Parallel Bible VersionsNASB/KJV Study BibleHebrew Bible Study Tools

Zechariah 5:1

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— Then I lifted up my eyes again and looked, and behold, [there was] a flying scroll.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Then I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— Then again I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and behold, a flying roll.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then again I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, a flying roll.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then I turned, and lifted up my eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I lifted up mine eyes again, and saw, and behold, a flying roll.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And once more lifted I mine eyes, and looked,—and lo! a Flying Volume.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I turn back, and lift up mine eyes, and look, and lo, a flying roll.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I turned and lifted up my eyes: and I saw, and behold a volume flying.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— Then I turned me, and lifted vp mine eyes and looked, and beholde, a flying booke.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then I turned, and lift vp mine eyes, and looked, and behold, a flying roule.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— THEN I turned and lifted up my eyes and looked, and beheld a flying scroll.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked and behold a flying sickle.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then I turned, 7725
{7725} Prime
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and lifted up 5375
{5375} Prime
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
mine eyes, 5869
{5869} Prime
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
and looked, 7200
{7200} Prime
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and behold x2009
(2009) Complement
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
a flying 5774
{5774} Prime
A primitive root; to cover (with wings or obscurity); hence (as denominative from H5775) to fly; also (by implication of dimness) to faint (from the darkness of swooning).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
roll. 4039
{4039} Prime
From H1556; a roll.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 5:1

_ _ Zechariah 5:1-4. Sixth Vision. The flying roll. The fraudulent and perjuring transgressors of the Law shall be extirpated from Judea.

_ _ flying roll — of papyrus, or dressed skins, used for writing on when paper was not known. It was inscribed with the words of the curse (Deuteronomy 27:15-26; Deuteronomy 28:15-68). Being written implied that its contents were beyond all escape or repeal (Ezekiel 2:9). Its “flying” shows that its curses were ready swiftly to visit the transgressors. It was unrolled, or else its dimensions could not have been seen (Zechariah 5:2). Being open to all, none could say in excuse he knew not the law and the curses of disobedience. As the previous visions intimated God’s favor in restoring the Jewish state, so this vision announces judgment, intimating that God, notwithstanding His favor, did not approve of their sins. Being written on both sides, “on this and on that side” (Zechariah 5:3) [Vatablus] connects it with the two tables of the law (Exodus 32:15), and implies its comprehensiveness. One side denounced “him that sweareth falsely (Zechariah 5:4) by God’s name,” according to the third commandment of the first table, duty to God; the other side denounced theft, according to the eighth commandment, which is in the second table, duty to one’s neighbor.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Zechariah 5:1-4

_ _ We do not find that the prophet now needed to be awakened, as he did Zechariah 4:1. Being awakened then, he kept wakeful after; nay, now he needs not be so much as called to look about him, for of his own accord he turns and lifts up his eyes. This good men sometimes get by their infirmities, they make them the more careful and circumspect afterwards. Now observe,

_ _ I. What it was that the prophet saw; he looked up into the air, and behold a flying roll. A vast large scroll of parchment which had been rolled up, and is therefore called a roll, was now unrolled and expanded; this roll was flying upon the wings of the wind, carried swiftly through the air in open view, as an eagle that shoots down upon her prey; it was a roll, like Ezekiel's that was written within and without with lamentations, and mourning, and woe, Ezekiel 2:9, Ezekiel 2:10. As the command of the law is in writing, for certainty and perpetuity, so is the curse of the law; it writes bitter things against the sinner. “What I have written I have written and what is written remains.” The angel, to engage the prophet's attention, and to raise in him a desire to have it explained, asks him what he sees? And he gives him this account of it: I see a flying roll, and as near as he can guess by his eye it is twenty cubits long (that is, ten yards) and ten cubits broad, that is, five yards. The scriptures of the Old Testament and the New are rolls, in which God has written to us the great things of his law and gospel. Christ is the Master of the rolls. They are large rolls, have much in them. They are flying rolls; the angel that had the everlasting gospel to preach flew in the midst of heaven, Revelation 14:6. God's word runs very swiftly, Psalms 147:15. Those that would be let into the meaning of these rolls must first tell what they see, must go as far as they can themselves. “What is written in the law? how readest thou? Tell me that, and then thou shalt be made to understand what thou readest.

_ _ II. How it was expounded to him, Zechariah 5:3, Zechariah 5:4. This flying roll is a curse; it contains a declaration of the righteous wrath of God against those sinners especially who by swearing affront God's majesty or by stealing invade their neighbour's property. Let every Israelite rejoice in the blessings of his country with trembling; for if he swear, if he steal, if he live in any course of sin, he shall see them with his eyes, but shall not have the comfort of them, for against him the curse has gone forth. If I be wicked, woe to me for all this. Now observe here,

_ _ 1. The extent of this curse; the prophet sees it flying, but which way does it steer its course? It goes forth over the face of the whole earth, not only of the land of Israel, but the whole world; for those that have sinned against the law written in their hearts only shall by that law be judged, though they have not the book of the law. Note, All mankind are liable to the judgment of God; and, wherever sinners are, any where upon the face of the whole earth, the curse of God can and will find them out and seize them. Oh that we could with an eye of faith see the flying roll of God's curse hanging over the guilty world as a thick cloud, not only keeping off the sun-beams of God's favour from them, but big with thunders, lightnings, and storms, ready to destroy them! How welcome then would the tidings of a Saviour be, who came to redeem us from the curse of the law by being himself made a curse for us, and, like the prophet, eating this roll! The vast length and breadth of this roll intimate what a multitude of curses sinners lie exposed to. God will make their plagues wonderful, if they turn not.

_ _ 2. The criminals against whom particularly this curse is levelled. The world is full of sin in great variety: so was the Jewish church at this time. But two sorts of sinners are here specified as the objects of this curse: — (1.) Thieves; it is for every one that steals, that by fraud or force takes that which is not his own, especially that robs God and converts to his own use what was devoted to God and his honour, which was a sin much complained of among the Jews at this time, Malachi 3:8; Nehemiah 13:10. Sacrilege is, without doubt, the worst kind of thievery. He also that robs his father or mother, and saith, It is no transgression (Proverbs 28:24), let him know that against him this curse is directed, for it is against every one that steals. The letter of the eighth commandment has no penalty annexed to it; but the curse here is a sanction to that command. (2.) Swearers. Sinners of the former class offend against the second table, these against the first; for the curse meets those that break either table. He that swears rashly and profanely shall not be held guiltless, much less he that swears falsely (Zechariah 5:4); he imprecates the curse upon himself by his perjury, and so shall his doom be; God will say Amen to his imprecation, and turn it upon his own head. He has appealed to God's judgment, which is always according to truth, for the confirming of a lie, and to that judgment he shall go which he has so impiously affronted.

_ _ 3. The enforcing of this curse, and the equity of it: I will bring it forth, saith the Lord of hosts, Zechariah 5:4. He that pronounces the sentence will take care to see it executed. His bringing it forth denotes, (1.) His giving it commission. It is a righteous curse, for he is a righteous God that warrants it. (2.) His giving it the setting on. He brings it forth with power, and orders what execution it shall do; and who can put by or resist the curse which a God of almighty power brings forth?

_ _ 4. The effect of this curse; it is very dreadful, (1.) Upon the sinner himself: Every one that steals shall be cut off, not corrected, but destroyed, cut off from the land of the living. The curse of God is a cutting thing, a killing thing. He shall be cut off as on this side (cut off from this place, that is, from Jerusalem), and so he that swears from this side (it is the same word), from this place. God will not spare the sinners he finds among his own people, nor shall the holy city be a protection to the unholy. Or they shall be cut off from hence, that is, from the face of the whole earth, over which the curse flies. Or he that steals shall be cut off on this side, and he that swears on that side; they shall all be cut off, one as well as another, and both according to the curse, for the judgments of God's hand are exactly agreeable with the judgments of his mouth. (2.) Upon his family: It shall enter into the house of the thief and of him that swears. God's curse comes with a warrant to break open doors, and cannot be kept out by bars or locks. There where the sinner is most secure, and thinks himself out of danger, — there where he promises himself refreshment by food and sleep, — there, in his own house, shall the curse of God seize him; nay, it shall fall not upon him only, but upon all about him for his sake. Cursed shall be his basket and his store, and cursed the fruit of his body, Deuteronomy 28:17, Deuteronomy 28:18. The curse of the Lord is in the house of the wicked, Proverbs 3:33. It shall not only beset his house, or he at the door, but it shall remain in the midst of his house, and diffuse its malignant influences to all the parts of it. It shall dwell in his tabernacle because it is none of his, Job 18:15. It shall dwell where he dwells, and be his constant companion at bed and board, to make both miserable to him. Having got possession, it shall keep it, and, unless he repent and reform, there is no way to throw it out or cut off the entail of it. Nay, it shall so remain in it as to consume it with the timber thereof, and the stones thereof, which, though ever so strong, though the timber be heart of oak and the stones hewn out of the rocks of adamant, yet they shall not be able to stand before the curse of God. We heard the stone and the timber complaining of the owner's extortion and oppression, and groaning under the burden of them, Habakkuk 2:11. Now here we have them delivered from that bondage of corruption. While they were in their strength and beauty they supported, sorely against their will, the sinner's pride and security; but, when they are consumed, their ruins will, to their satisfaction, be standing monuments of God's justice and lasting witnesses of the sinner's injustice. Note, Sin is the ruin of houses and families, especially the sins of injury and perjury. Who knows the power of God's anger, and the operations of his curse? Even timber and stones have been consumed by them; let us therefore stand in awe and not sin.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 5:1

A flying roll — A volume, or book spread out at large, flying in the air, swiftly.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Zechariah 5:2 And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I answered, I see a flying roll; the length thereof [is] twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits.
Isaiah 8:1 Moreover the LORD said unto me, Take thee a great roll, and write in it with a man's pen concerning Mahershalalhashbaz.
Jeremiah 36:1-6 And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, [that] this word came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, ... Therefore go thou, and read in the roll, which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the LORD in the ears of the people in the LORD'S house upon the fasting day: and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come out of their cities.
Jeremiah 36:20-24 And they went in to the king into the court, but they laid up the roll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and told all the words in the ears of the king. ... Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, [neither] the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.
Jeremiah 36:27-32 Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, after that the king had burned the roll, and the words which Baruch wrote at the mouth of Jeremiah, saying, ... Then took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah; who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire: and there were added besides unto them many like words.
Ezekiel 2:9-10 And when I looked, behold, an hand [was] sent unto me; and, lo, a roll of a book [was] therein; ... And he spread it before me; and it [was] written within and without: and [there was] written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe.
Revelation 5:1-14 And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals. ... And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.
Revelation 10:2 And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and [his] left [foot] on the earth,
Revelation 10:8-11 And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go [and] take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth. ... And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes

Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Is 8:1. Jr 36:1, 20, 27. Ezk 2:9. Zc 5:2. Rv 5:1; 10:2, 8.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereExpand User Bible CommentaryComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Recent Chat Bible Comments