That they were graven
A primitive root; to cut
or carve (wood, stone or other material); by implication to hew
Stem - Niphal (See H8833
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811
Count - 1602
with an iron
Perhaps from the root of H1269
); by extension an iron implement
(contracted) in the sense of swooping
, that is, side long stroke
; a stylus
or marking stick.
Feminine participle active of H6080
(from its dusty
in the rock
; properly a cliff
(or sharp rock, as compressed
); generally a rock
; figuratively a refuge
; also an edge
; properly a (peremptory) terminus
, that is, (by implication) duration
, in the sense of perpetuity
(substantially as a noun, either with or without a preposition).
_ _ pen graver.
_ _ lead poured into the engraven characters, to make them better seen [Umbreit]. Not on leaden plates; for it was “in the rock” that they were engraved. Perhaps it was the hammer that was of “lead,” as sculptors find more delicate incisions are made by it, than by a harder hammer. Foster (One Primeval Language) has shown that the inscriptions on the rocks in Wady-Mokatta, along Israel’s route through the desert, record the journeys of that people, as Cosmas Indicopleustes asserted, a.d. 535.
_ _ for ever as long as the rock lasts.
Lead Anciently they used to grave the letters in a stone with an iron tool, and then to fill up the cuts with lead, that the words might be more plainly seen.
That they were graven with (p) an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!
(p) He protests that despite his sore passions his religion is perfect and that he in not a blasphemer as they judged him.
Exodus 28:11-12 With the work of an engraver in stone, [like] the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold. ... And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod [for] stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
Exodus 28:21 And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, [like] the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
Exodus 32:16 And the tables [were] the work of God, and the writing [was] the writing of God, graven upon the tables.
Deuteronomy 27:2-3 And it shall be on the day when ye shall pass over Jordan unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, that thou shalt set thee up great stones, and plaister them with plaister: ... And thou shalt write upon them all the words of this law, when thou art passed over, that thou mayest go in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, a land that floweth with milk and honey; as the LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee.
Deuteronomy 27:8 And thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly.
Jeremiah 17:1 The sin of Judah [is] written with a pen of iron, [and] with the point of a diamond: [it is] graven upon the table of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars;