Parallel Bible VersionsNASB/KJV Study BibleHebrew Bible Study Tools

Nahum 1:1

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— The oracle of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The oracle, on Nineveh,—the scroll of the vision of Nahum, the Elkoshite.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Burden of Nineveh. The Book of the Vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The burden of Ninive. The book of the vision of Nahum, the Elcesite.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— The burden of Nineueh. The booke of the vision of Nahum the Elkeshite.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The burden of Nineueh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— THE wound of Nineveh, which is in the book of the visions of Nahum the Alkoshite.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The burden of Nineveh{gr.Nineve}: the book of the vision of Naum the Elkesite.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The burden of Ninweh. The book of the vision of Nachum the Elqoshi.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The burden 4853
{4853} Prime
From H5375; a burden; specifically tribute, or (abstractly) porterage; figuratively an utterance, chiefly a doom, especially singing; mental, desire.
of Nînwì נִינוֵה. 5210
{5210} Prime
Of foreign origin; Nineveh, the capital of Assyria.
The book 5612
{5612} Prime
From H5608; properly writing (the art or a document); by implication a book.
of the vision 2377
{2377} Prime
From H2372; a sight (mentally), that is, a dream, revelation, or oracle.
of Naçûm נַחוּם 5151
{5151} Prime
From H5162; comfortable; Nachum, an Israelitish prophet.
the ´Elköšî אֶלקֹשִׁי. 512
{0512} Prime
Patrial from a name of uncertain derivation; an Elkoshite or native of Elkosh.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nahum 1:1

_ _ Nahum 1:1-15. Jehovah’s attributes as a jealous judge of sin, yet merciful to his trusting people, should inspire them with confidence. He will not allow the Assyrians again to assail them, but will destroy the foe.

_ _ burden of Nineveh — the prophetic doom of Nineveh. Nahum prophesied against that city a hundred fifty years after Jonah.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Nahum 1:1

_ _ This title directs us to consider, 1. The great city against which the word of the Lord is here delivered; it is the burden of Nineveh, not only a prophecy, and a weighty one, but a burdensome prophecy, a dead weight to Nineveh, a mill-stone hanged about its neck. Nineveh was the place concerned, and the Assyrian monarchy, which that was the royal seat of. About 100 years before this Jonah had, in God's name, foretold the speedy overthrow of this great city; but then the Ninevites repented and were spared, and that decree did not bring forth. The Ninevites then saw clearly how much it was to their advantage to turn from their evil way; it was the saving of their city; and yet, soon after, they returned to it again; it became worse than ever, a bloody city, and full of lies and robbery. They repented of their repentance, returned with the dog to his vomit, and at length grew worse than ever they had been. Then God sent them not this prophet, as Jonah, but this prophecy, to read them their doom, which was now irreversible. Note, The reprieve will not be continued if the repentance be not continued in. If men turn from the good they began to do, they can expect no other than that God should turn from the favour he began to show, Jeremiah 18:10. 2. The poor prophet by whom the word of the Lord is here delivered: It is the book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite. The burden of Nineveh was what the prophet plainly foresaw, for it was his vision, and what he left upon record (it is the book of the vision), that, when he was gone, the event might be compared with the prediction and might confirm it. All the account we have of the prophet himself is that he was an Elkoshite, of the town called Elkes, or Elcos, which, Jerome says, was in Galilee. Some observe that the scripture ordinarily says little of the prophets themselves, that our faith might not stand upon their authority, but upon that of the blessed Spirit by whom their prophecies were indited.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nahum 1:1

The burden — When the prophets were sent to denounce judgments against a nation or city, the word was usually called the burden of that nation or city. The vision — As prophets were of old called seers, 1 Samuel 9:9, so their prophesies were called visions. Nahum — His name speaks a comforter, but it is God's people to whom he gives notice of the destruction of their oppressors.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Nahum 1:1

The (a) burden of Nineveh. (b) The book of the vision of Nahum the (c) Elkoshite.

The Argument — As those of Nineveh showed themselves prompt and ready to receive the word of God at Jonah's preaching, and so turned to the Lord by repentance, so after a certain time they gave themselves to worldly means to increase their dominion, rather than seeking to continue in that fear of God, and path in which they had begun. They cast off the care of religion, and so returned to their vomit and provoked God's just judgment against them, in afflicting his people. Therefore their city Nineveh was destroyed, and Meroch-baladan, king of Babel (or as some think, Nebuchadnezzar) enjoyed the empire of the Assyrians. But because God has a continual care for his Church, he stirs up his Prophet to comfort the godly, showing that the destruction of their enemies would be for their consolation: and as it seems, he prophesies around the time of Hezekiah, and not in the time of Manasseh his son, as the Jews write.

(a) See Isaiah 13:1

(b) The vision or revelation, which God commanded Nahum to write concerning the Ninevites.

(c) That is, born in a poor village in the tribe of Simeon.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 13:1 The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see.
Isaiah 14:28 In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden.
Isaiah 15:1 The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, [and] brought to silence; because in the night Kir of Moab is laid waste, [and] brought to silence;
Isaiah 21:1 The burden of the desert of the sea. As whirlwinds in the south pass through; [so] it cometh from the desert, from a terrible land.
Isaiah 22:1 The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?
Isaiah 23:1 The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them.
Jeremiah 23:33-37 And when this people, or the prophet, or a priest, shall ask thee, saying, What [is] the burden of the LORD? thou shalt then say unto them, What burden? I will even forsake you, saith the LORD. ... Thus shalt thou say to the prophet, What hath the LORD answered thee? and, What hath the LORD spoken?
Zechariah 9:1 The burden of the word of the LORD in the land of Hadrach, and Damascus [shall be] the rest thereof: when the eyes of man, as of all the tribes of Israel, [shall be] toward the LORD.


Genesis 10:11 Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
Jonah 3:3-4 So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. ... And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown.
Zephaniah 2:13 And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria; and will make Nineveh a desolation, [and] dry like a wilderness.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes

Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Gn 10:11. Is 13:1; 14:28; 15:1; 21:1; 22:1; 23:1. Jr 23:33. Jna 3:3. Zp 2:13. Zc 9:1.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereExpand User Bible CommentaryComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Recent Chat Bible Comments