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Hebrews 13:2

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by this some have entertained angels without knowing it.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— Forget not to shew love unto strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Forget not to show love unto strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for by this some have entertained angels unawares.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be not forgetful of hospitality; for by it some have unawares entertained angels.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Of the entertaining of strangers, be not forgetful, for, hereby, unawares, have some entertained, messengers.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— of the hospitality be not forgetful, for through this unawares certain did entertain messengers;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And hospitality do not forget: for by this some, being not aware of it, have entertained angels.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— Be not forgetfull to intertaine strangers: for thereby some haue receiued Angels into their houses vnwares.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Bee not forgetfull to entertaine strangers, for thereby some haue entertayned Angels vnawares.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— And forget not hospitality toward strangers; for thereby some were worthy to entertain angels unawares.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and kindness to strangers forget not; for in this some who were made worthy, while not perceiving it, have received angels.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And forget not kindness to strangers; for thereby some have been privileged to entertain angels, unawares.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be y1950
[1950] Standard
Middle voice from G1909 and G2990; to lose out of mind; by implication to neglect.
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3361
[3361] Standard
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
forgetful 1950
{1950} Prime
Middle voice from G1909 and G2990; to lose out of mind; by implication to neglect.
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
(3361) Complement
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
to entertain strangers: 5381
{5381} Prime
From G5382; hospitableness.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
thereby 1223
{1223} Prime
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
{5026} Prime
Dative, accusative and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of G3778; (towards or of) this.
some 5100
{5100} Prime
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
have entertained 3579
{3579} Prime
From G3581; to be a host (passively a guest); by implication be (make, appear) strange.
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
angels 32
{0032} Prime
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
unawares. 2990
{2990} Prime
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to lie hid (literally or figuratively); often used adverbially unwittingly.
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hebrews 13:2

_ _ Two manifestations of “brotherly love,” hospitality and care for those in bonds.

_ _ Be not forgetful — implying it was a duty which they all recognized, but which they might forget to act on (Hebrews 13:3, Hebrews 13:7, Hebrews 13:16). The enemies of Christianity themselves have noticed the practice of this virtue among Christians [Julian, Epistles, 49].

_ _ entertained angels unawares — Abraham and Lot did so (Genesis 18:2; Genesis 19:1). To obviate the natural distrust felt of strangers, Paul says, an unknown guest may be better than he looks: he may be unexpectedly found to be as much a messenger of God for good, as the angels (whose name means messenger) are; nay more, if a Christian, he represents Christ Himself. There is a play on the same Greek word, Be not forgetful and unaware; let not the duty of hospitality to strangers escape you; for, by entertaining strangers, it has escaped the entertainers that they were entertaining angels. Not unconscious and forgetful of the duty, they have unconsciously brought on themselves the blessing.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hebrews 13:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hebrews 13:2

Some — Abraham and Lot. Have entertained angels unawares — So may an unknown guest, even now, be of more worth than he appears, and may have angels attending him, though unseen. Genesis 18:2; Genesis 19:1.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 19:34 [But] the stranger that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I [am] the LORD your God.
Deuteronomy 10:18-19 He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment. ... Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
1 Kings 17:10-16 So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman [was] there gathering of sticks: and he called to her, and said, Fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink. ... [And] the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by Elijah.
2 Kings 4:8 And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where [was] a great woman; and she constrained him to eat bread. And [so] it was, [that] as oft as he passed by, he turned in thither to eat bread.
Job 31:19 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;
Job 31:32 The stranger did not lodge in the street: [but] I opened my doors to the traveller.
Isaiah 58:7 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Matthew 25:35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
Matthew 25:43 I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not.
Acts 16:15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought [us], saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide [there]. And she constrained us.
Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.
Romans 16:23 Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.
1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
Titus 1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;
1 Peter 4:9 Use hospitality one to another without grudging.


Genesis 18:2-10 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground, ... And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard [it] in the tent door, which [was] behind him.
Genesis 19:1-3 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing [them] rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; ... And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.
Judges 13:15-25 And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. ... And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.
Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Gn 18:2; 19:1. Lv 19:34. Dt 10:18. Jg 13:15. 1K 17:10. 2K 4:8. Jb 31:19, 32. Is 58:7. Mt 25:35, 40, 43. Ac 16:15. Ro 12:13; 16:23. 1Ti 3:2; 5:10. Tit 1:8. 1P 4:9.

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