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Psalms 58:6

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— O God, shatter their teeth in their mouth; Break out the fangs of the young lions, O LORD.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: Break out the great teeth of the young lions, O Jehovah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— O God, break their teeth in their mouth; break out the great teeth of the young lions, O Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— O God! break away their teeth in their mouth, The biters of the young lions, knock thou out, O Yahweh!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— O God, break their teeth in their mouth, The jaw-teeth of young lions break down, O Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— God shall break in pieces their teeth in their mouth: the Lord shall break the grinders of the lions.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— Breake their teeth, O God, in their mouthes: breake the iawes of the yong lions, O Lorde.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Breake their teeth, O God, in their mouth: breake out the great teeth of the young lyons, O LORD.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— Break their teeth in their mouths, O God; pull out the fangs of the lions, O LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— God has crushed their teeth in their mouth: God has broken the cheek-teeth of the lions.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Break their teeth, O Elohim, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Break 2040
{2040} Prime
A primitive root; to pull down or in pieces, break, destroy.
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
their teeth, 8127
{8127} Prime
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
O ´Élöhîm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
in their mouth: 6310
{6310} Prime
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
break out 5422
{5422} Prime
A primitive root; to tear down.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the great teeth 4459
{4459} Prime
Transposition for H4973; a grinder, that is, back tooth.
of the young lions, 3715
{3715} Prime
From H3722; a village (as covered in by walls); also a young lion (perhaps as covered with a mane).
O Yähwè יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 58:6

_ _ He prays for their destruction, under the figure of ravenous beasts (Psalms 3:7; Psalms 7:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 58:6-11

_ _ In these verses we have,

_ _ I. David's prayers against his enemies, and all the enemies of God's church and people; for it is as such that he looks upon them, so that he was actuated by a public spirit in praying against them, and not by any private revenge. 1. He prays that they might be disabled to do any further mischief (Psalms 58:6): Break their teeth, O God! Not so much that they might not feed themselves as that they might not be able to make prey of others, Psalms 3:7. He does not say, “Break their necks” (no; let them live to repent, slay them not, lest my people forget), but, “Break their teeth, for they are lions, they are young lions, that live by rapine.” 2. That they might be disappointed in the plots they had already laid, and might not gain their point: “When he bends his bow, and takes aim to shoot his arrows at the upright in heart, let them be as cut in pieces, Psalms 58:7. Let them fall at his feet, and never come near the mark.” 3. That they and their interest might waste and come to nothing, that they might melt away as waters that run continually; that is, as the waters of a land-flood, which, though they seem formidable for a while, soon soak into the ground or return to their channels, or, in general, as water spilt upon the ground, which cannot be gathered up again, but gradually dries away and disappears. Such shall the floods of ungodly men be, which sometimes make us afraid (Psalms 18:4); so shall the proud waters be reduced, which threaten to go over our soul, Psalms 124:4, Psalms 124:5. Let us by faith then see what they shall be and then we shall not fear what they are. He prays (Psalms 58:8) that they might melt as a snail, which wastes by its own motion, in every stretch it makes leaving some of its moisture behind, which, by degrees, must needs consume it, though it makes a path to shine after it. He that like a snail in her house is plenus suifull of himself, that pleases himself and trusts to himself, does but consume himself, and will quickly bring himself to nothing. And he prays that they might be like the untimely birth of a woman, which dies as soon as it begins to live and never sees the sun. Job, in his passion, wished he himself had been such a one (Job 3:16), but he knew not what he said. We may, in faith, pray against the designs of the church's enemies, as the prophet does (Hosea 9:14, Give them, O Lord! what wilt thou give them? Give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts), which explains this prayer of the psalmist.

_ _ II. His prediction of their ruin (Psalms 58:9): “Before your pots can feel the heat of a fire of thorns made under them (which they will presently do, for it is a quick fire and violent while it lasts), so speedily, with such a hasty and violent flame, God shall hurry them away, as terribly and as irresistibly as with a whirlwind, as it were alive, as it were in fury.”

_ _ 1. The proverbial expressions are somewhat difficult, but the sense is plain, (1.) That the judgments of God often surprise wicked people in the midst of their jollity, and hurry them away of a sudden. When they are beginning to walk in the light of their own fire, and the sparks of their own kindling, they are made to lie down in sorrow (Isaiah 50:11), and their laughter proves like the crackling of thorns under a pot, the comfort of which is soon gone, ere they can say, Alas! I am warm, Ecclesiastes 7:6. (2.) That there is no standing before the destruction that comes from the Almighty; for who knows the power of God's anger? When God will take sinners away, dead or alive, they cannot contest with him. The wicked are driven away in their wickedness. Now,

_ _ 2. There are two things which the psalmist promises himself as the good effects of sinners' destruction: — (1.) That saints would be encouraged and comforted by it (Psalms 58:10): The righteous shall rejoice when he sees the vengeance. The pomp and power, the prosperity and success, of the wicked, are a discouragement to the righteous; they sadden their hearts, and weaken their hands, and are sometimes a strong temptation to them to question their foundations, Psalms 73:2, Psalms 73:13. But when they see the judgments of God hurrying them away, and just vengeance taken on them for all the mischief they have done to the people of God, they rejoice in the satisfaction thereby given to their doubts and the confirmation thereby given to their faith in the providence of God and his justice and righteousness in governing the world; they shall rejoice in the victory thus gained over that temptation by seeing their end, Psalms 73:17. He shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked; that is, there shall be abundance of bloodshed (Psalms 68:23), and it shall be as great a refreshment to the saints to see God glorified in the ruin of sinners as it is to a weary traveller to have his feet washed. It shall likewise contribute to their sanctification; the sight of the vengeance shall make them tremble before God (Psalms 119:120) and shall convince them of the evil of sin, and the obligations they lie under to that God who pleads their cause and will suffer no man to do them wrong and go unpunished for it. The joy of the saints in the destruction of the wicked is then a holy joy, and justifiable, when it helps to make them holy and to purify them from sin. (2.) That sinners would be convinced and converted by it, Psalms 58:11. The vengeance God sometimes takes on the wicked in this world will bring men to say, Verily, there is a reward for the righteous. Any man may draw this inference from such providences, and many a man shall, who before denied even these plain truths or doubted of them. Some shall have this confession extorted from them, others shall have their minds so changed that they shall willingly own it, and thank God who has given them to see it and see it with satisfaction, That God is, and, [1.] That he is the bountiful rewarder of his saints and servants: Verily (however it be, so it may be read) there is a fruit to the righteous; whatever damage he may run, and whatever hardship he may undergo for his religion, he shall not only be no loser by it, but an unspeakable gainer in the issue. Even in this world there is a reward for the righteous; they shall be recompensed in the earth. Those shall be taken notice of, honoured, and protected, that seemed slighted, despised, and abandoned. [2.] That he is the righteous governor of the world, and will surely reckon with the enemies of his kingdom: Verily, however it be, though wicked people prosper, and bid defiance to divine justice, yet it shall be made to appear, to their confusion, that the world is not governed by chance, but by a Being of infinite wisdom and justice; there is a God that judges in the earth, though he has prepared his throne in the heavens. He presides in all the affairs of the children of men, and directs and disposes them according to the counsel of his will, to his own glory; and he will punish the wicked, not only in the world to come, but in the earth, where they have laid up their treasure and promised themselves a happiness — in the earth, that the Lord may be known by the judgments which he executes, and that they may be taken as earnests of a judgment to come. He is a God (so we read it), not a weak man, not an angel, not a mere name, not (as the atheists suggest) a creature of men's fear and fancy, not a deified hero, not the sun and moon, as idolaters imagined, but a God, a self-existent perfect Being; he it is that judges the earth; his favour therefore let us seek, from whom every man's judgment proceeds, and to him let all judgment be referred.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 58:6

Their teeth — Their powerful instruments of doing mischief.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 58:6

Break their (e) teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD.

(e) Take away all opportunity and means by which they hurt.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Break their:

Psalms 3:7 Arise, O LORD; save me, O my God: for thou hast smitten all mine enemies [upon] the cheek bone; thou hast broken the teeth of the ungodly.
Psalms 10:15 Break thou the arm of the wicked and the evil [man]: seek out his wickedness [till] thou find none.
Job 4:10-11 The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions, are broken. ... The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.
Job 29:17 And I brake the jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his teeth.
Ezekiel 30:21-26 Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword. ... And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD.


Psalms 17:12 Like as a lion [that] is greedy of his prey, and as it were a young lion lurking in secret places.
Psalms 91:13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.
Numbers 23:24 Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion, and lift up himself as a young lion: he shall not lie down until he eat [of] the prey, and drink the blood of the slain.
Isaiah 31:4 For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, [he] will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.
Hosea 5:14 For I [will be] unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, [even] I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue [him].
Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Nu 23:24. Jb 4:10; 29:17. Ps 3:7; 10:15; 17:12; 91:13. Is 31:4. Ezk 30:21. Ho 5:14. Mi 5:8.

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