Nehemiah’s Prayer Answered
1 And it came° about in the month° Nisan°, ain the twentieth° year° of King° bArtaxerxes°, that wine° [was] before° him, and cI took° up the wine° and gave° it to the king°. Now I had not been° sad° in his presence°. 2 So the king° said° to me, “Why° is your face° sad° though you are not sick°? aThis° is nothing° but sadness° of heart°.” Then I was very° much° afraid°. 3 I said° to the king°, “aLet the king° live° forever°. Why° should my face° not be sad° bwhen° the city°, the place° of my fathers’° tombs°, lies desolate° and its gates° have been consumed° by fire°?” 4 Then the king° said° to me, “What° would you request°?” aSo I prayed° to the God° of heaven°. 5 I said° to the king°, “If° it please° the king°, and if° your servant° has found° favor° before° you, send° me to Judah°, to the city° of my fathers’° tombs°, that I may rebuild° it.” 6 Then the king° said° to me, the queen° sitting° beside° him, “How° long°° will your journey° be, and when° will you return°?” So it pleased° the king° to send° me, and aI gave° him a definite° time°. 7 And I said° to the king°, “If° it please° the king°, let letters° be given° me afor the governors° [of the provinces] beyond° the River°, that they may allow me to pass° through° until°° I come° to Judah°, 8 and a letter° to Asaph° the keeper° of the king’s° aforest°, that he may give° me timber° to make° beams° for the gates° of bthe fortress° which° is by the Itemple°, for the wall° of the city° and for the house° to which° I will go°.” And the king° granted° [them] to me because cthe good° hand° of my God° [was] on me.
 aNe 1:1 bEzr 7:1 cNe 1:11
 aPv 15:13
 aDn 2:4 b2K 25:8-10; 2Ch 36:19; Ne 1:3; Jr 52:12-14
 aNe 1:4
 aNe 13:6
 aEzr 7:21; 8:36
 ILit house aEc 2:5, 6 bNe 7:2 cEzr 7:6; Ne 2:18
9 ¶ Then I came° to athe governors° [of the provinces] beyond° the River° and gave° them the king’s° letters°. Now bthe king° had sent° with me officers° of the army° and horsemen°. 10 When aSanballat° the Horonite° and Tobiah° the Ammonite° Iofficial° heard° [about it], it was very°° displeasing° to them that someone° had come° to seek° the welfare° of the sons° of Israel°.
Nehemiah Inspects Jerusalem’s Walls
11 ¶ So I acame° to Jerusalem° and was there° three° days°. 12 And I arose° in the night°, I and a few° men° with me. I did not tell° anyone° what° my God° was putting° into my Imind° to do° for Jerusalem° and there° was no° animal° with me except°° the animal° on which° I was riding°. 13 So I went° out at night° by athe Valley° Gate° in the direction° of the Dragon’s° Well° and [on] to the IRefuse° Gate°, inspecting° the walls° of Jerusalem° bwhich° were broken° down° and its cgates° which were consumed° by fire°. 14 Then I passed° on to athe Fountain° Gate° and bthe King’s° Pool°, but there° was no° place° for Imy mount° to pass°. 15 So I went° up at night° by the aravine° and inspected° the wall°. Then I entered° the Valley° Gate° again and returned°. 16 The officials° did not know° where° I had gone° or what° I had done°; nor° had I as yet° told° the Jews°, the priests°, the nobles°, the officials° or the rest° who did° the work°.
 aEzr 8:32
 ILit heart
 ILit Gate of Ash-heaps aNe 3:13 bNe 1:3 cNe 2:3, 17
 ILit the animal under me aNe 3:15 b2K 20:20
 aJn 18:1
17 ¶ Then I said° to them, “You see° the bad° situation° we are in, that aJerusalem° is desolate° and its gates° burned° by fire°. Come°, let us rebuild° the wall° of Jerusalem° so° that we will no° longer° be a reproach°.” 18 I told° them how° the hand° of my God° had been favorable° to me and also° about the king’s° words° which° he had spoken° to me. Then they said°, “Let us arise° and build°.” aSo they put° their hands° to the good° [work]. 19 But when Sanballat° the Horonite° and Tobiah° the Ammonite° Iofficial°, and aGeshem° the Arab° heard° [it], bthey mocked° us and despised° us and said°, “What° is this° thing° you are doing°? aAre you rebelling° against° the king°?” 20 So I answered° them and said° to them, “aThe God° of heaven° will give° us success°; therefore we His servants° will arise° and build°, bbut you have° no° portion°, right° or memorial° in Jerusalem°.”
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Artaxerxes understanding the cause of Nehemiah's sadness sendeth him with letters and commission to Jerusalem.
1 ¶ And it came to pass² in the monthº Nisan,º in the twentiethº yearº of Artaxerxesº the king,º [that] wineº [was] beforeº him: and I took upºª² the wine,º and gaveºª [it] unto the king.º Now I had not² been² [beforetime] sadº in his presence.º 2 Wherefore the kingº saidºª unto me, Why² [is] thy countenanceº sad,º seeing thou² [art] not² sick?ºª this² [is] nothing² [else] but²² sorrowº of heart.º Then I was veryº soreºª afraid,ºª 3 And saidºª unto the king,º Let the kingº liveºª for ever:º why² should not² my countenanceº be sad,¹ª² when² the city,º the placeº of my fathers'º sepulchres,º [lieth] waste,º and the gatesº thereof are consumedºª with fire?º 4 Then the kingº saidºª unto me, For² what²² dost thou² make request?ºª So I prayedºª to² the Godº of heaven.º 5 And I saidºª unto the king,º If² it pleaseºª² the king,º and if² thy servantº have found favourºª in thy sight,º that² thou wouldest sendºª me unto² Judah,º unto² the cityº of my fathers'º sepulchres,º that I may buildºª it. 6 And the kingº saidºª unto me, (the queenº also sittingºª by² him,)¹ For² how long² shall thy journeyº be?² and when² wilt thou return?ºª So it pleasedººª the kingº to sendºª me; and I setºª him a time.º 7 Moreover I saidºª unto the king,º If² it pleaseºª² the king,º let lettersº be givenºª me to² the governorsº beyondº the river,º that² they may convey me overºª till²² I comeºª into² Judah;º 8 And a letterº unto² Asaphº the keeperºª of the king'sº forest,º that² he may giveºª me timberº to make beamsºª for² the gatesº of the palaceº which² [appertained] to the house,º and for the wallº of the city,º and for the houseº that² I shall enter² into.¹ª² And the kingº grantedºª me, according to the goodº handº of my Godº upon² me.
 Gn 40:11, 21; Ezr 7:1, 7; Ne 1:1, 11; Es 3:7.
 Gn 40:7; Pv 15:13.
 1K 1:31; 2Ch 21:20; 28:27; 32:33; Ne 1:3; Ps 102:14; 137:6; Lm 2:9; Dn 2:4; 3:9; 5:10; 6:6, 21.
 2S 15:31; 1K 3:5; Ne 1:4, 11; Es 5:3, 6; 7:2; Pv 3:6; Mk 10:51; Php 4:6.
 Ru 2:13; 2S 14:22; Ezr 5:17; Es 1:19; 5:8; 7:3; 8:5; Pv 3:4.
 Ne 1:11; 2:4; 5:14; 13:6; Is 58:12; 61:4; 65:24.
 Ezr 6:6; 7:21; 8:22; Ne 2:9.
 Gn 32:28; Ezr 5:5; 6:22; 7:6, 9, 27; Ne 2:17, 18; 3:1, 7; 7:2; Pv 21:1; Is 66:14; Dn 1:9; Ac 7:10; 26:22; 2Co 8:16.
Nehemiah, to the grief of the enemies, cometh to Jerusalem.
9 ¶ Then I cameºª to² the governorsº beyondº the river,º and gaveºª them² the king'sº letters.º Now the kingº had sentºª captainsº of the armyº and horsemenº with² me. 10 When Sanballatº the Horonite,º and Tobiahº the servant,º the Ammonite,º heardºª [of it], it grieved¹ª² them exceedinglyºº that² there was comeºª a manº to seekºª the welfareº of the childrenº of Israel.º 11 So I cameºª to² Jerusalem,º and was² there² threeº days.º
 Ezr 8:22; Ne 2:7.
 Nu 22:3; Ezr 4:4; Ne 2:19; 4:1, 7; 6:1; 13:1; Ps 112:10; 122:6; Pv 27:4; 30:22; Ec 10:7; Is 15:5; Jr 48:5, 34; Ezk 25:6; Mi 7:9, 16; Ac 4:2; 5:24; 19:26.
 Ezr 8:32.
He vieweth secretly the ruins of the walls.
12 ¶ And I aroseºª in the night,º I² and some¹ fewº men¹² with² me; neither² toldºª I [any] manº what² my Godº had putºª in² my heartº to doºª at Jerusalem:º neither² [was there any] beastº with² me, save²² the beastº that² I² rode² upon.¹ª 13 And I went outºª by nightº by the gateº of the valley,º even beforeº² the dragonº well,ºª¹ and to² the dungº port,º and viewedºªª¹ª² the wallsº of Jerusalem,º which² were broken down,ºª and the gatesº thereof were consumedºª with fire.º 14 Then I went onºª to² the gateº of the fountain,º and to² the king'sº pool:º but [there was] no² placeº for the beastº [that was] under² me to pass.ºª 15 Then went I upºª² in the nightº by the brook,º and viewedºªª¹ª² the wall,º and turned back,ºª and enteredºª by the gateº of the valley,º and [so] returned.ºª 16 And the rulersº knewºª not² whither² I went,ºª or what² I² did;ºª neither² had I as² yetº toldºª [it] to the Jews,º nor to the priests,º nor to the nobles,º nor to the rulers,º nor to the restº that didºª the work.º
 Gn 32:22; Jsh 10:9; Jg 6:27; 9:32; Ezr 7:27; Ps 51:18; 122:6; Ec 3:7; Jr 31:33; 32:40; Am 5:13; Mi 7:5; Mt 2:14; 10:16; 2Co 8:16; Jm 1:16; Rv 17:17.
 2Ch 26:9; Ne 1:3; 2:3, 15, 17; 3:13; 12:31; Jr 5:10.
 2K 18:17; 20:20; 2Ch 32:30; Ne 3:15.
 2S 15:23; Ne 2:13; Jr 31:38; Jn 18:1.
 Ne 2:12.
He inciteth the Jews to build in despite of the enemies.
17 ¶ Then saidºª I unto² them, Ye² seeºª the distressº that² we² [are] in, how² Jerusalemº [lieth] waste,º and the gatesº thereof are burnedºª with fire:º come,¹ª² and let us build upºª² the wallº of Jerusalem,º that we be² no² more² a reproach.º 18 Then I toldºª them of² the handº of my Godº which²² was goodº upon² me; as also² the king'sº wordsº that² he had spokenºª unto me. And they said,ºª Let us rise upºª and build.ºª So they strengthenedºª their handsº for [this] goodº [work]. 19 But when Sanballatº the Horonite,º and Tobiahº the servant,º the Ammonite,º and Geshemº the Arabian,º heardºª [it], they laughed us to scorn,ºª and despisedºª² us, and said,ºª What² [is] this² thingº that² ye² do?ºª will ye² rebelºª against² the king?º 20 Then answeredººª I them, and saidºª unto them, The Godº of heaven,º he² will prosperºª us; therefore we² his servantsº will ariseºª and build:ºª but ye have no² portion,º nor right,º nor memorial,º in Jerusalem.º
 1S 11:2; Ezr 5:1; 10:2; Ne 1:3; Ps 44:13; 79:4, 12; 89:50; Is 35:3; Jr 24:9; Lm 2:2, 8; 3:45, 51; Ezk 5:14; 22:4.
 2S 2:7; 1Ch 11:10; 19:13; 2Ch 32:5; Ezr 6:22; Ne 2:8; Hg 1:13; Ep 6:10; Php 2:13.
 Ezr 4:15; Ne 2:10; 6:1, 6, 9; Jb 30:1; Ps 44:13; 79:4; 80:6; Jr 20:8; Mk 5:40; Lk 23:2; Jn 19:12; Ac 24:5; He 11:36.
 Ex 28:29; Lv 2:2; 24:7; Nu 10:10; 2Ch 26:5; Ezr 4:3; Ne 2:4; Es 4:11; Ps 20:5; 35:27; 51:18; 102:13; 122:6; Ec 7:18; Is 56:5; Zc 6:14; Ac 8:21; 10:4, 31.
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