Frogs over the Land
1 IThen the LORD° said° to Moses°, “Go° to Pharaoh° and say° to him, ‘Thus° says° the LORD°, “aLet° My people° go°, that they may serve° Me. 2 But if° you refuse° to let° [them] go°, behold°, I will smite° your whole° territory° with frogs°. 3 The Nile° will aswarm° with frogs°, which will come° up and go° into your house° and into your bedroom°° and on your bed°, and into the houses° of your servants° and on your people°, and into your ovens° and into your kneading° bowls°. 4 So the frogs° will come° up on you and your people° and all° your servants°.”’” 5 IThen the LORD° said° to Moses°, “Say° to Aaron°, ‘aStretch° out your hand° with your staff° over° the rivers°, over° the IIstreams° and over° the pools°, and make frogs° come° up on the land° of Egypt°.’” 6 So Aaron° stretched° out his hand° over° the waters° of Egypt°, and the Iafrogs° came° up and covered° the land° of Egypt°. 7 aThe Imagicians° did° IIthe same° with their secret° arts°, IIImaking frogs° come° up on the land° of Egypt°.
 ICh 7:26 in Heb aEx 3:18; 4:23; 5:1, 3
 aPs 105:30
 ICh 8:1 in Heb IIOr canals aEx 7:19
 ILit frog aPs 78:45; 105:30
 IOr soothsayer priests IILit thus IIILit and made aEx 7:11, 22
8 ¶ Then Pharaoh° acalled° for Moses° and Aaron° and said°, “bEntreat° the LORD° that He remove° the frogs° from me and from my people°; and cI will let° the people° go°, that they may sacrifice° to the LORD°.” 9 Moses° said° to Pharaoh°, “IThe honor° is yours to tell me: when° shall I entreat° for you and your servants° and your people°, that the frogs° be IIdestroyed° from you and your houses°, [that] they may be left° only° in the Nile°?”
 aEx 8:25; 9:27; 10:16 bEx 8:28; 9:28; 10:17; Nu 21:7; 1K 13:6 cEx 8:15, 29, 32
 ILit Glory over me IILit cut off
10 ¶ Then he said°, “Tomorrow°.” So he said°, “[May it be] according to your word°, that you may know° that there° is ano° one° like the LORD° our God°. 11 The afrogs° will depart° from you and your houses° and your servants° and your people°; they will be left° only° in the Nile°.” 12 Then Moses° and Aaron° went° out from Pharaoh°, and aMoses° cried° to the LORD° concerning°° the frogs° which° He had Iinflicted° upon Pharaoh°. 13 The LORD° did° according to the word° of Moses°, and the frogs° died° out of the houses°, the courts°, and the fields°. 14 So they piled° them in heaps°, and the land° Ibecame° foul°. 15 But when Pharaoh° saw° that there was relief°, he Ihardened° his heart° and adid not listen° to them, as the LORD° had said°.
 aEx 9:14; Dt 4:35, 39; 33:26; 2S 7:22; 1Ch 17:20; Ps 86:8; Is 46:9; Jr 10:6, 7
 aEx 8:13
 ILit placed aEx 8:30; 9:33; 10:18
 II.e. had a bad smell
 ILit made heavy aEx 7:4
The Plague of Insects
16 ¶ Then the LORD° said° to Moses°, “Say° to Aaron°, ‘Stretch° out your staff° and strike° the dust° of the earth°, that it may become° Ignats° through all° the land° of Egypt°.’” 17 They did° so°; and Aaron° stretched° out his hand° with his staff°, and struck° the dust° of the earth°, and there were Ignats° on man° and beast°. All° the dust° of the earth° became° Iagnats° through all° the land° of Egypt°. 18 The Imagicians° tried° with their secret° arts° to bring° forth° IIgnats°, but athey could° not; so there were IIgnats° on man° and beast°. 19 Then the Imagicians° said° to Pharaoh°, “aThis° is the finger° of God°.” But Pharaoh’s° heart° was IIhardened°, and he did not listen° to them, as the LORD° had said°.
 IOr lice
 IOr lice aPs 105:31
 IOr soothsayer priests IIOr lice aEx 7:11, 12; 8:7; 9:11
 IOr soothsayer priests IILit strong aEx 7:5; 10:7; Ps 8:3; Lk 11:20
20 ¶ Now the LORD° said° to Moses°, “aRise° early° in the morning° and present° yourself° before° Pharaoh°, Ias bhe comes° out to the water°, and say° to him, ‘Thus° says° the LORD°, “cLet° My people° go°, that they may serve° Me. 21 For if° you do not let° My people° go°, behold°, I will send° swarms° of flies on you and on your servants° and on your people° and into your houses°; and the houses° of the Egyptians° will be full° of swarms° of flies, and also° the ground° on which° they [dwell]. 22 aBut on that day° I will set° apart° the land° of Goshen°, where° My people° are Iliving°, so that no° swarms° of flies will be there°, in order° that you may know° that IIbI, the LORD°, am in the midst° of the land°. 23 I will Iput° a division° between° My people° and your people°. Tomorrow° this° sign° will occur°.”’” 24 Then the LORD° did° so°. And there came° Igreat° swarms° of flies into the house° of Pharaoh° and the houses° of his servants° and the land° was alaid° waste° because°° of the swarms° of flies in all° the land° of Egypt°.
 ILit behold aEx 7:15; 9:13 bEx 2:5; 7:15 cEx 3:18; 4:23; 5:1, 3; 8:1
 ILit standing IIOr I am the LORD in the midst of the earth aEx 9:4, 6, 24; 10:23; 11:7 bEx 9:29; 19:5; 20:11
 ILit set a ransom
 ILit heavy aPs 78:45; 105:31
25 ¶ Pharaoh° acalled° for Moses° and Aaron° and said°, “bGo°, sacrifice° to your God° within the land°.” 26 But Moses° said°, “It is not right° to do° so°, for we will sacrifice° to the LORD° our God° Iwhat is aan abomination° to the Egyptians°. If° we sacrifice° Iwhat is an abomination° to the Egyptians° before their eyes°, will they not then stone° us? 27 We must go° a athree° days’° journey° into the wilderness° and sacrifice° to the LORD° our God° as He Icommands° us.” 28 Pharaoh° said°, “aI will let° you go°, that you may sacrifice° to the LORD° your God° in the wilderness°; only° you shall not go° very far° away. bMake° supplication° for me.” 29 Then Moses° said°, “Behold°, I am going° out from you, and I shall make° supplication° to the LORD° that the swarms° of flies may depart° from Pharaoh°, from his servants°, and from his people° tomorrow°; only° do not let Pharaoh° adeal° deceitfully° again° in not letting° the people° go° to sacrifice° to the LORD°.”
 aEx 8:8; 9:27; 10:16 bEx 9:28; 10:8, 24; 12:31
 ILit the abomination of Egypt aGn 43:32; 46:34; Dt 7:25f
 ILit says to us aEx 3:18; 5:3
 aEx 8:8, 15, 29, 32 bEx 8:8; 9:28; 1K 13:6
 aEx 8:8, 15
30 ¶ So aMoses° went° out from Pharaoh° and made° supplication° to the LORD°. 31 The LORD° did° Ias Moses° asked°, and removed° the swarms° of flies from Pharaoh°, from his servants° and from his people°; not one° remained°. 32 But Pharaoh° Ihardened° his heart° this° time° also°, and ahe did not let° the people° go°.
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Frogs are sent.
1 ¶ And the LORDº spakeºª unto² Moses,º Goºª unto² Pharaoh,º and sayºª unto² him, Thus² saithºª the LORD,º Let² my peopleº go,ºª that they may serveºª me. 2 And if² thou² refuseº to let [them] go,ºª behold,² I² will smiteºª² all² thy bordersº with frogs:º 3 And the riverº shall bring forth¹ª frogs¹ abundantly,ºª² which shall go upºª and comeºª into thine house,º and into thy bedchamber,ºº and upon² thy bed,º and into the houseº of thy servants,º and upon thy people,º and into thine ovens,º and into thy kneadingtroughs:º 4 And the frogsº shall come upºª both on thee, and upon thy people,º and upon all² thy servants.º
 Ex 3:12, 18; 5:1; 7:16; Jr 1:17; 15:19; Ezk 2:6.
 Ex 7:14; 9:2; Ps 78:45; 105:30; Rv 16:13.
 Ex 12:34.
 Ps 107:40; Is 19:11, 22; 23:9; Dn 4:37; Ac 12:22.
5 ¶ And the LORDº spakeºª unto² Moses,º Sayºª unto² Aaron,º Stretch forthºª² thine handº with thy rodº over² the streams,º over² the rivers,º and over² the ponds,º and cause² frogsº to come upºª upon² the landº of Egypt.º 6 And Aaronº stretched outºª² his handº over² the watersº of Egypt;º and the frogsº came up,ºª and coveredºª² the landº of Egypt.º 7 And the magiciansº didºª so² with their enchantments,º and brought upºª² frogsº upon² the landº of Egypt.º
 Ex 7:19.
 Lv 11:12; Ps 78:45; 105:30; Rv 16:13.
 Ex 7:11, 22; Dt 13:1; Mt 24:24; 2Th 2:9; 2Ti 3:8; Rv 13:14.
Pharaoh sueth Moses,
8 ¶ Then Pharaohº calledºª for Mosesº and Aaron,º and said,ºª Intreatºª² the LORD,º that he may take awayºª the frogsº from² me, and from my people;º² and I will let² the peopleº go,ºª that they may do sacrificeºª unto the LORD.º 9 And Mosesº saidºª unto Pharaoh,º Gloryºª over² me: whenº shall I intreatºª for thee, and for thy servants,º and for thy people,º to destroyºª the frogsº from² thee and thy houses,º² [that] they may remainºª in the riverº only?² 10 And he said,ºª To morrow.º And he said,ºª [Be it] according to thy word:º that² thou mayest knowºª that² [there is] none² like unto the LORDº our God.º 11 And the frogsº shall departºª from² thee, and from thy houses,º² and from thy servants,º² and from thy people;º² they shall remainºª in the riverº only.²
 Ex 5:2; 8:25; 9:28; 10:8, 17, 24; 12:31; 14:5; Nu 21:7; 1S 12:19; 1K 13:6; Ps 66:3; 78:34; Jr 34:8; Ac 8:24.
 Ex 8:13; Jg 7:2; 1K 18:25; Is 10:15.
 Ex 9:14, 29; 15:11; Dt 32:31; 33:26; 2S 7:22; 1Ch 17:20; Ps 9:16; 83:18; 86:8; 89:6; Pv 27:1; Is 40:25; 46:9; Jr 10:6; Jm 4:14.
 Ex 8:3, 9.
and Moses by prayer removeth them away.
12 And Mosesº and Aaronº went outºª from²² Pharaoh:º and Mosesº criedºª unto² the LORDº because ofº² the frogsº which² he had broughtºª against Pharaoh.º 13 And the LORDº didºª according to the wordº of Moses;º and the frogsº diedºª out of² the houses,º out of² the villages,º and out of² the fields.º 14 And they gathered them togetherºª² upon heaps:º and the landº stank.ºª 15 But when Pharaohº sawºª that² there was² respite,º he hardenedºª² his heart,º and hearkenedºª not² unto² them; as² the LORDº had said.ºª
 Ex 8:8, 30; 9:33; 10:18; 32:11; 1S 12:23; Ezk 36:37; Jm 5:16.
 Dt 34:10.
 Ex 7:21; 8:24; Is 34:2; Ezk 39:11; Jol 2:20.
 Ex 4:21; 7:4, 13; 14:5; Pv 29:1; Ec 8:11; Is 26:10; Jr 34:7; Ho 6:4; Zc 7:11; He 3:8, 15; Rv 16:9.
The dust is turned into lice, which the magicians could not do.
16 ¶ And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Sayºª unto² Aaron,º Stretch outºª² thy rod,º and smiteºª² the dustº of the land,º that it may become² liceº throughout all² the landº of Egypt.º 17 And they didºª so;² for Aaronº stretched outºª² his handº with his rod,º and smoteºª² the dustº of the earth,º and it became² liceº in man,º and in beast;º all² the dustº of the landº became² liceº throughout all² the landº of Egypt.º 18 And the magiciansº didºª so² with their enchantmentsº to bring forthºª² lice,º but they couldºª not:² so there were² liceº upon man,º and upon beast.º 19 Then the magiciansº saidºª unto² Pharaoh,º This² [is] the fingerº of God:º and Pharaoh'sº heartº was hardened,ºª and he hearkenedºª not² unto² them; as² the LORDº had said.ºª
 Ex 8:5, 17.
 Ps 105:31; Is 23:9; Ac 12:23.
 Gn 41:8; Ex 7:11; 9:11; Is 19:12; 47:12; Dn 2:10; 4:7; 5:8; Lk 10:18; 2Ti 3:8.
 Ex 8:15; 1S 6:3, 9; Ps 8:3; Dn 2:10, 19; Mt 12:28; Lk 11:20; Jn 11:47; Ac 4:16.
The swarms of flies.
20 ¶ And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Rise up earlyºª in the morning,º and standºª beforeº Pharaoh;º lo,² he cometh forthºª to the water;º and sayºª unto² him, Thus² saithºª the LORD,º Let my peopleº go,ºª that they may serveºª me. 21 Else,² if² thou wilt not² let² my peopleº go,ºª behold,² I will sendºª² swarmsº [of flies] upon thee, and upon thy servants,º and upon thy people,º and into thy houses:º and the housesº of the Egyptiansº shall be fullºª of² swarmsº [of flies], and also² the groundº whereon²² they² [are]. 22 And I will severºª in that² dayº² the landº of Goshen,º in² which² my peopleº dwell,ºª that noº swarmsº [of flies] shall beºª there;² to the endº thou mayest knowºª that² I² [am] the LORDº in the midstº of the earth.º 23 And I will putºª a divisionº between² my peopleº and thy people:º to morrowº shall this² signº be.² 24 And the LORDº didºª so;² and there cameºª a grievousº swarmº [of flies] into the houseº of Pharaoh,º and [into] his servants'º houses,º and into all² the landº of Egypt:º the landº was corruptedºª by reason¹ of²² the swarmº [of flies].
 Ex 7:15; 8:1.
 Ps 78:45; 105:31; Is 7:18.
 Ex 7:17; 8:10; 9:4, 6, 26; 10:23; 11:6; 12:13; Ps 74:12; 110:2; Ezk 30:19; Mal 3:18.
 Ex 8:14, 21; Ps 78:45; 105:31.
Pharaoh inclineth to let the people go,
25 ¶ And Pharaohº calledºª forº Mosesº and for Aaron,º and said,ºª Go¹ª² ye, sacrificeºª to your Godº in the land.º 26 And Mosesº said,ºª It is not² meetºª so² to do;ºª for¹² we shall sacrificeºª the abominationº of the Egyptiansº to the LORDº our God:º lo,² shall we sacrificeºª² the abominationº of the Egyptiansº before their eyes,º and will they not² stoneºª us? 27 We will go¹ª² threeº days'º journeyº into the wilderness,º and sacrificeºª to the LORDº our God,º as² he shall commandºª² us. 28 And Pharaohº said,ºª I² will let you go,ºª that ye may sacrificeºª to the LORDº your Godº in the wilderness;º only² ye shall not² go¹ª² very¹ª far away:ºª intreatºª for² me.¹ 29 And Mosesº said,ºª Behold,² I² go outºª from²² thee, and I will intreatºª² the LORDº that the swarmsº [of flies] may departºª from Pharaoh,º² from his servants,º² and from his people,º² to morrow:º butº let not² Pharaohº deal deceitfullyºª any moreºª in notº letting² the peopleº goºª to sacrificeºª to the LORD.º 30 And Mosesº went outºª from²² Pharaoh,º and intreatedºª² the LORD.º 31 And the LORDº didºª according to the wordº of Moses;º and he removedºª the swarmsº [of flies] from Pharaoh,º² from his servants,º² and from his people;º² there remainedºª not² one.º
 Ex 8:8; 9:27; 10:16; 12:31; Rv 3:9.
 Gn 43:32; 46:34; Ex 3:18; 9:3; Dt 7:25; 12:30; 1K 11:5; 2K 23:13; Ezr 9:1; Is 44:19; 2Co 6:14.
 Ex 3:12, 18; 5:1; 10:26; 34:11; Lv 10:1; Mt 28:20.
 Ex 8:8, 29; 9:28; 10:17; 1K 13:6; Ezr 6:10; Ec 6:10; Ho 10:2; Ac 8:24.
 Ex 8:8, 10, 15; Ps 66:3; 78:34; Jr 42:20; Ac 5:3; Ga 6:7.
 Ex 8:12; 9:33; Jm 5:16.
but yet is hardened.
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