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Ecclesiastes 1:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and a striving after wind.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and striving after wind.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and behold, all [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I have seen all the works that are done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and pursuit of the wind.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I saw all the works which were done under the sun,—and lo! all, was vanity, and a feeding on wind.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have seen all the works that have been done under the sun, and lo, the whole [is] vanity and vexation of spirit!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I have seen all things that are done under the sun, and behold all is vanity, and vexation of spirit.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I haue seene all the workes that are done vnder the Sunne, and behold, all [is] vanitie, and vexation of spirit.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I beheld all the works that were wrought under the sun; and, beheld, all were vanity and waywardness of spirit.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I have seen 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the works 4639
{4639} Prime
מַעֲשֶׂה
ma`aseh
{mah-as-eh'}
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
that are done 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
under x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
the sun; 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
and, behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[is] vanity 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
and vexation 7469
{7469} Prime
רְעוּת
r@`uwth
{reh-ooth'}
Probably from H7462; a feeding upon, that is, grasping after.
of spirit. 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 1:14

_ _ The reason is here given why investigation into man’s “works” is only “sore travail” (Ecclesiastes 1:13); namely, because all man’s ways are vain (Ecclesiastes 1:18) and cannot be mended (Ecclesiastes 1:15).

_ _ vexation of — “a preying upon”

_ _ the Spirit — Maurer translates; “the pursuit of wind,” as in Ecclesiastes 5:16; Hosea 12:1, “Ephraim feedeth on wind.” But old versions support the English Version.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 1:12-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 1:14

Seen — Diligently observed. Vanity — Not only unsatisfying, but also an affliction or breaking to a man's spirit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Ecclesiastes 1:17-18 And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit. ... For in much wisdom [is] much grief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow.
Ecclesiastes 2:11 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all [was] vanity and vexation of spirit, and [there was] no profit under the sun.
Ecclesiastes 2:17 Therefore I hated life; because the work that is wrought under the sun [is] grievous unto me: for all [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ecclesiastes 2:26 For [God] giveth to a man that [is] good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to [him that is] good before God. This also [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
1 Kings 4:30-32 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt. ... And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.
Psalms 39:5-6 Behold, thou hast made my days [as] an handbreadth; and mine age [is] as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state [is] altogether vanity. Selah. ... Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
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1K 4:30. Ps 39:5. Ec 1:17; 2:11, 17, 26.

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