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Nehemiah 2:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What is this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard [it], they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What [is] this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official, and Geshem the Arab heard [it], they mocked us and despised us and said, “What is this thing you are doing? Are you rebelling against the king?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard [it], they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What [is] this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobijah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it; and they mocked us and despised us, and said, What is this thing which ye do? will ye rebel against the king?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they laughed at us, and poured contempt upon us,—and said, What is this thing which ye would do? against the king, would ye rebel?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Sanballat the Horonite heareth, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, and they mock at us, and despise us, and say, 'What [is] this thing that ye are doing? against the king are ye rebelling?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Sanaballat the Horonite, and Tobias the servant, the Ammonite, and Gossem the Arabian heard of it, and they scoffed at us, and despised us, and said: What is this thing that you do? are you going to rebel against the king?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the seruant the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian heard it, they laughed vs to scorne, and despised vs, and said, What is this thing that yee doe? will ye rebell against the king?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Sanballat{gr.Sanaballat} the Aronite, and Tobiah{gr.Tobia} the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem{gr.Gesam} the Arabian, heard [it], and they laughed us to scorn, and came to us, and said, What [is] this thing that ye are doing? are ye revolting against the king?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But when Sanvallat the Choroni, and Toviyyah the servant, the Ammoni, and Geshem the Aravi, heard [it], they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What [is] this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But when Sanvalla+ סַנבַלַּט 5571
{5571} Prime
סַנְבַלַּט
Canballat
{san-bal-lat'}
Of foreign origin; Sanballat, a Persian satrap of Samaria.
the rn חֹרֹנִי, 2772
{2772} Prime
חֹרֹנִי
Choroniy
{kho-ro-nee'}
Patrial from H2773; a Choronite or inhabitant of Choronaim.
and viyy טוֹבִיָּה 2900
{2900} Prime
טוֹבִיָּה
Towbiyah
{to-bee-yaw'}
From H2896 and H3050; goodness of Jehovah; Tobijah, the name of three Israelites and of one Samaritan.
the servant, 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
the `Ammn עַמּוֹנִי, 5984
{5984} Prime
עַמּוֹנִי
`Ammowniy
{am-mo-nee'}
Patronymic from H5983; an Ammonite or (adjectively) Ammonitish.
and Geem גֶּשֶׁם 1654
{1654} Prime
גֶּשֶׁם
Geshem
{gheh'-shem}
The same as H1653; Geshem or Gashmu, an Arabian.
the `rv עֲרָבִי, 6163
{6163} Prime
עֲרָבִי
`Arabiy
{ar-aw-bee'}
Patrial from H6152; an Arabian or inhabitant of Arab (that is, Arabia).
heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[it], they laughed us to scorn, 3932
{3932} Prime
לָעַג
la`ag
{law-ag'}
A primitive root; to deride; by implication (as if imitating a foreigner) to speak unintelligibly.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
and despised 959
{0959} Prime
בָּזָה
bazah
{baw-zaw'}
A primitive root; to disesteem.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
us, and said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
What x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
[is] this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
thing 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
do? 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
will ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
rebel 4775
{4775} Prime
מָרַד
marad
{maw-rad'}
A primitive root; to rebel.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the king? 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 2:9-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Nehemiah 2:19

But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and (h) Geshem the Arabian, heard [it], they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What [is] this thing that ye do? will ye (i) rebel against the king?

(h) These were three chief governors under the king of Persia beyond the Euphrates.

(i) Thus the wicked when they will burden the children of God, always lay treason to their charge both because it makes them most odious to the world, and also stirs the hatred of princes against them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Sanballat:

Nehemiah 2:10 When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard [of it], it grieved them exceedingly that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.
Nehemiah 6:1-2 Now it came to pass, when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and Geshem the Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had builded the wall, and [that] there was no breach left therein; (though at that time I had not set up the doors upon the gates;) ... That Sanballat and Geshem sent unto me, saying, Come, let us meet together in [some one of] the villages in the plain of Ono. But they thought to do me mischief.

Geshem:

Nehemiah 6:9 For they all made us afraid, saying, Their hands shall be weakened from the work, that it be not done. Now therefore, [O God], strengthen my hands.
, Gashmu

they:

Job 30:1 But now [they that are] younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.
Psalms 44:13-14 Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us. ... Thou makest us a byword among the heathen, a shaking of the head among the people.
Psalms 79:4 We are become a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
Psalms 80:6 Thou makest us a strife unto our neighbours: and our enemies laugh among themselves.
Jeremiah 20:8 For since I spake, I cried out, I cried violence and spoil; because the word of the LORD was made a reproach unto me, and a derision, daily.
Mark 5:40 And they laughed him to scorn. But when he had put them all out, he taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
Hebrews 11:36 And others had trial of [cruel] mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment:

will ye rebel:

Nehemiah 6:6 Wherein [was] written, It is reported among the heathen, and Gashmu saith [it, that] thou and the Jews think to rebel: for which cause thou buildest the wall, that thou mayest be their king, according to these words.
Ezra 4:15-16 That search may be made in the book of the records of thy fathers: so shalt thou find in the book of the records, and know that this city [is] a rebellious city, and hurtful unto kings and provinces, and that they have moved sedition within the same of old time: for which cause was this city destroyed. ... We certify the king that, if this city be builded [again], and the walls thereof set up, by this means thou shalt have no portion on this side the river.
Luke 23:2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this [fellow] perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.
John 19:12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.
Acts 24:5 For we have found this man [a] pestilent [fellow], and a mover of sedition among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ezr 4:15. Ne 2:10; 6:1, 6, 9. Jb 30:1. Ps 44:13; 79:4; 80:6. Jr 20:8. Mk 5:40. Lk 23:2. Jn 19:12. Ac 24:5. He 11:36.

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