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Song of Songs 5:10

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— “My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, Outstanding among ten thousand.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten thousand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chief among ten thousand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten thousand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [SHE.] My beloved, is white and ruddy, conspicuous beyond ten thousand:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— My beloved [is] clear and ruddy, Conspicuous above a myriad!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— My beloved is white and ruddy, chosen out of thousands.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— My welbeloued is white and ruddie, the chiefest of ten thousand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— My beloued [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among tenne thousand.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— My kinsman is white and ruddy, chosen out from myriads.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
My beloved 1730
{1730} Prime
From an unused root meaning properly to boil, that is, (figuratively) to love; by implication a love token, lover, friend; specifically an uncle.
[is] white 6703
{6703} Prime
From H6705; dazzling, that is, sunny, bright, (figuratively) evident.
and ruddy, 122
{0122} Prime
From H0119; rosy.
the chiefest 1713
{1713} Prime
A primitive root; to flaunt, that is, raise a flag; figuratively to be conspicuous.
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
among ten thousand. 7233
{7233} Prime
From H7231; abundance (in number), that is, (specifically) a myriad (whether definite or indefinite).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 5:10

_ _ (1 Peter 3:15).

_ _ white and ruddy — health and beauty. So David (equivalent to beloved), His forefather after the flesh, and type (1 Samuel 17:42). “The Lamb” is at once His nuptial and sacrificial name (1 Peter 1:19; Revelation 19:7), characterized by white and red; white, His spotless manhood (Revelation 1:14). The Hebrew for white is properly “illuminated by the sun,” white as the light” (compare Matthew 17:2); red, in His blood-dyed garment as slain (Isaiah 63:1-3; Revelation 5:6; Revelation 19:13). Angels are white, not red; the blood of martyrs does not enter heaven; His alone is seen there.

_ _ chiefest — literally, “a standard bearer”; that is, as conspicuous above all others, as a standard bearer is among hosts (Psalms 45:7; Psalms 89:6; Isaiah 11:10; Isaiah 55:4; Hebrews 2:10; compare 2 Samuel 18:3; Job 33:23; Philippians 2:9-11; Revelation 1:5). The chief of sinners needs the “chiefest” of Saviors.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 5:9-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 5:10

White — The white may denote his pure and spotless innocency, and the ruddy colour his bloody passion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Song of Songs 2:1 I [am] the rose of Sharon, [and] the lily of the valleys.
Deuteronomy 32:31 For their rock [is] not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves [being] judges.
Psalms 45:17 I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

the chiefest:
Heb. a standard bearer,
Isaiah 10:18 And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearer fainteth.
Isaiah 59:19 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.
Romans 9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
Philippians 2:9-11 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.
Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom [are] all things, and by whom [are] all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Dt 32:31. Ps 45:17. So 2:1. Is 10:18; 59:19; 66:19. Ro 9:5. Php 2:9. Col 1:18. He 2:10; 7:26.

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