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Psalms 81:1

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— [[For the choir director; on the Gittith. [A Psalm] of Asaph.]] Sing for joy to God our strength; Shout joyfully to the God of Jacob.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— [[To the chief Musician upon Gittith, [A Psalm] of Asaph.]] Sing aloud unto God our strength: make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— [[For the Chief Musician; set to the Gittith. A Psalm of Asaph.]] Sing aloud unto God our strength: make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician; set to the Gittith. [A Psalm] of Asaph.]] Sing aloud unto God our strength: Make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician upon Gittith, [A Psalm] of Asaph.]] Sing aloud to God our strength: make a joyful noise to the God of Jacob.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. Upon the Gittith. [A Psalm] of Asaph.]] Sing ye joyously unto God our strength, shout aloud unto the God of Jacob;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. On "the Gittith." Asaph's.]] Shout ye for joy, unto God our strength, Sound the note of triumph, to the God of Jacob;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—'On the Gittith.' By Asaph. Cry aloud to God our strength, Shout to the God of Jacob.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, for the winepresses, a psalm for Asaph himself. Rejoice to God our helper: sing aloud to the God of Jacob.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— [[To him that excelleth vpon Gittith. A Psalme committed to Asaph.]] Sing ioyfully vnto God our strength: sing loude vnto the God of Iaakob.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musician vpon Gittith. A [Psalme] of Asaph.]] Sing alowd vnto God our strength: make a ioyfull noise vnto the God of Iacob.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— SING aloud to God our strength; make a joyful noise to the God of Jacob.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm for Asaph, concerning the wine-presses.]] Rejoice ye in God our helper; shout aloud to the God of Jacob.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician upon Gittith, [A Psalm] of Asaf.]] Sing aloud unto Elohim our strength: make a joyful noise unto the Elohim of Yaaqov.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician 5329
{5329} Prime
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Gittîŧ גִּתִּית, 1665
{1665} Prime
Feminine of H1663; a Gittite harp.
[A Psalm] of ´Äsäf אָסָף.]] 623
{0623} Prime
From H0622; collector; Asaph, the name of three Israelites, and of the family of the first.
Sing aloud 7442
{7442} Prime
A primitive root; properly to creak (or emit a stridulous sound), that is, to shout (usually for joy).
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
unto ´Élöhîm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
our strength: 5797
{5797} Prime
From H5810; strength in various applications (force, security, majesty, praise).
make a joyful noise 7321
{7321} Prime
A primitive root; to mar (especially by breaking); figuratively to split the ears (with sound), that is, shout (for alarm or joy).
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
unto the ´Élöhîm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of Ya`áköv יַעֲקֹב. 3290
{3290} Prime
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 81:1

_ _ Psalms 81:1-16. Gittith — (See on Psalms 8:1, title). A festal Psalm, probably for the Passover (compare Matthew 26:30), in which, after an exhortation to praise God, He is introduced, reminding Israel of their obligations, chiding their neglect, and depicting the happy results of obedience.

_ _ our strength — (Psalms 38:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 81:1-7

_ _ When the people of God were gathered together in the solemn day, the day of the feast of the Lord, they must be told that they had business to do, for we do not go to church to sleep nor to be idle; no, there is that which the duty of every day requires, work of the day, which is to be done in its day. And here,

_ _ I. The worshippers of God are excited to their work, and are taught, by singing this psalm, to stir up both themselves and one another to it, Psalms 81:1-3. Our errand is, to give unto God the glory due unto his name, and in all our religious assemblies we must mind this as our business. 1. In doing this we must eye God as our strength, and as the God of Jacob, Psalms 81:1. He is the strength of Israel, as a people; for he is a God in covenant with them, who will powerfully protect, support, and deliver them, who fights their battles and makes them do valiantly and victoriously. He is the strength of every Israelite; by his grace we are enabled to go through all our services, sufferings, and conflicts; and to him, as our strength, we must pray, and we must sing praise to him as the God of all the wrestling seed of Jacob, with whom we have a spiritual communion. 2. We must do this by all the expressions of holy joy and triumph. It was then to be done by musical instruments, the timbrel, harp, and psaltery; and by blowing the trumpet, some think in remembrance of the sound of the trumpet on Mount Sinai, which waxed louder and louder. It was then and is now to be done by singing psalms, singing aloud, and making a joyful noise. The pleasantness of the harp and the awfulness of the trumpet intimate to us that God is to be worshipped with cheerfulness and joy with reverence and godly fear. Singing aloud and making a noise intimate that we must be warm and affectionate in praising God, that we must with a hearty good-will show forth his praise, as those that are not ashamed to own our dependence on him and obligations to him, and that we should join many together in this work; the more the better; it is the more like heaven. 3. This must be done in the time appointed. No time is amiss for praising God (Seven times a day will I praise thee; nay, at midnight will I rise and give thanks unto thee); but some are times appointed, not for God to meet us (he is always ready), but for us to meet one another, that we may join together in praising Do. The solemn feast-day must be a day of praise; when we are receiving the gifts of God's bounty, and rejoicing in them, then it is proper to sing his praises.

_ _ II. They are here directed in their work. 1. They must look up to the divine institution which it is the observation of. In all religious worship we must have an eye to the command (Psalms 81:4): This was a statute for Israel, for the keeping up of a face of religion among them; it was a law of the God of Jacob, which all the seed of Jacob are bound by, and must be subject to. Note, Praising God is not only a good thing, which we do well to do, but it is our indispensable duty, which we are obliged to do; it is at our peril if we neglect it; and in all religious exercises we must have an eye to the institution as our warrant and rule: “This I do because God has commanded me; and therefore I hope he will accept me;” then it is done in faith. 2. They must look back upon those operations of divine Providence which it is the memorial of. This solemn service was ordained for a testimony (Psalms 81:5), a standing traditional evidence, for the attesting of the matters of fact. It was a testimony to Israel, that they might know and remember what God had done for their fathers, and would be a testimony against them if they should be ignorant of them and forget them. (1.) The psalmist, in the people's name, puts himself in mind of the general work of God on Israel's behalf, which was kept in remembrance by this and other solemnities, Psalms 81:5. When God went out against the land of Egypt, to lay it waste, that he might force Pharaoh to let Israel go, then he ordained solemn feast-days to be observed by a statute for ever in their generations, as a memorial of it, particularly the passover, which perhaps is meant by the solemn feast-day (Psalms 81:3); that was appointed just then when God went out through the land of Egypt to destroy the first-born, and passed over the houses of the Israelites, Exodus 12:23, Exodus 12:24. By it that work of wonder was to be kept in perpetual remembrance, that all ages might in it behold the goodness and severity of God. The psalmist, speaking for his people, takes notice of this aggravating circumstance of their slavery in Egypt that there they heard a language that they understood not; there they were strangers in a strange land. The Egyptians and the Hebrews understood not one another's language; for Joseph spoke to his brethren by an interpreter (Genesis 42:23), and the Egyptians are said to be to the house of Jacob a people of a strange language, Psalms 114:1. To make a deliverance appear the more gracious, the more glorious, it is good to observe every thing that makes the trouble we are delivered from appear the more grievous. (2.) The psalmist, in God's name, puts the people in mind of some of the particulars of their deliverance. Here he changes the person, Psalms 81:6. God speaks by him, saying, I removed the shoulder from the burden. Let him remember this on the feast-day, [1.] That God had brought them out of the house of bondage, had removed their shoulder from the burden of oppression under which they were ready to sink, had delivered their hands from the pots, or panniers, or baskets, in which they carried clay or bricks. Deliverance out of slavery is a very sensible mercy and one which ought to be had in everlasting remembrance. But this was not all. [2.] God had delivered them at the Red Sea; then they called in trouble, and he rescued them and disappointed the designs of their enemies against them, Exodus 14:10. Then he answered them with a real answer, out of the secret place of thunder; that is, out of the pillar of fire, through which God looked upon the host of the Egyptians and troubled it, Exodus 14:24, Exodus 14:25. Or it may be meant of the giving of the law at Mount Sinai, which was the secret place, for it was death to gaze (Exodus 19:21), and it was in thunder that God then spoke. Even the terrors of Sinai were favours to Israel, Deuteronomy 4:33. [3.] God had borne their manners in the wilderness: “I proved thee at the waters of Meribah; thou didst there show thy temper, what an unbelieving murmuring people thou wast, and yet I continued my favour to thee.” SelahMark that; compare God's goodness and man's badness, and they will serve as foils to each other. Now if they, on their solemn feast-days, were thus to call to mind their redemption out of Egypt, much more ought we, on the Christian sabbath, to call to mind a more glorious redemption wrought out for us by Jesus Christ from worse than Egyptian bondage, and the many gracious answers he has given to us, notwithstanding our manifold provocations.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 81:1

"To the chief Musician upon (a) Gittith, [A Psalm] of Asaph." Sing (b) aloud unto God our strength: make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob.

(a) An instrument of music brought from Geth.

(b) It seems that this psalm was appointed for solemn feasts and assemblies of the people to whom for a time these ceremonies were ordained, but now under the gospel are abolished.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
A Psalm:
Some suppose this Psalm to have been composed to be sung at the feast of Trumpets, before the time of David; and others think it was written at the removal of the ark to Mount Zion; but the most probable opinion is, that it was sung at the dedication of the second temple.

of Asaph:
or, for Asaph


Psalms 67:4 O let the nations be glad and sing for joy: for thou shalt judge the people righteously, and govern the nations upon earth. Selah.
Jeremiah 31:7 For thus saith the LORD; Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chief of the nations: publish ye, praise ye, and say, O LORD, save thy people, the remnant of Israel.

our strength:

Psalms 18:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said,]] I will love thee, O LORD, my strength. ... The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.
Psalms 28:7 The LORD [is] my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him.
Psalms 52:7 Lo, [this is] the man [that] made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, [and] strengthened himself in his wickedness.
Philippians 4:13 I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.


Psalms 33:1-3 Rejoice in the LORD, O ye righteous: [for] praise is comely for the upright. ... Sing unto him a new song; play skilfully with a loud noise.
Psalms 46:1-7 [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.]] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. ... The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah.
Psalms 66:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Song [or] Psalm.]] Make a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands:
Psalms 100:1-2 [[A Psalm of praise.]] Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands. ... Serve the LORD with gladness: come before his presence with singing.

the God:

Psalms 46:11 The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah.
Genesis 50:17 So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil: and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him.
Matthew 22:32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Gn 50:17. Ps 18:1; 28:7; 33:1; 46:1, 11; 52:7; 66:1; 67:4; 100:1. Jr 31:7. Mt 22:32. Php 4:13.

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