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Proverbs 17:21

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— He who sires a fool [does so] to his sorrow, And the father of a fool has no joy.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— He that begetteth a fool [doeth it] to his sorrow: and the father of a fool hath no joy.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— He that begetteth a fool [doeth it] to his sorrow: and the father of a fool hath no joy.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that begetteth a fool [doeth it] to his sorrow; And the father of a fool hath no joy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that begetteth a fool [doeth it] to his sorrow: and the father of a fool hath no joy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that begetteth a fool [doeth it] to his sorrow, and the father of a vile [man] hath no joy.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that begetteth a dullard, it is to his own grief, neither can the father of the base, rejoice.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whoso is begetting a fool hath affliction for it, Yea, the father of a fool rejoiceth not.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A fool is born to his own disgrace: and even his father shall not rejoice in a fool.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— He that begetteth a foole, getteth himselfe sorow, and the father of a foole can haue no ioy.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He that begetteth a foole, [doth it] to his sorrow: and the father of a foole hath no ioy.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— He who begets a fool does it to his own shame; his father will have no joy in him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and the heart of a fool is grief to its possessor. A father rejoices not over an uninstructed son; but a wise son gladdens his mother.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that begetteth a fool [doeth it] to his sorrow: and the father of a fool hath no joy.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that begetteth 3205
{3205} Prime
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
a fool 3684
{3684} Prime
From H3688; properly fat, that is, (figuratively) stupid or silly.
[doeth it] to his sorrow: 8424
{8424} Prime
From H3013; depression (of spirits); concretely a grief.
and the father 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of a fool 5036
{5036} Prime
From H5034; stupid; wicked (especially impious).
hath no x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
joy. 8055
{8055} Prime
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 17:21

_ _ (Compare Proverbs 23:24). Different words are rendered by “fool,” both denoting stupidity and impiety.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 17:21

_ _ This expresses that very emphatically which many wise and good men feel very sensibly, what a grievous vexatious thing it is to have a foolish wicked child. See here, 1. How uncertain all our creature-comforts are, so that we are often not only disappointed in them, but that proves the greatest cross in which we promised ourselves most satisfaction. There was joy when a man-child was born into the world, and yet, if he prove vicious, his own father will wish he had never been born. The name of Absalom signifies his father's peace, but he was his greatest trouble. It should moderate the desire of having children, and the delights of their parents in them, that they may prove a grief to them; yet it should silence the murmurings of the afflicted father in that case that if his son be a fool he is a fool of his own begetting, and therefore he must make the best of him, and take it up as his cross, the rather because Adam begets a son in his own likeness. 2. How unwise we are in suffering one affliction (and that of an untoward child as likely as any other) to drown the sense of a thousand mercies: The father of a fool lays that so much to heart that he has no joy of any thing else. For this he may thank himself; there are joys sufficient to counterbalance even that sorrow.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 17:25 A foolish son [is] a grief to his father, and bitterness to her that bare him.
Proverbs 10:1 The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son [is] the heaviness of his mother.
Proverbs 15:20 A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish man despiseth his mother.
Proverbs 19:13 A foolish son [is] the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife [are] a continual dropping.
Genesis 26:34 And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite:
1 Samuel 2:32-35 And thou shalt see an enemy [in my] habitation, in all [the wealth] which [God] shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever. ... And I will raise me up a faithful priest, [that] shall do according to [that] which [is] in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever.
1 Samuel 8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
2 Samuel 18:33 And the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!


Proverbs 23:15-16 My son, if thine heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even mine. ... Yea, my reins shall rejoice, when thy lips speak right things.
2 Corinthians 2:3 And I wrote this same unto you, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is [the joy] of you all.
Philemon 1:19-20 I Paul have written [it] with mine own hand, I will repay [it]: albeit I do not say to thee how thou owest unto me even thine own self besides. ... Yea, brother, let me have joy of thee in the Lord: refresh my bowels in the Lord.
3 John 1:4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Gn 26:34. 1S 2:32; 8:3. 2S 18:33. Pv 10:1; 15:20; 17:25; 19:13; 23:15. 2Co 2:3. Phm 1:19. 3Jn 1:4.

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