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Hosea 8:9

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— For they have gone up to Assyria, [Like] a wild donkey all alone; Ephraim has hired lovers.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— For they are gone up to Assyria, [like] a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For they are gone up to Assyria, [like] a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For they have gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For they are gone up [to] Assyria [as] a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, they, have gone up to Assyria, A wild ass going alone for himself, is Ephraim! They have hired lovers!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For they—they have gone up [to] Asshur, A wild ass alone by himself [is] Ephraim, They have hired lovers!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath given gifts to his lovers.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— For they are gone vp to Asshur: they are as a wilde asse alone by himselfe: Ephraim hath hired louers.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For they are gone vp to Assyria, a wilde Asse alone by himselfe; Ephraim hath hired louers.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— For they are gone up to Assyria, as a wild ass alone by himself; Ephraim has loved gifts.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For they have gone up to the Assyrians: Ephraim has been strengthened against himself; they loved gifts.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For they are gone up to Ashshur, a wild ass alone by himself: Efrayim hath hired lovers.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they x1992
(1992) Complement
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
are gone up 5927
{5927} Prime
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to ´Aššûr אַשּׁוּר, 804
{0804} Prime
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
a wild ass 6501
{6501} Prime
From H6500 in the secondary sense of running wild; the onager.
alone 909
{0909} Prime
A primitive root; to divide, that is, (reflexively) be solitary.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
by himself: ´Efrayim אֶפרַיִם 669
{0669} Prime
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
hath hired 8566
{8566} Prime
A primitive root; to present (a mercenary inducement), that is, bargain with (a harlot).
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
lovers. 158
{0158} Prime
From H0157; affection (in a good or a bad sense).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Hosea 8:9

_ _ gone ... to Assyria — referring to Menahem’s application for Pul’s aid in establishing him on the throne (compare Hosea 5:13; Hosea 7:11). Menahem’s name is read in the inscriptions in the southwest palace of Nimrod, as a tributary to the Assyrian king in his eighth year. The dynasty of Pul, or Phalluka, was supplanted at Nineveh by that of Tiglath-pileser, about 768 (or 760) b.c. Semiramis seems to have been Pul’s wife, and to have withdrawn to Babylon in 768; and her son, Nabonassar, succeeding after a period of confusion, originated “the era of Nabonassar,” 747 b.c. [G. V. Smith]. Usually foreigners coming to Israel’s land were said to “go up”; here it is the reverse, to intimate Israel’s sunken state, and Assyria’s superiority.

_ _ wild ass — a figure of Israel’s headstrong perversity in following her own bent (Jeremiah 2:24).

_ _ alone by himself — characteristic of Israel in all ages: “lo, the people shall dwell alone” (Numbers 23:9; compare Job 39:5-8).

_ _ hired lovers — reversing the ordinary way, namely, that lovers should hire her (Ezekiel 16:33, Ezekiel 16:34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Hosea 8:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Hosea 8:9

Gone up — Israel is like a wild ass. A wild ass — Stubborn, wild, untamed. Alone — Solitary, where is no path or tract; so they were in their captivity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Hosea 8:9

For they are gone up to Assyria, a (g) wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.

(g) They never cease, but run to and fro to seek help.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah [saw] his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.
Hosea 7:11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.
2 Kings 15:19 [And] Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.
Ezekiel 23:5-9 And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians [her] neighbours, ... Wherefore I have delivered her into the hand of her lovers, into the hand of the Assyrians, upon whom she doted.

a wild:

Job 39:5-8 Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass? ... The range of the mountains [is] his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.
Jeremiah 2:24 A wild ass used to the wilderness, [that] snuffeth up the wind at her pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away? all they that seek her will not weary themselves; in her month they shall find her.


Hosea 2:5-7 For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give [me] my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink. ... And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find [them]: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first husband; for then [was it] better with me than now.
Hosea 2:10 And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
Isaiah 30:6 The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence [come] the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people [that] shall not profit [them].
Ezekiel 16:33-34 They give gifts to all whores: but thou givest thy gifts to all thy lovers, and hirest them, that they may come unto thee on every side for thy whoredom. ... And the contrary is in thee from [other] women in thy whoredoms, whereas none followeth thee to commit whoredoms: and in that thou givest a reward, and no reward is given unto thee, therefore thou art contrary.

Heb. loves
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

2K 15:19. Jb 39:5. Is 30:6. Jr 2:24. Ezk 16:33; 23:5. Ho 2:5, 10; 5:13; 7:11; 12:1.

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