1:17

_ _ wisdom ... madness — that is, their effects, the works of human wisdom and folly respectively. “Madness,” literally, “vaunting extravagance”; Ecclesiastes 2:12; Ecclesiastes 7:25, etc., support English Version rather than Dathe, “splendid matters.” “Folly” is read by English Version with some manuscripts, instead of the present Hebrew text, “prudence.” If Hebrew be retained, understand “prudence,” falsely so called (1 Timothy 6:20), “craft” (Daniel 8:25).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 1:12-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 1:17

To know — That I might throughly understand the nature and difference of truth and error, of virtue and vice.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 1:17

And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know (l) madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.

(l) That is, vain things, which served to pleasure, in which was no convenience, but grief and trouble of conscience.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I gave:

Ecclesiastes 1:13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all [things] that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith.
Ecclesiastes 2:3 I sought in mine heart to give myself unto wine, yet acquainting mine heart with wisdom; and to lay hold on folly, till I might see what [was] that good for the sons of men, which they should do under the heaven all the days of their life.
Ecclesiastes 2:12 And I turned myself to behold wisdom, and madness, and folly: for what [can] the man [do] that cometh after the king? [even] that which hath been already done.
Ecclesiastes 7:23-25 All this have I proved by wisdom: I said, I will be wise; but it [was] far from me. ... I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason [of things], and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness [and] madness:
1 Thessalonians 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.

I perceived:

Ecclesiastes 2:10-11 And whatsoever mine eyes desired I kept not from them, I withheld not my heart from any joy; for my heart rejoiced in all my labour: and this was my portion of all my labour. ... Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all [was] vanity and vexation of spirit, and [there was] no profit under the sun.
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Ec 1:13; 2:3, 10, 12; 7:23. 1Th 5:21.

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