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Jeremiah 17:9

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— “The heart is more deceitful than all else And is desperately sick; Who can understand it?
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— The heart is deceitful above all things, and it is desperately sick: who can know it?
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The heart is deceitful above all things, and it is exceedingly corrupt: who can know it?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The heart is deceitful above all things, and incurable; who can know it?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Deceitful, is the heart above all things And, dangerously wayward,—Who can know it?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Crooked [is] the heart above all things, And it [is] incurable—who doth know it?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The heart is perverse above all things, and unsearchable, who can know it?
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— The heart is deceitfull and wicked aboue all things, who can knowe it?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The heart [is] deceitfull aboue all things, and desperately wicked, who can know it?
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— The heart is stubborn above all things; who can understand it?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The heart is deep beyond all things, and it is the man, and who can know him?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The heart 3820
{3820} Prime
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
[is] deceitful 6121
{6121} Prime
From H6117; in the original sense, a knoll (as swelling up); in the denominative sense (transitively) fraudulent or (intransitively) tracked.
above all x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[things], and desperately wicked: 605
{0605} Prime
A primitive root; to be frail, feeble, or (figuratively) melancholy.
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
who x4310
(4310) Complement
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
can know 3045
{3045} Prime
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Jeremiah 17:9

_ _ deceitful — from a root, “supplanting,” “tripping up insidiously by the heel,” from which Jacob (Hosea 12:3) took his name. In speaking of the Jews’ deceit of heart, he appropriately uses a term alluding to their forefather, whose deceit, but not whose faith, they followed. His “supplanting” was in order to obtain Jehovah’s blessing. They plant Jehovah for “trust in man” (Jeremiah 17:5), and then think to deceive God, as if it could escape His notice, that it is in man, not in Him, they trust.

_ _ desperately wicked — “incurable” [Horsley], (Micah 1:9). Trust in one’s own heart is as foolish as in our fellow man (Proverbs 28:26).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Jeremiah 17:5-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jeremiah 17:9

The heart — There is nothing so false and deceitful as the heart of man; deceitful in its apprehensions of things, in the hopes and promises which it nourishes, in the assurances that it gives us; unsearchable by others, deceitful with reference to ourselves, and abominably wicked, so that neither can a man know his own heart, nor can any other know that of his neighbour's.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Jeremiah 17:9

(i) The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?

(i) Because the wicked always have some excuse to defend their doings he shows that their own lewd imaginations deceive them and bring them to these hardships: but God will examine their deeds by the malice of their hearts, (1 Samuel 16:7, 1 Chronicles 28:9, Psalms 7:10, Jeremiah 11:20, Jeremiah 10:12, Revelation 2:13).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Jeremiah 16:12 And ye have done worse than your fathers; for, behold, ye walk every one after the imagination of his evil heart, that they may not hearken unto me:
Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth, and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually.
Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart [is] evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
Job 15:14-16 What [is] man, that he should be clean? and [he which is] born of a woman, that he should be righteous? ... How much more abominable and filthy [is] man, which drinketh iniquity like water?
Psalms 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
Psalms 53:1-3 [[To the chief Musician upon Mahalath, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good. ... Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; [there is] none that doeth good, no, not one.
Proverbs 28:26 He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool: but whoso walketh wisely, he shall be delivered.
Ecclesiastes 9:3 This [is] an evil among all [things] that are done under the sun, that [there is] one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness [is] in their heart while they live, and after that [they go] to the dead.
Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
Mark 7:21-22 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, ... Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:
Hebrews 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
James 1:14-15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. ... Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Gn 6:5; 8:21. Jb 15:14. Ps 51:5; 53:1. Pv 28:26. Ec 9:3. Jr 16:12. Mt 15:19. Mk 7:21. He 3:12. Jm 1:14.

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