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Job 38:28

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— “Has the rain a father? Or who has begotten the drops of dew?
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hath the rain a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of the dew?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hath the rain a father? or who begetteth the drops of dew?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hath the rain a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hath the rain a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who is the father of rain? or who begot the drops of dew?
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— Who is the father of the rayne? Or who hath begotten the droppes of the dewe?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hath the raine a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— Has the rain a father? Or who has begotten the drops of dew?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Who is the rain's father? and who has generated the drops of dew?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hath 3426
{3426} Prime
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
the rain 4306
{4306} Prime
From H4305; rain.
a father? 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
or x176
(0176) Complement
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
who x4310
(4310) Complement
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
hath begotten 3205
{3205} Prime
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the drops 96
{0096} Prime
From an unused root (meaning to flow down or together as drops); a reservoir.
of dew? 2919
{2919} Prime
From H2926; dew (as covering vegetation).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Job 38:19-38.

Job 38:28

_ _ Can any visible origin of rain and dew be assigned by man? Dew is moisture, which was suspended in the air, but becomes condensed on reaching the — in the night — lower temperature of objects on the earth.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 38:25-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 38:28

Father — Is there any man that can beget or produce rain at his pleasure?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hath the:

Job 38:8 Or [who] shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, [as if] it had issued out of the womb?
Job 5:9-10 Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number: ... Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields:
1 Samuel 12:17-18 [Is it] not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness [is] great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a king. ... So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.
Psalms 65:9-10 Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, [which] is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it. ... Thou waterest the ridges thereof abundantly: thou settlest the furrows thereof: thou makest it soft with showers: thou blessest the springing thereof.
Jeremiah 5:24 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.
Jeremiah 10:13 When he uttereth his voice, [there is] a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.
Jeremiah 14:22 Are there [any] among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? [art] not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these [things].
Joel 2:23 Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month].
Amos 4:7 And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
Matthew 5:45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.


Job 29:19 My root [was] spread out by the waters, and the dew lay all night upon my branch.
Genesis 27:28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:
Genesis 27:39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above;
Deuteronomy 33:13 And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD [be] his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath,
Deuteronomy 33:28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob [shall be] upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.
2 Samuel 1:21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, [let there be] no dew, neither [let there be] rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, [as though he had] not [been] anointed with oil.
1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, [who was] of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, [As] the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.
Proverbs 3:20 By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.
Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Gn 27:28, 39. Dt 33:13, 28. 1S 12:17. 2S 1:21. 1K 17:1. Jb 5:9; 29:19; 38:8. Ps 65:9. Pv 3:20. Jr 5:24; 10:13; 14:22. Ho 14:5. Jol 2:23. Am 4:7. Mt 5:45.

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