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Leviticus 11:20

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— ‘All the winged insects that walk on [all] fours are detestable to you.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— All fowls that creep, going upon [all] four, [shall be] an abomination unto you.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— All winged creeping things that go upon all four are an abomination unto you.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All winged creeping things that go upon all fours are an abomination unto you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All fowls that creep, going upon [all] four, [shall be] an abomination to you.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Every winged crawling thing that goeth upon all four shall be an abomination unto you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Every creeping thing that flieth, that goeth on all-fours, an abomination, it is, unto you.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Every teeming creature which is flying, which is going on four—an abomination it [is] to you.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Of things that fly, whatsoever goeth upon four feet, shall be abominable to you.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— Also euery foule that creepeth ? goeth vpon all foure, such shalbe an abomination vnto you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All foules that creepe, going vpon all foure, shalbe an abomination vnto you.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— All species that creep, going upon all fours, are unclean to you.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all winged creatures that creep, which go upon four feet, are abominations to you.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— All fowls that creep, going upon [all] four, [shall be] an abomination unto you.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
fowls 5775
{5775} Prime
From H5774; a bird (as covered with feathers, or rather as covering with wings), often collective.
that creep, 8318
{8318} Prime
From H8317; a swarm, that is, active mass of minute animals.
going 1980
{1980} Prime
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
[all] four, 702
{0702} Prime
The second form is the masculine form; from H7251; four.
[shall be] an abomination 8263
{8263} Prime
From H8262; filth, that is, (figuratively and specifically) an idolatrous object.
unto you.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 11:20

_ _ All fowls that creep, etc. — By “fowls” here are to be understood all creatures with wings and “going upon all fours,” not a restriction to animals which have exactly four feet, because many “creeping things” have more than that number. The prohibition is regarded generally as extending to insects, reptiles, and worms.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Leviticus 11:20-42

_ _ Here is the law, 1. Concerning flying insects, as flies, wasps, bees, etc.; these they might not eat (Leviticus 11:20), nor indeed are they fit to be eaten; but there were several sorts of locusts which in those countries were very good meat, and much used: John Baptist lived upon them in the desert, and they are here allowed them, Leviticus 11:21, Leviticus 11:22. 2. Concerning the creeping things on the earth; these were all forbidden (Leviticus 11:29, Leviticus 11:30, and again, Leviticus 11:41, Leviticus 11:42); for it was the curse of the serpent that upon his belly he should go, and therefore between him and man there was an enmity put (Genesis 3:15), which was preserved by this law. Dust is the meat of the creeping things, and therefore they are not fit to be man's meat. 3. Concerning the dead carcasses of all these unclean animals. (1.) Every one that touched them was to be unclean until the evening, Leviticus 11:24-28. This law is often repeated, to possess them with a dread of every thing that was prohibited, though no particular reason for the prohibition did appear, but only the will of the Law-maker. Not that they were to be looked upon as defiling to the conscience, or that it was a sin against God to touch them, unless done in contempt of the law: in many cases, somebody must of necessity touch them, to remove them; but it was a ceremonial uncleanness they contracted, which for the time forbade them to come into the tabernacle, or to eat of any of the holy things, or so much as to converse familiarly with their neighbours. But the uncleanness continued only till the evening, to signify that all ceremonial pollutions were to come to an end by the death of Christ in the evening of the world. And we must learn, by daily renewing our repentance every night for the sins of the day, to cleanse ourselves from the pollution we contract by them, that we may not lie down in our uncleanness. Even unclean animals they might touch while they were alive without contracting any ceremonial uncleanness by it, as horses and dogs, because they were allowed to use them for service; but they might not touch them when they were dead, because they might not eat their flesh; and what must not be eaten must not be touched, Genesis 3:3. (2.) Even the vessels, or other things they fell upon, were thereby made unclean until the evening (Leviticus 11:32), and if they were earthen vessels they must be broken, Leviticus 11:33. This taught them carefully to avoid every thing that was polluting, even in their common actions. Not only the vessels of the sanctuary, but every pot in Jerusalem and Judah, must be holiness to the Lord, Zechariah 14:20, Zechariah 14:21. The laws in these cases are very critical, and the observance of them would be difficult, we should think, if every thing that a dead mouse or rat, for instance, falls upon must be unclean; and if it were an oven, or ranges for pots, they must all be broken down, Leviticus 11:35. The exceptions also are very nice, Leviticus 11:36, etc. All this was designed to exercise them to a constant care and exactness in their obedience, and to teach us, who by Christ are delivered from these burdensome observances, not to be less circumspect in the more weighty matters of the law. We ought as industriously to preserve our precious souls from the pollutions of sin, and as speedily to cleanse them when they are polluted, as they were to preserve and cleanse their bodies and household goods from those ceremonial pollutions.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 11:20

All fowls — Flying things that crawl or creep upon the earth, and so degenerate from their proper nature, and are of a mongrel kind, which may intimate that apostates and mongrels in religion are abominable in the sight of God. Upon all four — Upon four legs, or upon more than four, which is all one to the present purpose.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 11:23 But all [other] flying creeping things, which have four feet, [shall be] an abomination unto you.
Leviticus 11:27 And whatsoever goeth upon his paws, among all manner of beasts that go on [all] four, those [are] unclean unto you: whoso toucheth their carcase shall be unclean until the even.
Deuteronomy 14:19 And every creeping thing that flieth [is] unclean unto you: they shall not be eaten.
2 Kings 17:28-41 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD. ... So these nations feared the LORD, and served their graven images, both their children, and their children's children: as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.
Psalms 17:14 From men [which are] thy hand, O LORD, from men of the world, [which have] their portion in [this] life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid [treasure]: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their [substance] to their babes.
Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Philippians 3:18-19 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ: ... Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.
1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. ... And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
Jude 1:10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.
Jude 1:19 These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Lv 11:23, 27. Dt 14:19. 2K 17:28. Ps 17:14. Mt 6:24. Php 3:18. 2Ti 4:10. 1Jn 2:15. Jde 1:10, 19.

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