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Proverbs 20:17

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— Bread obtained by falsehood is sweet to a man, But afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Bread of deceit [is] sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— Bread of falsehood is sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Bread of falsehood is sweet to a man; But afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Bread of deceit [is] sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Bread of falsehood is sweet to a man, but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Sweet to a man, may be the bread of falsehood, but, afterward, shall his mouth be filled with gravel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sweet to a man [is] the bread of falsehood, And afterwards is his mouth filled [with] gravel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The bread of lying is sweet to a man: but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— The bread of deceit is sweete to a man: but afterward his mouth shalbe filled with grauel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Bread of deceit is sweet to a man: but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with grauell.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— He who becomes surety for a man by means of deceitful gain will afterwards have his mouth filled with gravel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Bread of deceit [is] sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Bread 3899
{3899} Prime
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
of deceit 8267
{8267} Prime
From H8266; an untruth; by implication a sham (often adverbially).
[is] sweet 6156
{6156} Prime
From H6149; pleasant.
to a man; 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
but afterwards 310
{0310} Prime
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
his mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
shall be filled 4390
{4390} Prime
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
with gravel. 2687
{2687} Prime
From H2686; properly something cutting; hence gravel (as grit); also (like H2671) an arrow.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:17

_ _ Bread ... sweet — either as unlawfully (Proverbs 9:17) or easily obtained.

_ _ mouth ... gravel — well expresses the pain and grief given at last.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:17

_ _ Note, 1. Sin may possibly be pleasant in the commission: Bread of deceit, wealth gotten by fraud, by lying and oppression, may be sweet to a man, and the more sweet for its being ill-gotten, such pleasure does the carnal mind take in the success of its wicked projects. All the pleasures and profits of sin are bread of deceit. They are stolen, for they are forbidden fruit; and they will deceive men, for they are not what they promise. For a time, however, they are rolled under the tongue as a sweet morsel, and the sinner blesses himself in them. But, 2. It will be bitter in reflection. Afterwards the sinner's mouth shall be filled with gravel. When his conscience is awakened, when he sees himself cheated, and becomes apprehensive of the wrath of God against him for his sin, how painful and uneasy then is the thought of it! The pleasures of sin are but for a season, and are succeeded with sorrow. Some nations have punished malefactors by mingling gravel with their bread.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Heb. lying, or falsehood,
Proverbs 4:17 For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

is sweet:

Proverbs 9:17-18 Stolen waters are sweet, and bread [eaten] in secret is pleasant. ... But he knoweth not that the dead [are] there; [and that] her guests [are] in the depths of hell.
Genesis 3:6-7 And when the woman saw that the tree [was] good for food, and that it [was] pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make [one] wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. ... And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they [were] naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
Job 20:12-20 Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, [though] he hide it under his tongue; ... Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save of that which he desired.
Ecclesiastes 11:9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these [things] God will bring thee into judgment.
Hebrews 11:25 Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season;


Lamentations 3:15-16 He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath made me drunken with wormwood. ... He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Gn 3:6. Jb 20:12. Pv 4:17; 9:17. Ec 11:9. Lm 3:15. He 11:25.

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