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Isaiah 5:17

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— Then the lambs will graze as in their pasture, And strangers will eat in the waste places of the wealthy.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— Then shall the lambs feed as in their pasture, and the waste places of the fat ones shall wanderers eat.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then shall the lambs feed as in their pasture, and the waste places of the fat ones shall wanderers eat.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the lambs shall feed as on their pasture, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then shall the young rams feed, where they please,—And, the wastes of the wealthy, shall strangers consume.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And fed have lambs according to their leading, And waste places of the fat ones Do sojourners consume.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the lambs shall feed according to their order, and strangers shall eat the deserts turned into fruitfulness.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— Then shall the lambes feede after their maner, and the strangers shall eate the desolate places of the fat.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then shall the lambes feed after their maner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eate.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— Then shall the lambs feed there in their usual fashion, and the waste places that shall be rebuilt shall be the property of the rightful owners.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they that were spoiled shall be fed as bulls, and lambs shall feed on the waste places of them that are taken away.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then shall the lambs 3532
{3532} Prime
From an unused root meaning to dominate; a ram (just old enough to butt).
feed 7462
{7462} Prime
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
after their manner, 1699
{1699} Prime
The first form is from H1696 (in its original sense); a pasture (from its arrangement of the flock); translated fold or manner. The second form is for H1697; translated word.
and the waste places 2723
{2723} Prime
Feminine of H2721; properly drought, that is, (by implication) a desolation.
of the fat ones 4220
{4220} Prime
From H4229 in the sense of greasing; fat; figuratively rich.
shall strangers 1481
{1481} Prime
A primitive root; properly to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), that is, sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
eat. 398
{0398} Prime
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 5:17

_ _ after their manner — literally, “according to their own word,” that is, at will. Otherwise, as in their own pasture [Gesenius]: so the Hebrew in Micah 2:12. The lands of the Scenite tent dwellers (Jeremiah 35:7). Arab shepherds in the neighborhood shall roam at large, the whole of Judea being so desolate as to become a vast pasturage.

_ _ waste ... fat ones — the deserted lands of the rich (“fat,” Psalms 22:29), then gone into captivity; “strangers,” that is, nomad tribes shall make their flocks to feed on [Maurer]. Figuratively, “the lambs” are the pious, “the fat ones” the impious. So tender disciples of Jesus Christ (John 21:15) are called “lambs”; being meek, harmless, poor, and persecuted. Compare Ezekiel 39:18, where the fatlings are the rich and great (1 Corinthians 1:26, 1 Corinthians 1:27). The “strangers” are in this view the “other sheep not of the” the Jewish “fold” (John 10:16), the Gentiles whom Jesus Christ shall “bring” to be partakers of the rich privileges (Romans 11:17) which the Jews (“fat ones,” Ezekiel 34:16) fell from. Thus “after their (own) manner” will express that the Christian Church should worship God in freedom, released from legal bondage (John 4:23; Galatians 5:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 5:8-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 5:17

Then — When God shall have finished that work of judgment. The lambs — The poor and harmless people, who shall be left in the land when the rich are carried into captivity. Manner — Or, by their fold, as this word is manifestly used, Micah 2:12, the only place of scripture, except this, in which this word is found. Waste places — The lands left by their owners. Fat ones — Of the rich and great men. Strangers — The poor Israelites, who were left to be vine — dressers and husbandmen, 2 Kings 25:12, who are called strangers, because they were so, in reference to that hand, not being the proper owners of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 5:17

Then shall (x) the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

(x) God comforts the poor lambs of his Church, who had been strangers in other countries, promising that they would dwell in these places again, of which they had been deprived by the fat and cruel tyrants.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall the lambs:

Isaiah 7:21-22 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep; ... And it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk [that] they shall give he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land.
Isaiah 7:25 And [on] all hills that shall be digged with the mattock, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle.
Isaiah 17:2 The cities of Aroer [are] forsaken: they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make [them] afraid.
Isaiah 32:14 Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left; the forts and towers shall be for dens for ever, a joy of wild asses, a pasture of flocks;
Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.
Isaiah 65:10 And Sharon shall be a fold of flocks, and the valley of Achor a place for the herds to lie down in, for my people that have sought me.
Zephaniah 2:6 And the sea coast shall be dwellings [and] cottages for shepherds, and folds for flocks.
Zephaniah 2:14 And flocks shall lie down in the midst of her, all the beasts of the nations: both the cormorant and the bittern shall lodge in the upper lintels of it; [their] voice shall sing in the windows; desolation [shall be] in the thresholds: for he shall uncover the cedar work.

the waste:

Isaiah 10:16 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire.
Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Psalms 17:10 They are inclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly.
Psalms 17:14 From men [which are] thy hand, O LORD, from men of the world, [which have] their portion in [this] life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid [treasure]: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their [substance] to their babes.
Psalms 73:7 Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.
Psalms 119:70 Their heart is as fat as grease; [but] I delight in thy law.
Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.
Amos 4:1-3 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink. ... And ye shall go out at the breaches, every [cow at that which is] before her; and ye shall cast [them] into the palace, saith the LORD.


Isaiah 1:7 Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by strangers.
Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway:
Nehemiah 9:37 And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we [are] in great distress.
Lamentations 5:2 Our inheritance is turned to strangers, our houses to aliens.
Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up.
Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Dt 28:33; 32:15. Ne 9:37. Ps 17:10, 14; 73:7; 119:70. Is 1:7; 7:21, 25; 10:16; 17:2; 32:14; 40:11; 65:10. Jr 5:28. Lm 5:2. Ho 8:7. Am 4:1. Zp 2:6, 14. Lk 21:24.

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