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Exodus 12:37

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, beside children.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, besides children.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, besides children.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, besides children.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then did the sons of Israel break up from Rameses, towards Succoth,—about six hundred thousand foot, of men grown, besides little ones.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the sons of Israel journey from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, apart from infants;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the children of Israel set forward from Ramesse to Socoth, being about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— Then the children of Israel tooke their iourney from Rameses to Succoth about sixe hundreth thousand men of foote, beside children.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the children of Israel iourneyed from Rameses to Succoth, about sixe hundred thousand on foote [that were] men, beside children.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides the little ones.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the children Israel departed from Rameses{gr.Ramesses} to Succoth{gr.Socchoth}, to [the full number of] six hundred thousand footmen, even men, besides the baggage.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the children of Yisrael journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, beside children.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the children 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yiŝrä´ël יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
journeyed 5265
{5265} Prime
A primitive root; properly to pull up, especially the tent pins, that is, start on a journey.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from Ra`mæsës רַעמְסֵס 7486
{7486} Prime
Of Egypt origin; Rameses or Raamses, a place in Egypt.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
to Succôŧ סֻכּוֹת, 5523
{5523} Prime
Plural of H5521; booths; Succoth, the name of a place in Egypt and of three in Palestine.
about six 8337
{8337} Prime
(The second form is masculine); a primitive number; six (as an overplus (see H7797) beyond five or the fingers of the hand); as ordinal sixth.
hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
thousand 505
{0505} Prime
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
on foot 7273
{7273} Prime
From H7272; a foot man (soldier).
[that were] men, 1397
{1397} Prime
From H1396; properly a valiant man or warrior; generally a person simply.
beside 905
{0905} Prime
From H0909; properly separation; by implication a part of the body, branch of a tree, bar for carrying; figuratively chief of a city; especially (with prepositional prefix) as adverb, apart, only, besides.
children. 2945
{2945} Prime
From H2952 (perhaps referring to the tripping gait of children); a family (mostly used collectively in the singular).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 12:37

_ _ The children of Israel journeyed from Rameses — now generally identified with the ancient Heroopolis, and fixed at the modern Abu-Keisheid. This position agrees with the statement that the scene of the miraculous judgments against Pharaoh was “in the field of Zoan” [Psalms 78:12, Psalms 78:43]. And it is probable that, in expectation of their departure, which the king on one pretext or another delayed, the Israelites had been assembled there as a general rendezvous. In journeying from Rameses to Palestine, there was a choice of two routes — the one along the shores of the Mediterranean to El-Arish, the other more circuitous round the head of the Red Sea and the desert of Sinai. The latter Moses was directed to take (Exodus 13:17).

_ _ to Succoth — that is, booths, probably nothing more than a place of temporary encampment. The Hebrew word signifies a covering or shelter formed by the boughs of trees; and hence, in memory of this lodgment, the Israelites kept the feast of tabernacles yearly in this manner.

_ _ six hundred thousand ... men — It appears from Numbers 1:3 that the enumeration is of men above twenty years of age. Assuming, what is now ascertained by statistical tables, that the number of males above that age is as nearly as possible the half of the total number of males, the whole male population of Israel, on this computation, would amount to 1,200,000; and adding an equal number for women and children, the aggregate number of Israelites who left Egypt would be 2,400,000.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus 12:37-42

_ _ Here is the departure of the children of Israel out of Egypt; having obtained their dismission, they set forward without delay, and did not defer to a more convenient season. Pharaoh was now in a good mind; but they had reason to think he would not long continue so, and therefore it was no time to linger. We have here an account, 1. Of their number, about 600,000 men (Exodus 12:37), besides women and children, which I think, we cannot suppose to make less than 1,200,000 more. What a vast increase was this, to arise from seventy souls in little more than 200 years' time! See the power and efficacy of that blessing, when God commands it, Be fruitful and multiply. This was typical of the multitudes that were brought into the gospel church when it was first founded; so mightily grew the word of God, and prevailed. 2. Of their retinue (Exodus 12:38): A mixed multitude went up with them, hangers on to that great family, some perhaps willing to leave their country, because it was laid waste by the plagues, and to seek their fortune, as we say, with the Israelites; others went out of curiosity, to see the solemnities of Israel's sacrifice to their God, which had been so much talked of, and expecting to see some glorious appearances of their God to them in the wilderness, having seen such glorious appearances of their God for them in the field of Zoan, Psalms 78:12. Probably the greatest part of this mixed multitude were but a rude unthinking mob, that followed the crowd they knew not why; we afterwards find that they proved a snare to them (Numbers 11:4), and it is probable that when, soon afterwards, they understood that the children of Israel were to continue forty years in the wilderness, they quitted them, and returned to Egypt. Note, There were always those among the Israelites that were not Israelites, and there are still hypocrites in the church, who make a deal of mischief, but will be shaken off at last. 3. Of their effects. They had with them flocks and herds, even very much cattle. This is taken notice of because it was long before Pharaoh would give them leave to remove their effects, which were chiefly cattle, Genesis 46:32. 4. Of the provision made for the camp, which was very poor and slender. They brought some dough with them out of Egypt in their knapsacks, Exodus 12:34. They had prepared to bake, the next day, in order to their removal, understanding it was very near; but, being hastened away sooner than they thought of, by some hours, they took the dough as it was, unleavened; when they came to Succoth, their first stage, they baked unleavened cakes, and, though these were of course insipid, yet the liberty they were brought into made this the most joyful meal they had ever eaten in their lives. Note, The servants of God must not be slaves to their appetites, nor solicitous to wind up all the delights of sense to their highest pitch. We should be willing to take up with dry bread, nay, with unleavened bread, rather than neglect or delay any service we have to do for God, as those whose meat and drink it is to do his will. 5. Of the date of this great event: it was just 430 years from the promise made to Abraham (as the apostle explains it, Galatians 3:17) at his first coming into Canaan, during all which time the children of Israel, that is, the Hebrews, the distinguished chosen seed, were sojourners in a land that was not theirs, either Canaan or Egypt. So long the promise God made to Abraham of a settlement lay dormant and unfulfilled, but now, at length, it revived, and things began to work towards the accomplishment of it. The first day of the march of Abraham's seed towards Canaan was just 430 years (it should seem to a day) from the promise made to Abraham, Genesis 12:2, I will make of thee a great nation. See how punctual God is to his time; though his promises be not performed quickly, they will be accomplished in their season. 6. Of the memorableness of it: It is a night to be much observed, Exodus 12:42. (1.) The providences of that first night were very observable; memorable was the destruction of the Egyptians, and the deliverance of the Israelites by it; God herein made himself taken notice of. (2.) The ordinances of that night, in the annual return of it, were to be carefully observed: This is that night of the Lord, that remarkable night, to be celebrated in all generations. Note, The great things God does for his people are not to be a nine days' wonder, as we say, but the remembrance of them is to be perpetuated throughout all ages, especially the work of our redemption by Christ. This first passover-night was a night of the Lord much to be observed; but the last passover-night, in which Christ was betrayed (and in which the passover, with the rest of the ceremonial institutions, was superseded and abolished), was a night of the Lord much more to be observed, when a yoke heavier than that of Egypt was broken from off our necks, and a land better than that of Canaan set before us. That was a temporal deliverance to be celebrated in their generation; this is an eternal redemption to be celebrated in the praises of glorious saints, world without end.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 12:37

About six hundred thousand men — The word means strong and able men fit for wars, beside women and children, which we cannot suppose to make less than twelve hundred thousand more. What a vast increase was this to arise from seventy souls, in little more than two hundred years.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 12:37

And the children of Israel journeyed from (q) Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, beside children.

(q) Which was a city in Goshen; (Genesis 47:11).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the children:

Numbers 33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.
Numbers 33:5 And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.


Exodus 1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Genesis 47:11 And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.

six hundred:

Exodus 38:26 A bekah for every man, [that is], half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty [men].
Genesis 12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:
Genesis 15:5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.
Genesis 46:3 And he said, I [am] God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation:
Numbers 1:46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.
Numbers 11:21 And Moses said, The people, among whom I [am], [are] six hundred thousand footmen; and thou hast said, I will give them flesh, that they may eat a whole month.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Gn 12:2; 15:5; 46:3; 47:11. Ex 1:11; 38:26. Nu 1:46; 11:21; 33:3, 5.

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