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Psalms 141:5

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— Let the righteous smite me in kindness and reprove me; It is oil upon the head; Do not let my head refuse it, For still my prayer is against their wicked deeds.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Let the righteous smite me; [it shall be] a kindness: and let him reprove me; [it shall be] an excellent oil, [which] shall not break my head: for yet my prayer also [shall be] in their calamities.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— Let the righteous smite me, [it shall be] a kindness; and let him reprove me, [it shall be as] oil upon the head; let not my head refuse it: for even in their wickedness shall my prayer continue.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let the righteous smite me, [it shall be] a kindness; And let him reprove me, [it shall be as] oil upon the head; Let not my head refuse it: For even in their wickedness shall my prayer continue.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let the righteous smite me; [it shall be] a kindness: and let him reprove me; [it shall be] an excellent oil, [which] shall not break my head: for yet my prayer also [shall be] in their calamities.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let the righteous smite me, it is kindness; and let him reprove me, it is an excellent oil which my head shall not refuse: for yet my prayer also is [for them] in their calamities.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let a righteous man smite me—a lovingkindness, that he should correct me, an oil for the head [which] let not my head refuse! For, yet, even my prayer, shall be in their calamities.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The righteous doth beat me [in] kindness. And doth reprove me, Oil of the head my head disalloweth not, For still my prayer [is] about their vexations.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The just man shall correct me in mercy, and shall reprove me: but let not the oil of the sinner fatten my head. For my prayer shall still be against the things with which they are well pleased:
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— Let the righteous smite me: for that is a benefite: and let him reprooue me, and it shalbe a precious oyle, that shall not breake mine head: for within a while I shall euen pray in their miseries.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let the righteous smite mee, [it shalbe] a kindnesse: and let him reprooue me, [it shalbe] an excellent oile, [which] shall not breake my head: for yet my prayer also [shalbe] in their calamities.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— Let the righteous teach me and reprove me; let the oil of the wicked not anoint my head since my prayer has been against their evils.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The righteous shall chasten me with mercy, and reprove me: but let not the oil of the sinner anoint my head: for yet shall my prayer also be in their pleasures.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Let the righteous smite me; [it shall be] a kindness: and let him reprove me; [it shall be] an excellent oil, [which] shall not break my head: for yet my prayer also [shall be] in their calamities.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let the righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
From H6663; just.
smite 1986
{1986} Prime
A primitive root; to strike down; by implication to hammer, stamp, conquer, disband.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
me; [it shall be] a kindness: 2617
{2617} Prime
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
and let him reprove 3198
{3198} Prime
A primitive root; to be right (that is, correct); reciprocally to argue; causatively to decide, justify or convict.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
me; [it shall be] an excellent 7218
{7218} Prime
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
oil, 8081
{8081} Prime
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
[which] shall not x408
(0408) Complement
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
break 5106
{5106} Prime
A primitive root; to refuse, forbid, dissuade, or neutralize.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
my head: 7218
{7218} Prime
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
yet x5750
(5750) Complement
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
my prayer 8605
{8605} Prime
From H6419; intercession, supplication; by implication a hymn.
also [shall be] in their calamities. 7451
{7451} Prime
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 141:1-10.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 141:5-10

_ _ Here, I. David desires to be told of his faults. His enemies reproached him with that which was false, which he could not but complain of; yet, at the same time, he desired his friends would reprove him for that which was really amiss in him, particularly if there was any thing that gave the least colour to those reproaches (Psalms 141:5): let the righteous smite me; it shall be a kindness. The righteous God (so some); “I will welcome the rebukes of his providence, and be so far from quarrelling with them that I will receive them as tokens of love and improve them as means of grace, and will pray for those that are the instruments of my trouble.” But it is commonly taken for the reproofs given by righteous men; and it best becomes those that are themselves righteous to reprove the unrighteousness of others, and from them reproof will be best taken. But if the reproof be just, though the reprover be not so, we must make a good use of it and learn obedience by it. We are here taught how to receive the reproofs of the righteous and wise. 1. We must desire to be reproved for whatever is amiss in us, or is done amiss by us: “Lord, put it into the heart of the righteous to smite me and reprove me. If my own heart does not smite me, as it ought, let my friend do it; let me never fall under that dreadful judgment of being let alone in sin.” 2. We must account it a piece of friendship. We must not only bear it patiently, but take it as a kindness; for reproofs of instruction are the way of life (Proverbs 6:23), are means of good to us, to bring us to repentance for the sins we have committed, and to prevent relapses into sin. Though reproofs cut, it is in order to a cure, and therefore they are much more desirable than the kisses of an enemy (Proverbs 27:6) or the song of fools, Ecclesiastes 7:5. David blessed God for Abigail's seasonable admonition, 1 Samuel 25:32. 3. We must reckon ourselves helped and healed by it: It shall be as an excellent oil to a wound, to mollify it and close it up; it shall not break my head, as some reckon it to do, who could as well bear to have their heads broken as to be told of their faults; but, says David, “I am not of that mind; it is my sin that has broken my head, that has broken my bones, Psalms 51:8. The reproof is an excellent oil, to cure the bruises sin has given me. It shall not break my head, if it may but help to break my heart.” 4. We must requite the kindness of those that deal thus faithfully, thus friendly with us, at least by our prayers for them in their calamities, and hereby we must show that we take it kindly. Dr. Hammond gives quite another reading of this verse: “Reproach will bruise me that am righteous, and rebuke me; but that poisonous oil shall not break my head (shall not destroy me, shall not do me the mischief intended), for yet my prayer shall be in their mischiefs, that God would preserve me from them, and my prayer shall not be in vain.”

_ _ II. David hopes his persecutors will, some time or other, bear to be told of their faults, as he was willing to be told of his (Psalms 141:6): “When their judges” (Saul and his officers who judged and condemned David, and would themselves be sole judges) “are overthrown in stony places, among the rocks in the wilderness, then they shall hear my words, for they are sweet.” Some think this refers to the relentings that were in Saul's breast when he said, with tears, Is this thy voice, my son David? 1 Samuel 24:16; 1 Samuel 26:21. Or we may take it more generally: even judges, great as they are, may come to be overthrown. Those that make the greatest figure in this world do not always meet with level smooth ways through it. And those that slighted the word of God before will relish it, and be glad of it, when they are in affliction, for that opens the ear to instruction. When the world is bitter the word is sweet. Oppressed innocency cannot gain a hearing with those that live in pomp and pleasure, but when they come to be overthrown themselves they will have more compassionate thoughts of the afflicted.

_ _ III. David complains of the great extremity to which he and his friends were reduced (Psalms 141:7): Our bones are scattered at the grave's mouth, out of which they are thrown up, so long have we been dead, or into which they are ready to be thrown, so near are we to the pit; and they are as little regarded as chips among the hewers of wood, which are thrown in neglected heaps: As one that cuts and cleaves the earth (so some read it), alluding to the ploughman who tears the earth in pieces with his plough-share, Psalms 129:3. Can these dry bones live?

_ _ IV. David casts himself upon God, and depends upon him for deliverance: “But my eyes are unto thee (Psalms 141:8); for, when the case is ever so deplorable, thou canst redress all the grievances. From thee I expect relief, bad as things are, and in thee is my trust.” Those that have their eye towards God may have their hopes in him.

_ _ V. He prays that God would succour and relieve him as his necessity required. 1. That he would comfort him: “Leave not my soul desolate and destitute; still let me see where my help is.” 2. That he would prevent the designs of his enemies against him (Psalms 141:9): “Keep me from being taken in the snare they have laid for me; give me to discover it and to evade it.” Be the gin placed with ever so much subtlety, God can and will secure his people from being taken in it. 3. That God would, in justice, turn the designs of his enemies upon themselves, and, in mercy, deliver him from being ruined by them (Psalms 141:10): let the wicked fall into their own net, the net which, intentionally, they procured for me, but which, meritoriously, they prepared for themselves. Nec lex est justioir ulla quam necis artifices arte perire suaNo law can be more just than that the architects of destruction should perish by their own contrivances. All that are bound over to God's justice are held in the cords of their own iniquity. But let me at the same time obtain a discharge. The entangling and ensnaring of the wicked sometimes prove the escape and enlargement of the righteous.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 141:5

Smite — By reproofs. Break — Not hurt, but heal and greatly refresh me. Calamities — In the calamities of those righteous persons who reproved him. When they came into such calamities as those wherein he was involved he would pity them and pray for them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 141:5

Let the righteous smite me; [it shall be] a kindness: and let (e) him reprove me; [it shall be] an excellent oil, [which] shall not break my head: for yet my prayer also [shall be] in their calamities.

(e) He could abide all corrections that came from a loving heart.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the righteous:

1 Samuel 25:31-34 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid. ... For in very deed, [as] the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
2 Samuel 12:7-13 And Nathan said to David, Thou [art] the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul; ... And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.
2 Chronicles 16:7-10 And at that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah, and said unto him, Because thou hast relied on the king of Syria, and not relied on the LORD thy God, therefore is the host of the king of Syria escaped out of thine hand. ... Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; for [he was] in a rage with him because of this [thing]. And Asa oppressed [some] of the people the same time.
2 Chronicles 25:16 And it came to pass, as he talked with him, that [the king] said unto him, Art thou made of the king's counsel? forbear; why shouldest thou be smitten? Then the prophet forbare, and said, I know that God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel.
Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:
Proverbs 9:8-9 Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and he will love thee. ... Give [instruction] to a wise [man], and he will be yet wiser: teach a just [man], and he will increase in learning.
Proverbs 15:5 A fool despiseth his father's instruction: but he that regardeth reproof is prudent.
Proverbs 15:22 Without counsel purposes are disappointed: but in the multitude of counsellors they are established.
Proverbs 19:25 Smite a scorner, and the simple will beware: and reprove one that hath understanding, [and] he will understand knowledge.
Proverbs 25:12 [As] an earring of gold, and an ornament of fine gold, [so is] a wise reprover upon an obedient ear.
Proverbs 27:5-6 Open rebuke [is] better than secret love. ... Faithful [are] the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy [are] deceitful.
Galatians 2:11-14 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. ... But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?
Galatians 6:1 Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted.
Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

etc. or, smite me kindly and reprove me; let not their precious oil break my head, etc

for yet my:

Psalms 51:18 Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.
Psalms 125:4 Do good, O LORD, unto [those that be] good, and [to them that are] upright in their hearts.
Matthew 5:44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
2 Timothy 1:16-18 The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain: ... The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well.
James 5:14-16 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord: ... Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

1S 25:31. 2S 12:7. 2Ch 16:7; 25:16. Ps 51:18; 125:4. Pv 6:23; 9:8; 15:5, 22; 19:25; 25:12; 27:5. Mt 5:44. Ga 2:11; 6:1. 2Ti 1:16. Jm 5:14. Rv 3:19.

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